Gulf Coast Green 2012 Francois Levy

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Gulf Coast Green 2012 Francois Levy

  1. 1. SMALL  GREEN  BIM BUILDING  INFORMATION  MODELING  FOR HIGH-­‐PERFORMANCE  ARCHITECTURE FRANÇOIS  LÉVY  AIA,  AIAA info@francoislevy.com 1
  2. 2. SMALL  GREEN  BIM BUILDING  INFORMATION  MODELING  FOR HIGH-­‐PERFORMANCE  ARCHITECTUREGULF  COAST  GREEN  IS  A  REGISTERED  PROVIDER  WITH  THE  AMERICAN  INSTITUTE  OF  ARCHITECTS  CONTINUING  EDUCATION  SYSTEMS  (AIA/CES).  CREDIT(S)  EARNED  ON  COMPLETION  OF  THIS  PROGRAM  WILL  BE  REPORTED  TO  AIA/CES  FOR  AIA  MEMBERS.  CERTIFICATES  OF  COMPLETION  FOR  BOTH  AIA  MEMBERS  AND  NON-­‐AIA  MEMBERS  ARE  AVAILABLE  UPON  REQUEST.THIS  PROGRAM  IS  REGISTERED  WITH  AIA/CES  FOR  CONTINUING  PROFESSIONAL  EDUCATION.  AS  SUCH,  IT  DOES  NOT  INCLUDE  CONTENT  THAT  MAY  BE  DEEMED  OR  CONSTRUED  TO  BE  AN  APPROVAL  OR  ENDORSEMENT  BY  THE  AIA  OF  ANY  MATERIAL  OF  CONSTRUCTION  OR  ANY  METHOD  OR  MANNER  OF  HANDLING,  USING,  DISTRIBUTING,  OR  DEALING  IN  ANY  MATERIAL  OR  PRODUCT.    QUESTIONS  RELATED  TO  SPECIFIC  MATERIALS,  METHODS,  AND  SERVICES  WILL  BE  ADDRESSED  AT  THE  CONCLUSION  OF  THIS  PRESENTATION. 2
  3. 3. SMALL  GREEN  BIM BUILDING  INFORMATION  MODELING  FOR HIGH-­‐PERFORMANCE  ARCHITECTURE THIS  PRESENTATION  IS  PROTECTED  BY  U.S.  AND   INTERNATIONAL  COPYRIGHT  LAWS.  REPRODUCTION,   DISTRIBUTION,  DISPLAY  AND  USE  OF  THE  PRESENTATION   WITHOUT  WRITTEN  PERMISSION  OF  THE  SPEAKER  IS   PROHIBITED. ©  FRANÇOIS  LÉVY  2012 3
  4. 4. SMALL  GREEN  BIM BUILDING  INFORMATION  MODELING  FOR HIGH-­‐PERFORMANCE  ARCHITECTUREAT  THE  END  OF  THIS  PROGRAM,  PARTICIPANTS  WILL  BE  ABLE  TO:• UNDERSTAND  THE  DOMINANT  INFLUENCE  OF  CLIMATE  ON  THE  DESIGN  OF   SMALLER  (I.E.,  SKIN-­‐LOAD  DOMINATED)  BUILDINGS• LEARN  THE  QUANTITATIVE  DESIGN  OPPORTUNITIES  BIM  OFFERS  FOR   SUSTAINABILITY• IDENTIFY  THE  APPLICABILITY  OF  A  BIM  WORKFLOW  TO  SKIN-­‐LOAD  DOMINATED   PROJECTS• DISCUSS  SPECIFIC  CASES  WHICH  DEMONSTRATE  BIMS  APPLICABILITY  TO  THE   OPTIMIZED  DESIGN  OF  HIGH-­‐PERFORMANCE  BUILDINGS 4
  5. 5. >40%Diagram 1. Energy Flow, 2007 (Quadrillion Btu) Petroleum 2.93 Exports 5.36 Coal g 23.48 Other Exports 2.43 l ntial Reside 5 21.7 Natural Gas Coal 19.82 22.77 Fossil Fuels l 56.50 Commercial Crude h 18.43 Oil a Domestic Natural Gas 10.80 Production 23.64 Fossil j 71.71 Fuels Supply 86.25 Consumption k b 106.96 101.60 l NGPL 2.40 Industrial 32.32 Nuclear Electric Power 8.41 i Petroleum c Renewable Energy 6.80 39.82 Imports Transportation 29.10 34.60 d m Nuclear Electric Power 8.41 le u 0 Renewable Energyc 6.83 t ro .7 Pe 28 Stock Change and Other f 0.65 Other e Imports 5.90 a i Includes lease condensate. Petroleum products, including natural gas plant liquids, and crude oil burned as fuel. b j Natural gas plant liquids. Includes 0.03 quadrillion Btu of coal coke net imports. c Conventional hydroelectric power, biomass, geothermal, solar/photovoltaic, and wind. k Includes 0.11 quadrillion Btu of electricity net imports. d Crude oil and petroleum products. Includes imports into the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. l Primary consumption, electricity retail sales, and electrical system energy losses, which are e Natural gas, coal, coal coke, fuel ethanol, and electricity. allocated to the end-use sectors in proportion to each sector’s share of total electricity retailSOURCE:  DOE,  2007  ANNUAL  ENERGY  REVIEW:  HTTP://WWW.EIA.DOE.GOV/AER/PDF/AER.PDF• Energy Losses,” at end ofsource data prior to rounding for f g Adjustments, losses, and unaccounted for. sales. See Note, “Electrical Systems Notes: • Data are preliminary. Values are derived from Section 2. Coal, natural gas, coal coke, and electricity. h publication. • Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. 5
