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Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence

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Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence

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History, current development
Mind–body problem
Other impacts on philosophy
Themes of practical ethics
Relationship between robot ethics and machine ethics

History, current development
Mind–body problem
Other impacts on philosophy
Themes of practical ethics
Relationship between robot ethics and machine ethics

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Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence

  1. 1. Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence A brief summary Juho Vaiste
  2. 2. History - Leibniz, Descartes - 1940’s: Turing’s work - 1956: Dartmouth Workshop defining the modern field of AI - 1959: McCarthy’s logical AI 1965: I. J. Good, superintelligence and intelligence explosion - 1969: The Ernst-Newell-Simon General Problem Solver - 1987: Machine ethics, "A Question of Responsibility" by Mitchell Waldrop
  3. 3. Current Probability to achieve human-level intelligence. Bostrom: Superintelligence.
  4. 4. Hype? Possibly not. - Breaking “the AI effect” in 2017 - What is developed, it is not considered AI anymore - Broad effect of digilization and AI/ML solutions - Funding and investments
  5. 5. Hype? Existence Proofs of AI Low-Level Appearances and Attributions Theorem Proving and Mathematical Discovery Game Playing Planning Robots Knowledge Representation (KR) Machine Learning (ML) Neural Networks and Connectionism Natural Language Processing (NLP)
  6. 6. -
  7. 7. Current development - Reinforcement learning: Mastering in GO without taught by human - Learning things not intended: strategical thinking, killing - Development of robotics - Consciousness robots - Dominance in mathematical reasoning - Creativity: art and encoding the creative processes - Computer vision - Natural language processing
  8. 8. Can a machine think? - Making moral decisions and actions - Feeling pain - Creating art and thinking strategically - Doing things not intended or planned - Replicating emotions - Approaching level where the only question is consciousness/qualia - Easy problems of consciousness (Chalmers)
  9. 9. Are they really thinking? -
  10. 10. Other impacts on philosophy - Metaphysics: The last battle against physicalism - Metaethics: A big data collection of rules, probabilities and choices - Social and political philosophy: economy, rights, meaning - Breakthroughs in philosophy by a superintelligent agent - Affecting quite a lot
  11. 11. My interest areas - Themes of practical ethics - Relationship between machine ethics and robot ethics - Critic towards relativistic idea of society, morality and humanity
  12. 12. Themes of practical ethics - Data centralization and privacy - Safety and security - Algorithms biases - Distribution of income - Effects on human life - The first 3: Ethical risks - The last 2: Choices we are going to make
  13. 13. Relationship between robot ethics and machine ethics - Robot ethics: How should we treat the robots? - Machine ethics: How we build ethical AI/robots? - Adding the concept of superintelligence - What kind of rights we will give to a species superior to us?
  14. 14. Critic towards relativistic idea of society, morality and humanity - Related to the last slide - Is there a reason to preserve a biological human being? - Building the next level of “the spirituality of humanity” - A construct I can’t explain yet - “Come out of the stage, there’s a philosophical symposium going on”
  15. 15. Discussion Ps. Searching for cofounders for aiethicist.com project Ping me later or @juhovaiste

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