Map skills

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Map skills

  1. 1. Map Skills <ul><li>Describing relief (height and shape of the land) </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the highest / lowest point </li></ul><ul><li>Locate areas of higher / lower land </li></ul><ul><li>Compare different areas of the map </li></ul><ul><li>Use direction e.g. “the north-facing slope”, “the flood plain in the southwest” </li></ul><ul><li>Look for the obvious first! Describing words: </li></ul><ul><li>Features: plateau hill valley v-shaped valley cliff flood plain ridge knoll </li></ul><ul><li>slope contour spot height summit terrain </li></ul><ul><li>Shape: flat steep gentle undulating mountainous </li></ul>
  2. 2. Map Skills <ul><li>Describing roads </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the largest roads first, the settlements that they connect and the direction they follow e.g. “The A375 heads north from Sidmouth” </li></ul><ul><li>Use correct terminology e.g. A road, minor road, motorway </li></ul><ul><li>Mention the smaller roads </li></ul><ul><li>Identify areas where the road pattern is more / less dense </li></ul><ul><li>Look for the obvious first! </li></ul><ul><li>Describing words: </li></ul><ul><li>Road features: junction roundabout bypass ring-road route bridge </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns: straight sinuous radial grid converging dense sparse </li></ul>
  3. 3. Map Skills <ul><li>Describing drainage (pattern of rivers and streams) </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the largest rivers first by name if possible </li></ul><ul><li>Use correct terminology e.g. canal, stream, source, mouth, tributary </li></ul><ul><li>Identify areas where the river pattern is more / less dense </li></ul><ul><li>Work out in which direction rivers are travelling (it’s downstream!) </li></ul><ul><li>Refer to grid references where necessary </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. The river Clyst flows south past Topsham to a confluence with the river Exe at grid square 9787 </li></ul><ul><li>Describing words: </li></ul><ul><li>River features: source mouth tributary watershed confluence bridge valley flood plain dry valley waterfall estuary </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns: straight sinuous radial meandering converging dense sparse </li></ul>
  4. 4. Map Skills <ul><li>Describing vegetation (areas of trees) </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the largest forest areas first </li></ul><ul><li>Estimate size of forests by counting grid squares </li></ul><ul><li>Identify types of trees (deciduous or conifers) </li></ul><ul><li>Identify areas of natural woodland (plantations tend to have straight boundaries) </li></ul><ul><li>Relate patterns of woodland to other features such as relief and drainage </li></ul><ul><li>Describing words: </li></ul><ul><li>Features: woodland forest deciduous conifers orchard plantation </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns: clustered extensive dense sparse </li></ul>
  5. 5. Map Skills <ul><li>Describing settlement / industry / land use </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the largest places first by name if possible </li></ul><ul><li>Use correct terminology e.g. CBD, suburbs, residential </li></ul><ul><li>Identify areas where the pattern is more / less dense </li></ul><ul><li>Identify key buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Look for boundaries in land use </li></ul><ul><li>Use grid references where necessary </li></ul><ul><li>State the obvious first! </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. West of easting 45 the land use is dominated by farms with the occasional small village. To the east of easting 45 there is an extensive area of suburbs on the edge of Reading. An industrial estate is located in square 6783.Further east in square 7023 the CBD of Reading may be identified. The land use here is mainly commercial. </li></ul><ul><li>Describing words: </li></ul><ul><li>Features: farm hamlet village CBD inner city suburb industrial estate factories housing residential commercial agricultural communication </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns: dense sparse linear clustered central perimeter boundary </li></ul>
  6. 6. Map Skills <ul><li>Check that you know... </li></ul><ul><li>How to work out 4 and 6 figure grid references (crucial!)! </li></ul><ul><li>How to work out distance (straight and winding) </li></ul><ul><li>How to recognise hills valleys and flood plains from contours </li></ul><ul><li>How to draw cross-sections </li></ul><ul><li>The difference between latitude and longitude and Eastings and Northings </li></ul><ul><li>Tips </li></ul><ul><li>Use a ruler for drawing graphs </li></ul><ul><li>Check map scale, especially before calculating distance </li></ul><ul><li>When completing graphs check that you have followed the key </li></ul><ul><li>Annotate means adding detailed labels </li></ul><ul><li>Refer to named places and grid references when describing patterns </li></ul><ul><li>State the obvious first! </li></ul>

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