  6. 6. BUILDINGS  CONSUME• 50%  OF  TOTAL  ENERGY  USE• 68%  OF  U.S.  ELECTRICITY  USE• 50%  OF  GREENHOUSE  GAS  EMISSIONS• 40%  OF  RAW  MATERIALS• 12%  OF  FRESH  WATER  USE• 30%  OF  WASTE  OUTPUT  (136  MILLION  TONS/YEAR) 6
  7. 7. 80% 7
  8. 8. ©2011  Nemetschek  Vectorworks,  Inc. 8
  9. 9. BUILDING  INFORMATION  MODELINGAN  ARCHITECTURAL  SOFTWARE  AND  WORK  ENVIRONMENT   IN  WHICH  GRAPHIC  AND  TABULAR  VIEWS  ARE  EXTRACTED   FROM  DATA-­‐RICH  BUILDING  MODELS  COMPOSED  OF   INTELLIGENT,  CONTEXTUAL  BUILDING  OBJECTS 9
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. WHAT  BIM  ISN’T 12
  13. 13. LEFT  SHIFT EFFORT:EFFECT EFFECT:EFFORT CAD BIM PD SD DD CD BID CA McLeamy  Curve,  reimagined 13
  14. 14. BIM  IS  ‘JUST’  FOR  LARGE  PROJECTS 14
  15. 15. WHY  BIM?• EFFICIENCIES • NIST:  CONSERVATIVELY,  $5.3  BN  COST  TO  DESIGNERS  AND   BUILDERS  IN  CAPITAL  FACILITIES  INDUSTRY  IN  2002.  • REDUCTION  OF  ERRORS • INHERENT  COORDINATION • VISUAL  AND  AUTOMATED  CLASH  DETECTION• INTEGRATION  OF  DESIGN  AND  PRODUCTION • COLLABORATIVE  OPPORTUNITIES • INCREASED  COMMUNICATION  AND  DISCIPLINE• OPPORTUNITIES  FOR  IMPROVED  BUILDING  PERFORMANCE 15
  16. 16. HIGH-­‐PERFORMANCE  ARCHITECTURE Image  courtesy  Workshop8 16
  17. 17. INFORMED  DESIGN  DECISIONS• BIM  IS  NOT  A  RELIABLE  PREDICTOR  OF  REAL-­‐WORLD   PERFORMANCE • WHAT  ABOUT  ENERGY  MODELING?• BIM  CAN  BE  A  USEFUL   COMPARATIVE  DESIGN  TOOL ©2011  Nemetschek  Vectorworks,  Inc. 17
  18. 18. SITE  ANALYSIS 18
  19. 19. MASSING Image  courtesy  Mell  Lawrence  Architects 19
  20. 20. SOLAR  GEOMETRY 20
  21. 21. STATIC  SUN  STUDIES 21
  22. 22. DAYLIGHTING Image  courtesy  _space  architecture,  UK 22
  23. 23. THERMAL  CHIMNEY 23
  24. 24.  WIND-­‐DRIVEN  VENTILATION 24
  25. 25. PASSIVE  HEATING     25
  26. 26. ONSITE  ENERGY Image  courtesy  Mell  Lawrence  Architects 26
  27. 27. BUILDING  HYDROLOGY 27
  28. 28. MATERIALS  USEBley  Sleeping  House  Addidon  by  Agruppo.  BIM  model  and  photos  by  Andrew  Nance. 28
  29. 29. COORDINATION  +  COLLABORATION Image  courtesy  Frank  Gomillion,  GKZ 29
  30. 30. MATERIAL  TAKEOFFS 30
  31. 31. SMALL  GREEN  BIM BUILDING  INFORMATION  MODELING  FOR HIGH-­‐PERFORMANCE  ARCHITECTURE• CLIMATE  LOAD  DOMINANCE  IS  INVERSELY  CORRELATED  TO   BUILDING  SIZE.• THE  DESIGNER  CAN  LEVERAGE  BIMS  BUILT-­‐IN  GEOMETRICAL  AND   PERFORMANCE  DATA  ANY  TIME  IN  THE  DESIGN  PROCESS,  THE   EARLY  THE  BETTER• MANY  WELL-­‐ESTABLISHED  DESIGN  GUIDELINES  CAN  BE  BIM-­‐ IMPLEMENTED  FOR  BETTER  DESIGN  DECISIONS  IN  HIGH-­‐ PERFORMANCE  BUILDINGS 31
  32. 32. SMALL  GREEN  BIM BUILDING  INFORMATION  MODELING  FOR HIGH-­‐PERFORMANCE  ARCHITECTURE• THIS  CONCLUDES  THIS  PORTION  OF  THE  AMERICAN  INSTITUTE   OF  ARCHITECTS  CONTINUING  EDUCATION  SYSTEM  COURSE.• Q+A  JOINTLY  BY  ALL  THREE  PRESENTERS  AFTER  THE  SECOND   PRESENTATION FRANÇOIS  LÉVY,  AIA  AIAA info@francoislevy.com AUTHOR,  BIM  IN  SMALL-­‐SCALE  SUSTAINABLE  DESIGN hNp://is.gd/UJPFta 32

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