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The essay


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The essay

  1. 1. The Essay - Prof. Julia I. Martínez<br />Essay Writing<br />Introduction<br />
  2. 2. The Essay - Prof. Julia I. Martínez<br />What is an essay?<br />It is a piece of writing several paragraphs long.<br />It is written about one topic. It usually presents facts, opinions, and ideas on a certain topic.<br />It develops one central idea.<br />
  3. 3. The Essay - Prof. Julia I. Martínez<br />What are the parts of an essay?<br />Introduction<br />Body<br />Conclusion<br />Let’s analyse each of them in turn<br />
  4. 4. The Essay - Prof. Julia I. Martínez<br />Introduction<br />It is the first part of the essay, usually the first paragraph.<br />It has four purposes:<br />it introduces the topic of the essay<br />it gives a general background of the topic<br />it often indicates the overall ‘plan’ of the essay<br />it should arouse the reader’s interest in the topic.<br />
  5. 5. The Essay - Prof. Julia I. Martínez<br />Parts of the Introduction<br />General statements about the topic<br />Thesis statement<br />You can begin your essay using a ‘hook,’ which is the opening statement the writer uses to catch the reader’s attention<br />
  6. 6. The Essay - Prof. Julia I. Martínez<br />Ways of writing a hook<br />Ask a question<br />Use an interesting observation<br />Present a unique scenario<br />Use a famous quote<br />Use statistical information (with its source), especially one that is surprising or shocking<br />
  7. 7. The Essay - Prof. Julia I. Martínez<br />The Thesis Statement<br />It is the most important statement in the introduction. <br />Some things to remember:<br />it states the main topic<br />it lists the subdivisions of the topic<br />it may indicate the method of organisation of the entire paper<br />it is usually the last sentence in the introductory paragraph<br />it should be expressed as a complete sentence (affirmative or negative; not a question)<br />it should not express a fact<br />it should express only one idea<br />
  8. 8. The Essay - Prof. Julia I. Martínez<br />The Body<br />It is the group of paragraphs that will develop the subtopics announced in the thesis statement. <br />Each paragraph should have its own topic sentence and, eventually, a concluding sentence, too.<br />It is important to use transition signals between paragraphs, so that your writing runs more smoothly.<br />
  9. 9. The Essay - Prof. Julia I. Martínez<br />The Conclusion<br />It is the final paragraph of the essay.<br />It should never introduce a new idea or topic.<br />It can restate the main points (subtopics) discussed; it can restate the thesis statement; it includes your final comment on the subject.<br />Useful techniques: make a suggestion; give an opinion (if appropriate); make a prediction; leave the reader with something to think about; ask a question.<br />