Sherlock holmes thematic unit with 3 short stories


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Sherlock holmes thematic unit with 3 short stories

  2. 2. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT Sir Arthur Conan Doyle is the creator Sherlock Holmes, the best-known detective in literatureand the embodiment of scientific thinking. Doyle himself was not a good example of rationalpersonality: he believed in fairies and was interested in occultism. Sherlock Holmes stories havebeen translated into more than fifty languages, and made into plays, films, radio and television 2  
  3. 3. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT series, a musical comedy, a ballet, cartoons, comic books, and advertisement. By 1920 Doylewas one of the most highly paid writers in the world.Doyle was born on May 22, 1859 at Picardy Place, Edinburgh, as the son of Charles AltamontDoyle, a civil servant in the Edinburgh Office of Works, and Mary (Foley) Doyle. Both ofDoyles parents were Roman Catholics. His father suffered from epilepsy and alcoholism andwas eventually institutionalized. Charles Altamont died in an asylum in 1893. In the same yearDoyle decided to finish permanently the adventures of his master detective. Because of financialproblems, Doyles mother kept a boarding house. Dr. Tsukasa Kobayashi has suspected in anarticle, that Doyles mother had a long affair with Bryan Charles Waller, a lodger and a studentof pathology, who had a deep impact to Conan Doyle.Doyle was educated in Jesuit schools. He studied at Edinburgh University and in 1884 hemarried Louise Hawkins. Doyle qualified as doctor in 1885. After graduation Doyle practicedmedicine as an eye specialist at Southsea near Porsmouth in Hampshire until 1891 when hebecame a full time writer.First story about Holmes, A STUDY IN SCARLET, was published in 1887 in Beeton ChristmasAnnual.. The novel was written in three weeks in 1886. It introducedthe detective and his associate and friend, Dr. Watson, and made famous Holmess address atMrs. Hudsons house, 221B Baker Street, London. Their major opponent was the malevolentMoriarty, the classic evil genius who was a kind of doppelgänger of Holmes. Also the beautifulopera singer Irene Adler caused much trouble to Holmes.The second Sherlock Holmes story, THE SIGN OF FOUR, was written for the LippincottsMagazine in 1890. The story collects a colorful group of people together, among them JonathanSmall who has a wooden leg and a dwarf from Tonga islands. In the Strand Magazine started toappear The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.In 1893 Doyle was so wearied of his famous detective that he devised his death in the FinalProblem (published in the Strand). In the story Holmes meets Moriarty at the fall of theReichenbach in Switzerland and disappears. Watson finds a letter from Homes, stating "I havealready explained to you, however, that my career had in any case reached its crisis, and that nopossible conclusion to it could be more congenial to me than this."In THE HOUND OF BASKERVILLES (1902) Doyle narrated an early case of the deaddetective. The murder weapon in the story is an animal.He was knighted ("Sir Arthur") in 1902 for his work in Boer War propaganda (particularly thepamphlet The War in South Africa: Its Cause and Conduct) -- and, some said, because of thepublication of THE HOUND OF BASKERVILLES.Owing to public demand Doyle resurrected his popular hero in The Empty House (1903). 3  
  4. 4. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT "I moved my head to look at the cabinet behind me. When I turned again Sherlock Holmes wasstanding smiling at me across my study table. I rose to my feet, stared at him for some seconds inutter amazement, and then it appears that I must have fainted for the first and last time in mylife."In these later stories Holmes stops using cocaine. Sherlock Holmes short stories were collectedin five books. They first appeared in 1892 under the title THE ADVENTURES OF SHERLOCKHOLMES. The later were THE MEMOIRS OF SHERLOCK HOLMES (1894), THE RETURNOF SHERLOCK HOLMES (1904), HIS LAST BOW (1917), and THE CASEBOOK OFSHERLOCK HOLMES (1927).During the South African war (1899-1902) Doyle served for a few months as senior physician ata field hospital, and wrote THE WAR IN SOUTH AFRICA, in which he took the imperialisticview. In 1900 and 1906 he ran unsuccessfully for Parliament. Doyle was knighted in 1902.Fourteen months after his wife died, Conan Doyle married in 1907 his second wife, Jean Leckie.He dedicated himself in spiritualistic studies after the death of his son Kingsley from woundsincurred in World War I. An example of these is THE COMING OF FAIRIES, in which hesupported the existence of "little people" and spent more than a million dollars on their cause. Healso became president of several important spiritualist organizations.Conan Doyles other publications include plays, verse, memoirs, short stories, and severalhistorical novels and supernatural and speculative fiction. His stories of Professor GeorgeEdward Challenger in THE LOST WORLD and other adventures blended science fact withfantastic romance, and were very popular. The model for the professor was William Rutherford,Doyles teacher from Edinburgh. Doyles practice, and other experiences, seven months in theArctic as ships doctor on a whaler, and three on a steamer bound to the West Coast of Africa,provided material for his writings.Doyle died on July 7, 1930 from heart disease at his home, Windlesham, Sussex."My contention is that Sherlock Holmes is literature on a humble but not ignoble level, whereasthe mystery writers most in vogue now are not. The old stories are literature, not because of theconjuring tricks and the puzzles, not because of the lively melodrama, which they have incommon with many other detective stories, but the virtue of imagination and style. They arefairy-tales, as Conan Doyle intimated in his preface to his last collection, and they are among themost amusing of fairy-tales and not among the least distinguished." 4  
  5. 5. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT  Sherlock Holmes Short StoriesPredictions (during reading)1. What do you think the speckled band might be?2. What do you think was making the whistling sound?3. Do you think Sherlock Holmes will take the case?Why or why not?4. What do you think happened to Miss Stoner s sister? 1 The Speckled BandHelens StoryAt the time of this story, I was still living at my friend Sherlock Holmess flat in Baker Street inLondon. Very early one morning, a young woman, dressed in black, came to see us. She lookedtired and unhappy, and her face was very white. Im afraid! Afraid of death, Mr Holmes! shecried. Please help me! Im not thirty yet and look at my grey hair! Im so afraid! Very early one morning, a young woman, dressed in black, came to see us.Just sit down and tell us your story, said Holmes kindly. My name is Helen Stoner, she began,and I live with my stepfather, Dr Grimesby Roylott, near a village in the country. His family wasonce very rich, but they had no money when my stepfather was born. So he studied to be adoctor, and went out to India. He met and married my mother there, when my sister Julia and Iwere very young. Our father was dead, you see. Your mother had some money, perhaps? askedSherlock Holmes. Oh yes, mother had a lot of money, so my stepfather wasnt poor anymore.Tell me more about him, Miss Stoner, said Holmes. 5  
