Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Sparta And Athens

14,705 views

Published on

Slides covering the city-states of Athens and Sparta.

Published in: Education
  • Login to see the comments

Sparta And Athens

  1. 1. Quiz time - 20 minutes
  2. 2. "The walls of Sparta were its young men, and its borders the points of their spears.” -King Agesilaos
  3. 4. Sparta <ul><li>725 B.C. conquered Messina (Italy) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helots </li></ul></ul><ul><li>650 B.C. Helot revolt </li></ul><ul><li>Lycurgus established military-orientated reform in Sparta </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Told by the Oracle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spartan Constitution </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Sparta - Lifestyle and Values <ul><li>Fear </li></ul><ul><li>Aim in life: to be fighting fit </li></ul><ul><li>Discouraged personal expression </li></ul><ul><li>Valued duty, strength, discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Trained to dislike luxury </li></ul><ul><li>Weak babies killed at birth </li></ul><ul><li>Service above all else </li></ul>
  5. 6. Sparta - Education <ul><li>Boys begin at age 7 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading, writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly athletics and military training </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strict adherence to suffering </li></ul><ul><li>Girls being at age 7 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading, writing, gymnastics, athletics, survival </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Women’s Roles - Sparta <ul><li>Educated </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed to participate in sports </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: to produce strong babies </li></ul><ul><li>Treated more as equals </li></ul>
  7. 8. Sparta - Government <ul><li>Oligarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Two kings </li></ul><ul><li>Five “ephors” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overseers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Council “apella” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Judges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposed laws </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assembly </li></ul>A Spartan King
  8. 9. Sparta - Government
  9. 10. Sparta - Social Structure <ul><li>Spartiates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Military professionals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Perioeci </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outsiders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could not vote </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Helots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peasant workers </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Sparta <ul><li>Population in 475 - 430 B.C. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approx. 100,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peloponnesian League </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strongest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Military power </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Sparta - Today <ul><li>Mascots: </li></ul><ul><li>The Perfect Cheer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Michigan State </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>San Jose State </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University of North Carolina - Greensboro </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cities in US: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, Georgia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, Illinois </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, Indiana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, Kentucky </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, Michigan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, Mississippi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, Missouri </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, New York </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, North Carolina </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, Tennessee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta, Wisconsin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta Township, New Jersey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sparta Township, Pennsylvania </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Athens, the eye of Greece, mother of arts and eloquence -John Milton
  13. 15. <ul><li>Meaningful life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leave something behind </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intellectual pursuits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wisdom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curiosity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mind/Body perfection </li></ul><ul><li>Civic responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural superiority </li></ul><ul><li>Trade </li></ul>Athens - Values and Lifestyle
  14. 16. Athens - Education <ul><li>Males: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealthy males </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Begin at 5 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>End - dependent on wealth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broader education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Older boys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Logic, philosophy, ethics, public speaking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Military school </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Athletics each day </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Females: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No formal schooling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic education by female household members </li></ul></ul>
  15. 17. Athens - Women’s Roles <ul><li>In the home </li></ul><ul><li>Learned the art of domestic duty </li></ul><ul><li>Some roles in religious life </li></ul><ul><li>Couldn’t play sports </li></ul>
  16. 18. Athens - Social Structure <ul><li>No rights </li></ul><ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><li>Lowest class with no rights </li></ul><ul><li>Some were given important roles in Athens, like policemen </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Outsiders </li></ul><ul><li>Not allowed to own land </li></ul><ul><li>Could run industries and businesses. </li></ul><ul><li>Metics </li></ul><ul><li>All male citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Divided into classes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aristocrats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle ranks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thetes - lowest class </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Freemen </li></ul>
  17. 19. Athens - Government _______
  18. 20. Athens - Population <ul><li>Growing population from 475 - 430 B.C. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>140,000 to 250,000 within its populace </li></ul></ul>
  19. 21. For next class… <ul><li>Acrostic Poems due </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Include information about: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Values and Lifestyle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Women’s Roles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Population </li></ul></ul></ul>SPARTA ATHENS

×