Inca Empire presentation Zeke Julia Daniella


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Power point presentation on the Inca Empire

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Inca Empire presentation Zeke Julia Daniella

  1. 1. The civilization of the Incas 1438-1532 A presentation by Zeke St. John Daniella Forman Julia Kramer
  2. 2. Location <ul><ul><ul><li>Located near the Andean Mountains, present day Peru, in South America </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To the north were the Andean mountains </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To one side of the Andes, was the Amazon jungle, where wood, fruit, and natural medicines were found </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Rise To Power <ul><li>In 1350 the Incans settled in and around the city of Cuzco. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1438 the Incas won a war against against the Chancay. The ruler at the time Pachacuti began to overthrow other tribes of South America. </li></ul><ul><li>Pachacuti gained the land from Cuzco to shores of Lake Titicaca using military campaigns and alliances. </li></ul><ul><li>Pachacuti then starts to build the grand city of Machu Picchu. He orders to bulid more terraces to grow more crops. </li></ul><ul><li>He afterward rebuilds Cuzco. </li></ul><ul><li>He appoints his son, Tupac Inca Yupanqui as the next ruler, who then conquers the Andes region, as far south as Chile and as far North as Equador. </li></ul><ul><li>They gave their enemies the option to surrender before using forceful tactics. Once conquered they allowed the conquered people to keep their own customs and religion. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Cultural achievements <ul><li>The Incas two main products were pottery and cloth. </li></ul><ul><li>They did not use the wheel and had no system of writing but through a system if knots they were able to keep track of numbers. </li></ul><ul><li>Even with out the use of modern tools or the use of the wheel the Incas were able to create sturdy architecture in an area prone to earthquakes </li></ul><ul><li>They had an elaborate calendar like the Aztecs and the Mayans. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Daily Life <ul><li> At the top of the social structure was the Sapa Inca, his wives, and Commander of the army. </li></ul><ul><li>The next class was known as quipucamayoc. This class contained accountants, army captains, and musicians </li></ul>
  6. 6. Daily Life (Continued) <ul><li>The bottom of the social structure were the farmers, sorcerers, and herding families </li></ul><ul><li>Workers were organized into units of 10-20 people, called ayllu. Each person had their own job. </li></ul><ul><li>There was no capitalism. Meaning people could not start their own small businesses. </li></ul><ul><li>Most people were farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Houses were made of sun baked bricks, hanging leather and cloth </li></ul>
  7. 7. Inca Religion <ul><li>The Incas Were polytheistic, meaning they believed in many gods. </li></ul><ul><li>Incas were known as the sun children, and worshipped gods of nature, like the Shinto </li></ul><ul><li>Priests were believed to have the ability to read omens and signs from ancestors and gods. </li></ul><ul><li>Like the Egyptians, the Inca mummified their dead and believed in an afterlife. The funerals they held lasted 8 days. </li></ul><ul><li>Rulers that were mummified were believed to still be alive. Servants would still wait on them and family members would consult them for advice. </li></ul><ul><li>Inca priests and priestesses were believed to do the work of the gods, and because of this, were highly honored and usually part of the royal family. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Decline <ul><li>Huayna Capac’s (1493-1525) son, Ninan Cuyuchi succeeded him. </li></ul><ul><li>They both passed away due to small pox or measles, which were diseases brought to the Americas by the Europeans. </li></ul><ul><li>The next rulers had to be within the blood line. Two half brothers, Huascar and Atahualpa fought for power, fighting a long civil war. </li></ul><ul><li>The long civil war internal weakened them </li></ul><ul><li>With out a ruler the empire fell apart </li></ul><ul><li>During the reign of King Philip, the Spanish conquistadors took over many part of South America, including the Inca Empire in Peru </li></ul>
  9. 9. Bibliography <ul><li>Martin, Phillip, </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Cadezski, </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Schwarts,Stuart B., </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Pratt, Norman, </li></ul><ul><li>Peru Culture Society, </li></ul><ul><li>Education Foncation, </li></ul><ul><li>Martin, Philip, http:// </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>