  6. 6. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT  Well, hes a violent man. In India he once got angry with his Indian servant and killedhim! He had to go to prison because of that, and then we all came back to England. Mother diedin an accident eight years ago. So my stepfather got all her money, but if Julia or I marry, hemust pay us £250 every year.And now you live with him in the country, said Holmes. Yes, but he stays at home and neversees anybody, Mr Holmes! answered Helen Stoner. Hes more and more violent now, andsometimes has fights with the people from the village. Everybodys afraid of him now, and theyrun away when they see him. And theyre also afraid of his Indian wild animals which run freelyaround the garden. A friend sends them to him from India. And the animals are not the only wildthings in the garden; there are also gipsies. My stepfather likes these wild people, and they cancome and go where they like. Poor Julia and I had very unhappy lives. We had no servants. Theyalways left because they were afraid of my stepfather, and we had to do all the work in thehouse. Julia was only thirty when she died, and her hair was already grey, like my hair now.When did she die? asked Sherlock Holmes. She died two years ago, and thats why Im here.We never met anybody in the country, but sometimes we visited some of my family who livenear London. There Julia met a young man who asked to marry her. My stepfather agreed, butsoon after this she died. Miss Stoner put her hand over her eyes and cried for a minute. SherlockHolmes was listening with his eyes closed, but now he opened them and looked at Helen Stoner.Tell me everything about her death, he said. I can remember it all very well. It was a terribletime! she answered. Our three bedrooms are all downstairs. First there is my stepfathers room.Julias room is next to his, and my room is next to Julias. The rooms all have windows on thegarden side of the house, and doors which open into the corridor. One evening our stepfather wassmoking his strong Indian cigarettes in his room. Julia couldnt sleep because she couldsmell them in her room, so she came into my room to talk to me. Before she went back to bed,she said to me, "Helen, have you ever heard a whistle in the middle of the night?" I wassurprised. "No," I said. "Its strange," she said. "Sometimes I hear a whistle,but I dont know where it comes from. Why dont you hear it?" I laughed and said, "I sleep betterthan you do." So Julia went to her room, and locked the door after her. Why did you lock yourdoors? asked Sherlock Holmes.We were afraid of the wild animals, and the gipsies, she answered. Please go on, said Holmes.I couldnt sleep that night. It was a very stormy night, with a lot of wind and rain. Suddenly Iheard a womans scream. It was my sisters voice. I ran into the corridor, and just then I heard awhistle, and a minute later the sound of falling metal. I didnt know what it was. I ran to mysisters door. She opened it and fell to the ground. Her face was white and afraid, and she wascrying, "Help me, help me, Helen, Im ill, Im dying!" I put my arms around her, and she criedout in a terrible voice: "Helen! Oh my God, Helen! It was the band! The speckled band!" Shewanted to say more, but she couldnt. I called my stepfather, who tried to help her, but we coulddo nothing 6  
  7. 7. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT    My sisters face was white and afraid, and she was cryingAnd so my dear, dear sister died.Are you sure about the whistle and the sound of falling metal? asked Holmes.I think so, answered Helen. But it was a very wild, stormy night. Perhaps I made a mistake. Thepolice couldnt understand why my sister died. Her door was locked and nobody could get intoher room. They didnt find any poison in her body. And what was "the speckled band"? Gypsieswear something like that round their necks. I think she died because she was so afraid, but I dontknow what she was afraid of. Perhaps it was the gypsies. What do you think, Mr. Holmes? 2 Holmes and Watson Visit the HouseHolmes went out for the morning, but he came back at lunch-time. We then went by train intothe country, and took a taxi to Dr Roylotts house. You see, said Holmes to me, our dangerousfriend Roylott needs the girls money, because he only has £750 a year from his dead wife. Ifound that out this morning. But the gipsies, the whistle, the band - they are more difficult tounderstand, but I think I have an answer. 7  
  8. 8. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT When we arrived, Helen Stoner showed us the three bedrooms. We saw her room first. Why arethey mending your bedroom wall? asked Holmes. Theres nothing wrong with it. Youre right,she said. I think it was a plan to move me into my sisters room. Yes, said Holmes. We wentinto Julias room, and Holmes looked at the windows carefully. Nobody could come in fromoutside, he said. Then he looked round the room. Why is that bell-rope there, just over the bed? My stepfather put it there two years ago. Its for calling a servant, but Julia and I never used itbecause Holmes thought for a minute. Hmm, he said. That is a difficult question. But please goon. That was two years ago, Helen Stoner said. I have been very lonely without my sister, but amonth ago a dear friend asked me to marry him. My stepfather has agreed, and so were going tomarry soon. But two days ago I had to move to my sisters old bedroom, because some men aremending my bedroom wall, and last night I heard that whistle again! I ran out of the houseimmediately and came to London to ask for your help. Please help me, Mr Holmes! I dont wantto die like Julia! We must move fast, said Holmes. If we go to your house today, can we look atthese rooms? But your stepfather must not know.Hes in London today, so he wont see you. Oh thank you, Mr Holmes, I feel better already.Please tell me! said Helen. She put her hand on Sherlock Holmess arm. I must find out morebefore I tell you, Miss Stoner. Now goodbye, and dont be afraid, replied Sherlock Holmes.We walked to the village, and Holmes said to me, Tonight will be dangerous, Watson. Roylott isa very violent man. But if I can help, Holmes, I shall come with you, I said. Thank you,Watson. Ill need your help. Did you see the bell-rope, and the air-vent? I knew about the air ventbefore we came. Of course there is a hole between the two rooms. That explains why Helenssister could smell Dr Roylotts cigarette. My dear Holmes! How clever of you! I cried. 8  
