By: Julia Wagner
• Part of the Constitution
• Established in 1783
• Every five slaves equals three people
• Came abut so Constitution was r...
• Passed in 1820
• Missouri Territory wanted to become a slave
state
– Cause an unbalanced Congress
• Maine eventually app...
• Also included the Missouri Compromise Line
(36 ̊30 ’N)
• No slave states above
line and vice versa
• Contributed to Civi...
• California became a free state
• Texas couldn’t expand into New Mexico
– Received $10 million to compensate
• Slave trad...
• Part of Compromise of 1850
• Was in favor of slavery
• Marshals must arrest all runaway slaves
• Outlined punishment for...
• Passed on May 30, 1854
• Started with the formation of two territories
• Created because of slavery dispute in
territori...
• Introduced popular sovereignty
– Each state gets to decide their slavery status
• This idea overturned the Missouri
Comp...
• Result of the Kansas-Nebraska Act
• People from North and South moved to
Kansas
– Establish as a free or slave state
• O...
• Court case in 1857
• Dred Scott was a slave in Missouri
• Lived with owner in both Illinois and
Wisconsin
• After owners...
• Supreme Court decided against Scott
• Said no African American was a citizen
• Scott didn’t have right to come before co...
• 1858- leading up to Illinois Senate Election
• Stephen Douglas:
– Popular with people
– Running for re-election
– Suppor...
• Four major candidates in the Election
• Divide was very much regional
– Biggest factor in division was slavery
• Democra...
Voting results of the 1860 Presidential Election
• Contributed to Civil War by:
– Putting an anti-slavery president in office
– Angered South and their threat of secession...
Sources
• Background Photo:
http://images.search.yahoo.com/images/view;_ylt=A0PDoS2na0RPCwgAcTiJzbkF;_ylu=X3oDMTBlMTQ4cGxy...
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Major Events Leading to the Civil War

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  • This was created because of the proportional House of Representitives. The south wanted the slaves to count as a full person and the north wanted them to count as none.
  • Marshals fined $1000, aiding runaways equals 6 month imprisonment and $1000 fine
  • On day of voting people flooded from Missouri to try and make Kansas a slave state while others flooded from the north and they started attacking each other to stop the vote from going one way or another
  • Point 1: 7-2 decision. Point 3: slaves were property and couldn’t come before the court. Point 4: limiting were slaves could be was taking away slave owner rights.
  • Point 1: held in all 7 congressional districts of Illinois. Point 2: helped create Kansas-Nebraska Act and was a part of the Senate territory committee. Point 4: precursor for Presidential election of 1860
  • Point 1: Lincoln- Republican, Douglas- Northern Democrat, Breckenridge- Southern Democrats, Bell- Constitutional Union. Point 3: Division happened after Douglas became the official candidate for the part, the south didn’t approve. Point 4: Lincoln only had about 40% of the popular vote but had enough electoral votes for a victory.
  • Major Events Leading to the Civil War

