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Propaganda Movement (Pedro Paterno)


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History 1 V1-4R
REPORT. (Pedro Paterno)

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Propaganda Movement (Pedro Paterno)

  1. 2. <ul><li>  literary and cultural organization </li></ul><ul><li>formed in 1872. </li></ul><ul><li>Composed of Filipino liberals exiled in 1872 and students attending Europe's universities, </li></ul><ul><li>aimed to increase Spanish awareness of the needs of the Philippines, and to propagate a closer relationship between the colony and Spain. </li></ul>
  2. 4. <ul><li>Representation of the Philippines in the Cortes Generales, the Spanish parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Secularization of the clergy </li></ul><ul><li>Legalization of Spanish and Filipino equality </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of a public school system independent of the friars </li></ul><ul><li>Abolition of the  polo  (labor service) and  vandala  (forced sale of local products to the government); </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Guarantee of basic freedoms of speech and association </li></ul><ul><li>Equal opportunity for Filipinos and Spanish to enter government service </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition of the Philippines as a province of Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Secularization of Philippine parishes </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition of human rights. </li></ul>
  4. 7. <ul><li>Jose Rizal </li></ul><ul><li>Graciano Lopez Jaena </li></ul><ul><li>Mariano Ponce </li></ul><ul><li>Marcelo H. del Pilar </li></ul><ul><li>Antonio Luna </li></ul><ul><li>Jose Ma. Panganiban </li></ul><ul><li>Dominador Gomez </li></ul><ul><li>Pedro Paterno </li></ul>
  5. 8. Pedro Alejandro Paterno y de Vera-Ignacio -- “Forward, Filipinos, and the sun of victory will shine upon us.”
  6. 9. <ul><li>Born in Manila on February 27, 1857 </li></ul><ul><li>One of 13 children of wealthy spouses Don Maximo Paterno and Dona Carmen de Vera Ignacio </li></ul><ul><li>Bachiller en Artes in Ateneo de Manila </li></ul><ul><li>  Philosophy and Theology in University of Salamanca </li></ul><ul><li>Expertise in law in Central University of Madrid in 1880 </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>Pedro Paterno helped in the negotiations of the Pact of Biak-na-Bato on December 15, 1897 and later wrote a book about it </li></ul><ul><li>While in Spain, he joined the Propaganda Movement </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>He wrote one of the first Filipino novels, entitled  Ninay </li></ul><ul><li>He also wrote  Sampaguita y Poesias , a collection of Filipino poems in Spanish that was published in Madrid in 1880. </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>signed on December 14, 1897 </li></ul><ul><li>created a truce between Spanish Colonial Governor-General Fernando Primo de Rivera and Emilio Aguinaldo to end the Philippine Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>was made up of three documents which together came to be known as the Truce of Biak-na-Bató </li></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>That Aguinaldo and his companions would go into voluntary exile abroad </li></ul><ul><li>that Governor-General Primo de Rivera would pay the sum of P800,000 to the rebels in three installments: </li></ul><ul><li>$400,000 {Mexican) to Aguinaldo upon his departure from Biak-na-Bató </li></ul><ul><li>$200,000 (Mexican) when the arms surrendered by the revolutionists amounted to 800 stand, and </li></ul><ul><li>the remaining $200,000 (Mexican) when the arms surrendered amounted to 1,000 stand, Te Deum  in the Cathedral in Manila as thanksgiving for the restoration of peace </li></ul><ul><li>that Primo de Rivera would pay the additional sum of P900,000 to the families of the non-combatant Filipinos who suffered during the armed conflic </li></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><ul><li>The first republic ever declared in the Philippines by the revolutionary Emilio Aguinaldo and his fellow members of the Katipunan. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>the expulsion of the Friars and the return to the Filipinos of the lands which they had appropriated for themselves </li></ul><ul><li>representation in the Spanish Cortes </li></ul><ul><li>freedom of the press and tolerance of all religious sects </li></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>equal treatment and pay for Peninsular and Insular civil servants </li></ul><ul><li>abolition of the power of the government to banish civil citizens </li></ul><ul><li>legal equality of all persons </li></ul>
  14. 17. <ul><li>He served as prime minister of the first Philippine republic in the middle of 1899, and served as head of the country's assembly, and the cabinet </li></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>With the Philippine-American War after the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1898, he was among the most prominent Filipinos who joined the American side and advocated the incorporation of the Philippines into the United States. </li></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>He was one of the greatest &quot;balimbing&quot; [turncoats] in history (perhaps he was the original balimbing in Philippine political history). </li></ul><ul><li>He was first on the Spanish side, then when the declaration of independence was made in 1898, he wormed his way to power and became president of the Malolos Congress in 1899 </li></ul>
  17. 20. <ul><li>then sensing the change in political winds after the establishment of the American colonial government, he became a member of the First Philippine Assembly. </li></ul><ul><li>has its origins in Pedro Paterno’s role in the negotiation of the 1897 Pact of Biyak-na-Bato between the Philippine revolutionaries and the Spanish </li></ul><ul><li>  agreed to abandon his fellow revolutionaries struggle and collaborate with the colonial administration </li></ul>
  18. 21. <ul><li>when the USA in 1898 declared war on Spain, Paterno urged the revolutionaries to defend Spanish rule against the Americans, and he continued to urge resistance to the USA during the Philippine-American war. </li></ul><ul><li>When captured, he swore allegiance to the USA, and was subsequently appointed President of the Consultative Assembly. </li></ul>
  19. 22. Death <ul><li>Pedro Paterno died of cholera on March 11, 1911. </li></ul>