  9. 9. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT And did you see the bed? Its fixed to the floor. She cant move it. It must stay under the rope,which is near the air-vent. Holmes! I cried. I begin to understand! What a terrible crime!Yes, this doctor is a very clever man. But we can stop him, I think, Watson. 3 Death in the NightThat night we went back to the house. When we saw Helen Stoners light, Holmes and I got inquietly through the window. Then we waited silently in the middle bedroom in the dark. Wewaited for three hours and did not move. Suddenly we saw a light and heard a sound from DrRoylotts room. But nothing happened, and again we waited in the dark. Then there was anothersound, a very quiet sound . . . Immediately Holmes jumped up and hit the bell-rope hard. Canyou see it, Watson? he shouted. But I saw nothing. There was a quiet whistle. We both lookedup at the air-vent, and suddenly we heard a terrible cry in the next room. Then the house wassilent again. Immediately Holmes jumped up and hit the bell-rope hard. 9  
  10. 10. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT  Round his head was a strange, yellow speckled band. He was dead.What does it mean? I asked. My voice was shaking. Its finished, answered Holmes. Lets goand see. We went into Dr Roylotts room. The metal box was open. Roylott was sitting on achair, and his eyes were fixed on the air-vent. Round his head was a strange, yellow speckledband. He was dead. The band! The speckled band! said Holmes very quietly. The band movedand began to turn its head. Be careful, Watson! Its a snake, an Indian snake - and its poison can kill very quickly, Holmes cried. Roylott died immediately.We must put the snake back in its box. Very, very carefully, Holmes took the snake and threw itinto the metal box.But how did you know about the snake, Holmes? I asked. At first, Watson, I thought that it wasthe gipsies. But then I understood. I thought that perhaps something came through the air-vent,down the bell-rope and on to the bed. Then there was the milk - and of course, snakes drink milk.It was easy for the Doctor to get Indian animals. And because he was a doctor, he knew that thissnakes poison is difficult to find in a dead body. So every night he put the snake through the air-vent, and it went down the bell-rope on to the bed. Of course, nobody must see the snake, soevery night he whistled to call it back. The sound of metal falling was the door of the metal box,which was the snakes home. Perhaps the snake came through the air-vent many times before itkilled Julia. But in the end it killed her. And Helen, too, nearly died because of this snake. But tonight, when I hit the snake on the rope, it was angry and went back through the air-vent.And so it killed the Doctor. Im not sorry about that. Soon after this Helen Stoner married heryoung man and tried to forget the terrible deaths of her sister and stepfather. But she never reallyforgot the speckled band. 10  
  11. 11. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT After Reading: Answer the following questions:1. Name the characters of the story and what role do they play in the story?2. Why does Helen Stoner seek Holmes s help?3. Why did Dr. Roylott spend time in jail?4. According to Helen Stoner, what were the facts surrounding her sister s death?5. Why would Dr. Roylott have been opposed to his stepdaughters marrying?6. What peculiarities does Holmes find upon his inspection of the bedrooms?7. Why does Holmes want Miss Stoner to confine herself to her bedroom?8. How did Holmes know there would be a ventilator in the rooms?9. Why do you think Holmes said he will NOT feel much of about Roylotts death?10. What does Holmes think caused the metal clanging sound?11. What did Holmes notice about Julias bed?12. Why does Holmes not believe construction was needed on Helens room?13. What was wrapped around Roylotts neck when Holmes enters his room?14. Why did Holmes partially blame himself for Roylotts death?15. Where was the snake’s home?16. What is a speckled band according to the story?17. Where did the snake live?B. Select the best answer: Make a circle to the letter that best fits the answer1) What did Helen think Julias last words referred to? a. something she had eaten. b. a specter. c. Dr. Roylott. d. a gypsies garb.2) What made the whistling sound? (from Section 8) a. A penny whistle. b. Roylott. c. A tea kettle. d. A creaky hinge.3) Who does Holmes ask for an opinion on the case? 11  
  12. 12. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT  a. Watson. b. Helen. c. A local officer. d. His housekeeper.4) What does Helen have to do before she can return to the house? a. Speak with the police. b. Write a letter to her fiance. c. Buy herself a weapon. d. Run some errands.5) How does Helen feel when she hears that Roylott followed her to Holmess house? a. Angry. b. Horrified. c. Not surprised. d. Fearful.6) What was the whistling sound for? a. Sending the snake off. b. Rewarding the snake. c. Keeping the snake calm. d. Getting the snake to come back.7) What does Holmes say he will NOT feel much of about Roylotts death? a. Revenge. b. Happiness. c. Guilt. d. Disappointment.8) Who is the narrator of the story? a. Watson b. Sherlock Holmes c. Helen9) What does Holmes think caused the metal clanging sound? a. Some crawling in the air ducts. b. The bars in the chimney. 12  
  13. 13. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT  c. The shuttered window. d. A mechanical device.10) What did Holmes notice about Julias bed? a. It was made from two kinds of wood. b. It was oddly close to the window. c. It was cracked in the middle. d. It was clamped to the floor.11) Why does Holmes not believe construction was needed on Helens room? a. There are no workers there. b. The wall does not need repairs. c. The scaffolding is not set up correctly. d. Nothing has been moved out of the room.12) What is wrapped around Roylotts neck when Holmes enters his room? a. A snake. b. A scarf. c. A bandana. d. A noose.13) When does Roylott get home from the city? a. Dusk. b. Early afternoon. c. Dawn. d. Midnight.14) Where does Holmes go after hitting at the bell pull? a. Roylotts room. b. Down the hall. c. Out the window. d. Helens room.15) What kind of animal does Holmes ask about when he is looking at Roylotts room? a. A ferret. b A dog. c. A cat. 13  