    1. 1. By: Julia Wagner
    2. 2. • Part of the Constitution • Established in 1783 • Every five slaves equals three people • Came abut so Constitution was ratified • Contributed to Civil War: – Slave didn’t count as full person – Earliest division between North and South
    3. 3. • Passed in 1820 • Missouri Territory wanted to become a slave state – Cause an unbalanced Congress • Maine eventually applied for statehood • Maine became a free state, Missouri a slave state
    4. 4. • Also included the Missouri Compromise Line (36 ̊30 ’N) • No slave states above line and vice versa • Contributed to Civil War: – Showed fear of unbalance – Showed stubbornness of North and South
    5. 5. • California became a free state • Texas couldn’t expand into New Mexico – Received $10 million to compensate • Slave trade was abolished in Washington D.C. • Contributed to Civil War by: – Giving free states power in Congress – Stopping the slave trade in the US
    6. 6. • Part of Compromise of 1850 • Was in favor of slavery • Marshals must arrest all runaway slaves • Outlined punishment for those aiding runaways • Contributed to War: – Gave more authority to slave owners – Didn’t allow for slaves to escape
    7. 7. • Passed on May 30, 1854 • Started with the formation of two territories • Created because of slavery dispute in territories • Was developed after failed attempts at territory expansion • Act was developed by Stephen Douglas
    8. 8. • Introduced popular sovereignty – Each state gets to decide their slavery status • This idea overturned the Missouri Compromise line • Contributed to war by: – Overturning part of Missouri Compromise – Put less restrictions on slavery in the territories
    9. 9. • Result of the Kansas-Nebraska Act • People from North and South moved to Kansas – Establish as a free or slave state • On day of voting people became violent • Contributed to war: – First real act of violence – Made riff larger between North and South
    10. 10. • Court case in 1857 • Dred Scott was a slave in Missouri • Lived with owner in both Illinois and Wisconsin • After owners death Scott claimed to be free – This was because he lived on “free soil” • Became a court case in the Supreme Court
    11. 11. • Supreme Court decided against Scott • Said no African American was a citizen • Scott didn’t have right to come before court • Overturned all of the Missouri Compromise • Contributed to Civil War: – Establishing non-citizenship for African Americans – Court sided with South, creating greater divide
    12. 12. • 1858- leading up to Illinois Senate Election • Stephen Douglas: – Popular with people – Running for re-election – Supported compromise and popular sovereignty • Abraham Lincoln: – Fairly unknown – Believed country couldn’t survive half free and half slave • Douglas Eventually won
    13. 13. • Four major candidates in the Election • Divide was very much regional – Biggest factor in division was slavery • Democratic party eventually split – Gave Republicans an advantage • Lincoln ended up winning the presidency
    14. 14. Voting results of the 1860 Presidential Election
    15. 15. • Contributed to Civil War by: – Putting an anti-slavery president in office – Angered South and their threat of secession – Became the final straw in the start of the war
    16. 16. Sources • Background Photo: http://images.search.yahoo.com/images/view;_ylt=A0PDoS2na0RPCwgAcTiJzbkF;_ylu=X3oDMTBlMTQ4cGxyBHNlYwNzcgRzbGsDaW1n ?back=http%3A%2F%2Fimages.search.yahoo.com%2Fsearch%2Fimages%3Fp%3DAmerican%2Bflag%26ei%3DUTF-8%26fr%3Dyfp-t- 701%26tab%3Dorganic%26ri%3D5&w=792&h=594&imgurl=theforgottenman.org%2Fwp- content%2Fuploads%2F2010%2F05%2FOld_American_Flag_1_.jpg&rurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.theforgottenman.org%2Ftag%2Fameric an- flag%2F&size=504.5+KB&name=american+flag+%3A+The+Forgotten+Man&p=American+flag&oid=fb7968a6db8365395b689189ddabf2 b2&fr2=&fr=yfp-t- 701&tt=american%2Bflag%2B%253A%2BThe%2BForgotten%2BMan&b=0&ni=21&no=5&tab=organic&ts=&sigr=11hmp01pf&sigb=133 63rgth&sigi=127nrglpm&.crumb=5UQ1VatIYXN • Three-Fifths Compromise: http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/documents/documents_p2.cfm?doc=306 • Missouri Compromise: http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0833427.html • Mason-Dixon Picture: http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&biw=1366&bih=522&tbm=isch&tbnid=EUJbBaiDWUm6jM:&imgrefurl=http://ww w.ushistory.org/us/30d.asp&docid=qANxrfxFskWWrM&imgurl=http://www.ushistory.org/us/images/00080486.gif&w=400&h=261&ei= 8VhFT6m8DuTn0QHMp9zpAw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=314&vpy=135&dur=2458&hovh=181&hovw=278&tx=138&ty=99&sig=1118868 25112754072994&page=2&tbnh=132&tbnw=202&start=12&ndsp=16&ved=0CJwBEK0DMBI • Compromise of 1850: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2951.html • Fugitive Slave Act: http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USASfugitive.htm • Kansas- Nebraska Act: http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0827030.html • Bleeding Kansas: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2952.html • Dred Scott v. Sandford: http://www.infoplease.com/us/supreme-court/cases/ar09.html • Lincoln-Douglas Debates; http://www.illinoiscivilwar.org/debates.html • Presidential Election of 1860: http://history1800s.about.com/od/presidentialcampaigns/a/1860election.htm • Election of 1860 Picture: http://www.google.com/imgres?hl=en&biw=1366&bih=522&gbv=2&tbm=isch&tbnid=QKPJIn_KeRSOXM:&imgrefurl=http://abrahamlin colnblog.blogspot.com/2010/11/presidential-election-of-1860-150th.html&docid=c2RQ81KX- LuIuM&imgurl=http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_n0kOLTsDBsw/TNXTisqh__I/AAAAAAAABMA/tOmGCVvfivQ/s1600/ElectoralCollege1860- Large.png&w=1182&h=635&ei=tO9LT8aKK6Pd0QHG87zXBA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=91&vpy=202&dur=1998&hovh=164&hovw=306& tx=177&ty=67&sig=111886825112754072994&page=1&tbnh=114&tbnw=212&start=0&ndsp=12&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0

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