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HC3. Blockbusters, Sound, Mise-en-scene, and Jaws


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HC3. Blockbusters, Sound, Mise-en-scene, and Jaws

  1. 1. Introduction to Hollywood Cinema:Blockbusters, Sound, Mise-en-scene, and Jaws<br />Prof. Julia Leyda<br />September 10, 2010<br />
  2. 2. Quiz<br /> Describe as many different sounds as you can remember from the movie. How does Jaws use sound to influence the audience’s emotions and reactions?<br />(10 minutes)<br />
  3. 3. I. blockbuster syndrome<br />1970s takeovers, new executives<br />synergy: multiple profit centers in different media <br />tie-ins with books, DVDs, toys, games, music, food…<br />“pre-sold” movies with existing audience (best-selling books, sequels, stars with large fan base)<br />
  4. 4. blockbuster syndrome<br />only a few movies will make big annual profits<br />small number of movies carried the costs of production for all<br />7 of 10 movies lose money; 2 of 10 break even; 1 is a blockbuster<br />importance of marketing, saturation booking, and movie as a big special “event”<br />
  5. 5. franchise movies<br />sequels and series movies as a franchise<br />easy to market globally (along with tie-ins)<br />easy to replicate after one success<br />“pre-sold” if audiences recognize it and know what to expect<br />1964-68 series/sequels were 4.4% of movies, but 1974-78 they were 17.6%<br />
  6. 6. franchise movies<br />genre movie (horror, SF, gangster) as a franchise<br />pre-sold with core fans<br />proven market-tested appeal<br />easy to adapt and reformulate same stories<br />previously low-status genres now updated as “high-concept” with better production values<br />ex. Jaws, The Godfather, Star Wars<br />
  7. 7. 1970s examples<br />The Godfather (1972), Jaws (1975), and Star Wars (1977)<br />young directors and stars<br />B-movie genres but w/high production values<br />blockbuster sales<br />produced series: sequels / prequels<br />successful tie-ins (best-selling novel, music, toys, games, t-shirts, comics, etc.)<br />
  8. 8. movie industry and Jaws<br />paradigmatic “New Hollywood” event movie, or “high concept” movie with tie-ins, synergy<br />saturation release, formerly only bad movies<br />simple idea, TV ads, bestselling novel, striking graphic image<br />summer action blockbusters: return to spectacle or “cinema of attractions” as in early Hollywood<br />precursor to high concept blockbuster Star Wars<br />
  9. 9. in today’s news<br />new James Bond film (the 23rd in the series) suspended because MGM is out of money<br />James Bond is the 3rd most profitable franchise, after Star Wars and Harry Potter<br />Sony, Lionsgate, Time Warner all possible buyers of MGM, said to cost at least $2 billion<br />Casino Royale (2006): $594 million world box office<br />Quantum of Solace (2008): $586 million<br />from the Guardian online 20 April 2010<br />
  10. 10. II. film sound<br />voiceover, dialogue, monologue<br />characters, narrator<br />music <br />radio playing, concert, score (background music)<br />sound effects, noises <br />footsteps, breaking glass<br />
  11. 11. diegetic and nondiegetic sound<br />diegetic sound: voice, music, or sound effect that comes from a source within the movie’s world<br />nondiegetic sound: sound, such as background music or voiceover that comes from a source outside the movie’s world <br />
  12. 12. Jaws intro clip<br />with no sound but with picture<br />with normal sound and picture<br />with normal sound and no picture (fill out chart in next slide)<br />
  13. 13. music dialogue sound effect<br /> [write down everything you hear in one of these three columns]<br />
  14. 14. Jaws score<br />in-depth analysis by Tylski<br />atonal, fragmented, decomposed score<br />two notes in repetition and variation <br />echoes the binaries in the narrative<br />human vs. nature<br />strength vs. knowledge<br />past vs. present<br />seen vs. unseen<br />
  15. 15. III. mise-en-scene<br />mise-en-scene: (Fr. “putting into the scene”) all the elements placed in front of the camera and within the frame, and their visual arrangement and composition: settings, decor, props, actors, costumes, makeup, and lighting<br />
  16. 16. mise-en-scene: setting<br />
  17. 17. mise-en-scene: props, décor<br />
  18. 18. mise-en-scene: decor, lighting<br />
  19. 19. mise-en-scene: lighting<br />
  20. 20. mise-en-scene: lighting<br />
  21. 21. mise-en-scene: color motifs, costume<br />
  22. 22. mise-en-scene: color motifs, costume<br />
  23. 23. mise-en-scene: framing<br />
  24. 24. discussion questions<br />What were the biggest Hollywood blockbusters of the past few years? Did you go see them in the cinema or rent the DVD, or not see them?<br />Did you notice the sounds—music, dialogue, sound effects—when you watched Jaws before class? What and why did you notice?<br />What else did you notice about the mise-en-scene in Jaws? (Hint: underwater shots)<br />