  14. 14. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT  d. A monkey.16) Why did Holmes partially blame himself for Roylotts death? a. He did not tell the authorities when he knew what the danger was. b. He angered the snake. c. He did not warn Roylott. d. He did not kill the snake when he had the chance.WORDS WITH MORE THAN ONE MEANINGWhen you look for a word in a dictionary from a piece of writing or textbook, you mustlook for the meaning according to the meaning in the context. It is important to know thatin all languages some words have more than one meaning. When there are differentmeanings, each meaning will have a different number in the dictionary entry. See theentry for the adjective below daily (deli) adj.1. Of or occurring during the day. 2. Happening or done every day: the physicians daily rounds. 3. Computed or assessed for each day: a daily record. 4. Everyday: casual clothes only for daily use.C. Vocabulary Check: Look back at the text where the word is written Match the words to thedefinition. Write the correct letter on the lines. Use a dictionary if necessary._____1. gipsy a. fixing_____2. whistle b. a hole which is connected to a air-conditioning system_____3. air-vent c. a hollow metal musical instrument connected to a pole,_____4. bell-rope d. of a sympathetic, helpful, or benevolent nature:_____5. mending e. a person who moves from place to place_____6. kindly f. to produce a clear musical sound by forcing air through the teeth D. Subjects and VerbsUnderline the simple subject and the verb or verb phrase in each of the followingsentences. Remember that for commands or requests, the subject is an understoodyou.1. I have heard of you, Mr. Holmes.2. My stepfather offered no objection to the marriage.3. The windows of the three rooms open out upon the lawn.4. The wind was howling outside, and the rain was beating and splashing against the windows.5. I sprang from my bed and rushed into the corridor. 14  
  15. 15. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT 6. You have done wisely.7. She dropped her black veil over her face, and glided from the room.8. He stepped swiftly forward, seized the poker, and bent it into a curve with his huge brownhands.9. Lock yourself from him tonight.10. Now, Miss Stoner, we must leave you.11. The least sound would ruin our plans.12. Shall I ever forget that dreadful vigil?13. Did you observe anything very peculiar about that bed?14. His hand closed like a vice upon my wrist.15. My companion noiselessly closed the shutters, moved the lamp onto the table, and cast hiseyes round the room.E. Cognates are words that have similar pronunciations and spellings in both languages (Englishand Spanish), and frequently have the same meaning. There are thousands of cognates shared byEnglish and Spanish. Many of these are words with Latin or Greek origins and words that haveprefixes and suffixes derived from these ancient languagesExample: Destruction (English) Destrucción (Spanish)Look back at the stories and find 10 words that have similar meaning in Spanish1. ______________________ 6._______________________2._______________________ 7._______________________3._______________________ 8._______________________4________________________ 9._______________________5________________________ 10.______________________Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. TheArticles — a, an, and the — are adjectives. Examples • the tall professor - there might be many professors but to whom he is referring to is the tall professor. • the lugubrious lieutenant- not just any lieutenant but the lugubrious lieutenant • a solid commitment - not just any commitment but a solid commitment • a months pay - not just any pay but a month’s pay • a six-year-old child- not just any child but a six year old child • the unhappiest, richest man - not a rich man but the unhappiest richest manImportant to know: If a group of words containing a subject and verb acts as an adjective, it iscalled an Adjective Clause. Example: My sister, who is much older than I am, is an engineer. Ifan adjective clause is stripped of its subject and verb, the resulting modifier becomes anAdjective Phrase: Example: He is the man who is keeping my family in the poorhouse. 15  
  16. 16. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT F. Adjectives: Adjectives describe nouns by answering one of these three questions: What kindis it? How many are there? Which one is it? An adjective can be a single word, a phrase, or aclause. In the following sentences underline the adjective. The first one is done as an example:* Remember in English, most cases the adjectives come before the nouns.1. A young woman, dressed in black, came to see us. It answers which one is it._______________________________________________2. Im not thirty yet and look at my grey hair!_____________________________________________________________________3. Well, hes a violent man._____________________________________________________________________4. Theyre afraid of his Indian wild animals._____________________________________________________________________5. My stepfather likes these wild people._____________________________________________________________________6. It was a terrible time!_____________________________________________________________________7. One evening our stepfather was smoking his strong Indian cigarettes in his room._____________________________________________________________________8. It was a very stormy night._____________________________________________________________________9. My sisters yellow t shirt._____________________________________________________________________10. Julia was running over the red soggy field._____________________________________________________________________11. Julia saw the dark shadow of her black clothing beneath the surface of the water._____________________________________________________________________12. The lower part of his body was all sunk in the hideous cold element._____________________________________________________________________13. Roylott is a very violent man._____________________________________________________________________14. Holmes decided that the fuzzy green bread would make an unappetizing sandwich._____________________________________________________________________15. A friend with a fat wallet will never want for weekend shopping partners.______________________________________________________________________16. Holmes usually says a towel that is still warm from the dryer is more comforting than a hotfudge sundae._______________________________________________________________________17. We waited for three hours and did not move. 16  
  17. 17. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT _________________________________________________________________________18. What a terrible crime!_________________________________________________________________________19. This doctor is a clever man._________________________________________________________________________20. We waited silently in the middle bedroom._________________________________________________________________________In the following paragraph find and underline the adjectives:When we arrived, Helen Stoner showed us the three bedrooms. We saw her room first. Why arethey mending your bedroom wall? asked Holmes. Theres nothing wrong with it. Youre right,she said. I think it was a plan to move me into my sisters room. Yes, said Holmes. We wentinto Julias room, and Holmes looked at the windows carefully. Nobody could come in fromoutside, he said. Then he looked round the room. Why is that bell-rope there, just over the bed? My stepfather put it there two years ago. Its for calling a servant, but Julia and I never used itbecause Holmes thought for a minute. Hmm, he said. That is a difficult question. But please goon.Remember adjectives are words that describe or modifies a noun (person place or thing)whether they are possessive adjectives (my, your, his, his, her, its, our, theirs) Example Holmeslikes his work, pronouns or demonstrative adjectives( this, these, that and those) singular plural closer this these farther that thoseRemember: The demonstrative adjective is used directly in front of a noun - there is no article.Example this book, that book, these books, those booksPOSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES: Fill in the blanks with the possessive the following adjectives:my, your, his, his, her, its, our, theirs 1. Holmes and Watson bought a car for both, so they are going to travel in ___________car. 2. Roylott is cleaning ________________ teeth. 3. Julia is taking care of ____________ sister. 4. Watson, Is this ____________hamburger? 5. Holmes is working on _____________new investigation. 6. Please give the dog _______________bone now. 7. This is not only your home, it is _____________ home. 8. This is ______________ wallet, not yours. 17  
  18. 18. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT  A Scandal in Bohemia 1 The Kings MistakeFor Sherlock Holmes, there was only one woman in the world. He did not love her, because henever loved women. But after their meeting he never forgot her. Her name was Irene Adler.One night in March I visited my old friend at his home in Baker Street. I was married by now, soI did not often see him. Come in, Watson, he said. Sit down. Im happy to see you, because Ivegot something to show you. What do you think of this? It arrived in the last post. It was a letter, with no date, name or address. It said: Tonight someone will visit you, to talkabout some very secret business. You have helped other important people, and you can, we hope,help us. Be in your room at 7.45 p.m. The paper — what do you think about the paper? askedHolmes.I tried to think like Holmes. Its expensive, so this person is rich. Its strange paper. Yes, its notEnglish. If you look at it in the light, you can see that it was made in Bohemia. And aGerman, I think, wrote the letter. Ah, here comes our man now. We could hear the horses in thestreet. Shall I leave, Holmes? I asked. No, no, I need your help. This will be interesting, myfriend answered.There was a knock at the door. Come in! called Holmes. A tall, strong man came into the room.He was wearing expensive clothes and a mask over his face.You can call me Count von Kramm. I come from Bohemia, he said. My business is mostimportant. Before I tell you about it, do you agree to keep it a secret? I do, we said together.‘A very important person, who belongs to a royal family, has sent me to ask for your help, hewent on. I wear a mask because nobody must know who that person is. I must explain howimportant this business is. If you cannot help, there will be difficulty and trouble for one of themost important families in Europe — and perhaps a very big scandal. I am talking about thefamous House of Ormstein, Kings of Bohemia. I know, Your Majesty, said Holmes. He quietlysmoked his cigarette. The man jumped up from his chair, What! he cried. How do you knowwho I am? Then he pulled the mask off his face and threw it on the ground. You are right. Whydo I hide it? I am the King. I am Wilhelm von Ormstein, King of Bohemia. I came to see you 18  
  19. 19. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT  He was wearing expensive clothes, and a mask.myself because I could not ask another person to tell my story. It must be a secret. Youunderstand? Very well. Go on, said Holmes. He closed his eyes and listened.Five years ago I met a woman called Irene Adler. We . . . Ah, said Holmes, Irene Adler, bornin 1850, singer, lives in London, a very beautiful woman, I hear . . . He looked at the King. Youand she . . . You loved her, for a while, and then left her. But before you left her, you wrote hersome letters perhaps. And now you want to get these letters back.Thats right.Did you marry her?No.If she asks you for money and shows you the letters, you can say that you didnt write them. ButMr Holmes, she also has my photograph. You can say that you didnt give her a photograph.We were both in the photograph. Oh dear. That was a mistake, Your Majesty. I know. I wasstupid . . . but I was very young! You must get the photograph back. Can you steal it from herhouse? I have tried five times but my men couldnt find it. What can I do? Holmes laughed.This is very interesting. What does she plan to do with the photograph?Soon I am going to marry Clotilde Lothman von Saxe-Meningen, daughter of the King ofScandinavia. You know, of course, that we are two of the most important royal families inEurope. Clotilde will never marry me if she learns that I have been a . . . friend of Irene Adler.You do not know Irene Adler. Shes a beautiful woman, but she can be as hard as a man. She wasangry when I left her, and so she doesnt want me to marry another woman.I know that she will send this photograph to the Saxe-Meningen family, and then there will be aterrible scandal. We must find the photograph before she sends it! I am sure that we will find it,said Holmes. You are, of course, staying in London? I will write to you to tell you whathappens. And, the money . . .? 19  
  20. 20. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT The King put a large heavy bag on the table. I must have that photograph, he said. There is onethousand pounds here. If you need more, you must ask at once. The money is not important.And the young womans address? asked Holmes. Briony Lodge, Serpentine Avenue, St JohnsWood, London.Good night, Your Majesty, said Holmes. I hope to have some good news foryou soon. The King left, and Holmes turned to me. And good night, Watson. Please come backtomorrow at three oclock in the afternoon. 2 A Servant Finds OutWhen I arrived the next day, Holmes was not there, so I waited in his room. At four oclock thedoor opened, and a very strange servant came in. He wore old, dirty clothes, and I had to lookvery hard before I saw that it was my old friend. Holmes! I cried. Where have you been? Ivehad a very good day, he replied with a smile. Ive been outside Miss Irene Adlers house.Servants are always happy to talk, and so I have heard a lot about the young woman. Forexample, she has a good looking man friend called Godfrey Norton, a lawyer, who often visitsher. Now why? If hes her lawyer, perhaps shes already given him the photograph. But if heloves her, she wont show him the photograph. Most interesting, Holmes! I said. While I wasthere, Mr Norton himself suddenly arrived. I watched them through the windows. When he left,he jumped into a taxi. "To the church of St Monica, as fast as you can!" he shouted. Two minuteslater Miss Adler ran out of her house, jumped into another taxi and called, "To the church of StMonica, quickly!" I couldnt miss this, Watson, so I jumped into a third taxi. When I arrived, Iwent into the church. Godfrey Norton looked round and saw me. 20  
  21. 21. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT  And so I helped Godfrey Norton to marry Irene Adler."Thank God!" he shouted. "Come here quickly!" "Why?" I asked. "Come on, man, we needyou!" And so I helped Godfrey Norton to marry Irene Adler. They needed a witness, and aservant from the street was better than nobody. So shes married him! What shall we do now? Iasked. Well, tonight, my dear Watson, I need your help. Will you do what I ask? Withoutquestions? Of.course, Holmes, if you think that its important, I answered. Later, well go toBriony Lodge. Irene Adler, or Irene Norton, will arrive home at seven oclock, and she will askme to go into the house. You must wait outside near the sitting-room window, and when it opens,watch me inside. When I hold up my hand, throw this thing into the room and shout "Fire!" Itook the small thing out of his hand. What is it, Holmes? I asked. Its a smoke-stick. The roomwill very quickly be full of smoke. After that, wait for me at the corner of the street. Right, Illdo what you want, I said. 3 "Fire!"That evening Holmes again wore different clothes, and a large, black hat. But it was not just theclothes that were different. He changed his face, his hair everything. He was a different man.We walked together to Serpentine Avenue. Outside the house there were a lot of people whowere smoking, laughing and talking. Holmes and I walked up and down in front of the house.You see, said Holmes to me, I think she doesnt want her new husband to see the photograph.But where is it? At her bank? No. Women like to keep important things themselves. Im sure itsin her house. But the Kings men tried to find it! I said. Yes, but they didnt know where tolook! said Holmes. But how will you know? I asked. I wont look. Shell show me. Shell haveto. Just then a taxi arrived. One of the men in the street ran to open the door, then another manpushed him. Other men were also pushing and shouting, and a fight began. Irene Norton was inthe middle of it, but Sherlock Holmes ran to help her. Then suddenly he fell to the ground, withblood running down his face. Irene Norton hurried to her front door, but she looked back.Then Holmes fell to the ground, with blood running down his face.How kind of him to help me! Is the poor man hurt? she called. Hes dead, cried some voices.No, hes only hurt, cried others. Bring him into the sitting-room, she said. Some people carried 21  
  22. 22. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT Holmes into the house. I waited outside the window and watched. I saw how beautiful IreneNorton was. Then Holmes put up his hand, and I threw the smoke-stick into the room.Immediately the people in the street and in the house all began to shout "Fire!" very loudly. Thehouse was full of smoke. I walked away, and ten minutes later Holmes came to meet me. Welldone, Watson, he said. Have you got the photograph? I asked. I know where it is.She showed me, he answered. But why did she show you? Its easy, he said, and laughed. Yousaw all those people in the street? I paid them to help us. It wasnt a real fight and the bloodwasnt real. When people shout "Fire!", a woman runs to the most importantA young man hurried past us, and said: Good night, Mr. Sherlock Holmes. thing in her house,her baby, her gold, or ... a photograph. Mrs. Norton ran to find her photograph, which is in acupboard in the sitting-room. I saw it. But I did not take it. Tomorrow we will go to her housewith the King. Well go very early, before she gets up. The King himself can take the photographfrom the cupboard. And then well go. While Holmes was talking, we were walking home toBaker Street. When we arrived at my friends house, a young man hurried past us, and said:Good night, Mr Sherlock Holmes. Ive heard that voice before, said Holmes to me. He lookeddown the street. But who was it? 4 A PhotographThe next day we went to Irene Nortons house, with the King. An old servant opened the door.Mr Sherlock Holmes? she asked, and smiled. Yes, said my friend. He looked very surprised.Mrs Irene Norton and her husband left England this morning. They will never come back to thiscountry. What? cried Holmes, his face white and angry. And what about the photograph? criedthe King. We all hurried into the sitting-room. Holmes ran to the cupboard and opened it. Insidewas a photograph, Sherlock Holmes Short Stories not of Irene Adler and the King, but of thebeautiful Irene alone. There was also a letter for Sherlock Holmes. We all read it together. “My dear Mr Sherlock Holmes, You did it very well. I thought that it was a real fire, and that you were just a kind old man. But after I opened the cupboard, I began to think. I knew about the famous Sherlock Holmes. I knew your address, and I knew that the King asked you to find the photograph. So I quickly dressed as a young man and followed you home to Baker Street. I wanted to find out if you really were Sherlock Holmes. I said 22  
  23. 23. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT  good night to you outside your door! My husband and I have decided to leave England. Please tell the King that I shall not show the photograph to anybody. I love my husband and he loves me. And he is a better man than the King. But here is a different photograph. And the King can keep this photograph, if he likes”. Irene NortonWhat a woman! cried the King. Why didnt I marry her! What a woman!A very, very clever woman, said Sherlock Holmes coldly. I am sorry, Your Majesty, that thisbusiness has not finished well. No, no, said the King. She writes that she will never show thephotograph to anybody. I need nothing more than her word. I would like just one thing, Your Majesty. This photograph.There is no danger for me now. How can I thank you, dear Mr Holmes? I would like just onething, Your Majesty. Tell me at once what it is, said the King. This photograph. The Kinglooked at him in surprise. Irenes photograph? he cried. But of course. It is yours. And so therewas no terrible scandal in the royal families of Europe. And Sherlock Holmes still has thephotograph of the woman who was cleverer than he was.A. After Reading: Answer the following questions1. Who is the narrator of "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes"?2. In "A Scandal in Bohemia," what is Watsons relationship status?3. What is the address of Holmes apartment?4. In "A Scandal in Bohemia," how does Holmes know someone is going to pay him a visit? 23  
  24. 24. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT 5. In "A Scandal in Bohemia," what is unusual about the visitor who comes to Holmesapartment?6. In "A Scandal in Bohemia," what is the title of the visitor to Holmes apartment?7. What is Holmes client being blackmailed with in "A Scandal in Bohemia?"8. What is the name of the female in "A Scandal in Bohemia?"9. Write down what you think about Irene. Is it a surprise to you that the only person ever tobeat Holmes is a woman? Why/why not?B. What happened first? Put these sentences in order. ______There is a fight. ______People carry Holmes into Irene’s house. ______Irene Adler’s carriage arrives. ______Holmes finds out where the photo is. ______Holmes, who is dressed as a priest, goes to help Irene. ______Watson throws the smoke bomb and shouts ‘Fire!’An interjection can be a word or words that express a strong emotion in a sentence or show theemotion of the next sentence. These interjections are usually separated by some punctuation suchas an exclamation point (!) or a comma (,). We use a comma when the emotion isn?t reallystrong. C. InterjectionsEach of the following sentences contains an interjection. Circle it.1. “Ah,” said Holmes, “I can deduce all that remains.”2. “Oh, I am so frightened!”3. “Ha!” said Holmes, looking keenly at her.4. “Well, then, you know now.”5. “Hum! We will talk about that.”Find the interjections in the following sentences.1. Goodness! He listened to the mans story and reported it to the police immediately! ___________________2. Oh, I havent seen my brother since he left for college! ___________________3. Oops! I dropped the jelly. ___________________4. No! Dont touch that! ___________________5. Help! Im about to fall! ___________________ 24  
  25. 25. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT 6. The poor dear was, alas, destitute and hungry. ____________________7. Wait! Dont leave me behind in this cave! ____________________8. Ah, Ive heard that trick before. ___________________Remember adjectives are words that describe or modifies a noun (person place or thing)whether they are possessive adjectives (my, your, his, his, her, its, our, theirs) Example Holmeslikes his work, pronouns or demonstrative adjectives( this, these, that and those) singular plural closer this these farther that thoseRemember: The demonstrative adjective is used directly in front of a noun - there is no article.Example this book, that book, these books, those booksD. Read the following paragraph from the story above and find and underline the adjectiveWhen I arrived the next day, Holmes was not there, so I waited in his room. At four oclock thedoor opened, and a very strange servant came in. He wore old, dirty clothes, and I had to lookvery hard before I saw that it was my old friend. Holmes! I cried. Where have you been? Ivehad a very good day, he replied with a smile. Ive been outside Miss Irene Adlers house.Servants are always happy to talk, and so I have heard a lot about the young woman. Forexample, she has a good looking man friend called Godfrey Norton, a lawyer, who often visitsher. Now why? If hes her lawyer, perhaps shes already given him the photograph. But if heloves her, she wont show him the photograph. Most interesting, Holmes! I said. While I wasthere, Mr Norton himself suddenly arrived. I watched them through the windows. When he left,he jumped into a taxi. "To the church of St Monica, as fast as you can!" he shouted. Two minuteslater Miss Adler ran out of her house, jumped into another taxi and called, "To the church of StMonica, quickly!" I couldnt miss this, Watson, so I jumped into a third taxi. When I arrived, Iwent into the church. Godfrey Norton looked round and saw me. I showed him my keys andthese book near me. 25  
  26. 26. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT  The Five Orange Pips 1 The Story of Uncle EliasIn September 1887 my wife was visiting some of her family, so I was staying with my old friendSherlock Holmes in Baker Street. It was a windy, stormy evening, and the rain was fallingheavily outside. Suddenly there was a knock at the door. I looked at my friend in surprise. Whocan this be? I asked. If he comes on business in this weather, its important, said SherlockHolmes. Come in! he called. A young man came in. He looked wet, tired and worried. Ivecome to ask for help, he said. Ive heard of you, Mr Holmes. People say you know everything. Idont know what to do. Well, sit down, said Holmes, and tell me about yourself. The youngman sat down, and put his wet feet near the fire. My name is John Openshaw. My father, Joseph,had a brother, my uncle Elias, who went to live in America when he was young. He made a lot ofmoney there. He didnt like the black Americans, so during the Civil War he fought against themen from The Five Orange Pips 29 the North, and with those from the South. But when theSouth lost the war, and there was equality for black people, Uncle Elias left America.So in 1869 he came back to England and went to live in a large house in the country.He was a strange, unhappy man. He did not want any friends, John Openshaw went on, and heoften drank a lot. But he liked me, and when I was twelve, I moved to Uncle Eliass house. Hewas very kind to me. I could go anywhere in the house. But there was one small room at the topof the house which was always locked. Nobody could go into this room.One day Uncle Elias got a letter from Pondicherry in India. "I dont know anyone inPondicherry!" he said, but when he opened the envelope, five little orange pips fell on to hisplate. I began to laugh but stopped when I saw my uncles white face. "K.K.K.!" he cried. "Ohmy God, my God, theyve found me!" "What do you mean, uncle?" I asked. "Death!" he cried,and ran upstairs. I looked at the envelope, which had three Ks on the back. There was no letter.Who sent it? And why was my uncle so afraid? Uncle Elias went immediately to the secret roomand took out a box which also had three Ks on it. He burnt all the papers in the box, and said tome, "John, I know that Im going to die soon. My brother, your father, will have all my moneyand my house after my death, and you will have it all when he dies. I hope you can enjoy it, butif not, give it to your worst enemy. Im afraid that my money brings death with it.“‘I didnt understand what he meant, and nothing happened for a few weeks, so I did not feel soworried. But my uncle was very afraid. He stayed in his room most of the time, and drank morethan before. He always locked all the doors carefully. Then one night he drank very heavily andran wildly out of the house, and in the morning we found him dead in a river. The police said hekilled himself, but I knew he was afraid to die, so I didnt think that was true. Holmes stoppedthe young man for a minute. Tell me, he said. When did your uncle get the letter from India,and when did he die? The letter arrived on 10th March 1883, and he died seven weeks later,answered John Openshaw. Thank you. Please go on, said Holmes. After my uncles death, myfather moved into the house. Of course I asked him to look carefully at the locked room, but wedidnt find anything important. 2 26  
  27. 27. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT  More PipsEverything went well until a year later, said John Openshaw. But one morning my fatheropened a letter to find five orange pips inside it. "What does this mean, John?" he asked. His facewas white. What does this mean, John? my father asked."Look!" I said. "Theres K.K.K. on the envelope. Those letters were on Uncle Eliass envelopetoo!" We were both shaking and afraid. "Yes, and this time it says Put the papers in thegarden.""Which papers? The papers in Uncle Eliass box? He burnt them!" I said."And where has this letter come from?" my father said. He looked at the envelope. "Dundee,Scotland. Well, I dont know anything about pips or papers. Im not going to do anything.""Father, you must tell the police," I said. I remembered my uncles letter from India, and I wasvery worried."No, theyll laugh at me. Lets just forget about it," he replied. Three days later my poor fatherwent to visit an old friend who lived some miles away. But he never came back. The police saidthat he was walking home in the dark when he fell down a hill. He was badly hurt, and he diedsoon after. They decided it was an accident, but I didnt agree. I thought it was murder, and Icould not forget the five orange pips and the strange letters to my uncle and my father.But Ive tried to forget, and Ive lived alone in that house for nearly three years now. Thenyesterday I got this. The young man showed us an envelope with K.K.K.The Five Orange Pips 33 on the back, and five small orange pips. You see? he 27  
  28. 28. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT said. It comes from East London, and it says "Put the papers in the garden". Those are the wordsthat were in the letter to my father. So what did you do next? asked Holmes. Nothing,answeredOpenshaw. He put his head in his hands. I dont know what to do.Im afraid. Nothing? cried Holmes. Young man, you must do something fast. Youre in danger!Well, Ive talked to the police, said Openshaw unhappily. But they laughed at me. They thinkthat theres nothing to worry about. How stupid they are! cried Holmes. And why didnt youcome to me immediately? Your enemies have had almost two days to make a plan. Havent youfound anything which will help us?Well, I found this in the locked room, said John Openshaw. He showed us a small, half-burntpiece of paper. It was with my uncles papers. Its his writing. Look, it says: March 7th 1869 Sentthe pips to three people, Brown, Robinson and Williams. March 9th Brown left. March 10thWilliams left. March 12th Visited Robinson and finished business with him. Thank you, saidSherlock Holmes. And now you must hurry home. Put this paper into your uncles box, put in aletter which says that your uncle burnt all the other papers, and put the box outside in the garden.I hope your enemies will be happy with that, and then you wont be in danger any more. How areyou going home? By train from Waterloo station, replied Openshaw. Therell be a lot of peoplein the streets, so I think that youll be all right. But be careful. Thank you, Mr Holmes, saidOpenshaw. Ill do everything you say. He went out into the dark night, the wind and the rain. 3 K.K.K.Sherlock Holmes sat silently, and watched the fire. Then he said to me, John Openshaw is in realdanger. Why did his Uncle Elias have to leave America? Because he had enemies. When hecame back to England he was afraid. Thats why he lived a lonely life and locked all his doors socarefully. Now where did those letters come from? Did you see? The first from Pondicherry inIndia, the second from Dundee in Scotland and the third from East London, I answered.Does that tell you anything? asked Holmes. The Five Orange Pips 35 28  
  29. 29. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT  Sherlock Holmes sat silently, and watched the fire.Theyre all sea ports. The writer was on a ship when he wrote the letters, I replied. I was pleasedwith my answer.Very good, Watson, said Holmes. Somebody sent some pips from India, and arrived sevenweeks later to kill Uncle Elias. Then he sent some pips from Scotland and arrived three days laterto kill Johns father. Do you see why Im worried now? He has sent pips to John from London,Johns enemy is in London already!Good God, Holmes! I cried. Who is this man? More than one man, I think. They belong to theKu Klux Klan. That explains the "K.K.K.". Havent you ever heard of it? Its a very secret groupof Americans from the South. They wanted to stop equality for black people and to kill anyonewho didnt agree with them. The police couldnt stop them. But in 1869 Uncle Elias, whobelonged to this secret group, suddenly left America with all their papers, and so the group couldnot go on. Of course the group wanted to get the papers back. You remember the half-burntpaper?That was Uncle Eliass American diary. While he was working for the K.K.K., he sent the pips tofrighten those three men. Two left the country, but one didnt, so the K.K.K. "finished businesswith him", or killed him. The K.K.K. always worked like that. Well, I hope they wont killyoung Openshaw, I said. 4 The Last DeathsBut they did. The next morning we read in the newspaper that John Openshaw was dead. Apoliceman found him in the river near Waterloo station. The police said it was an accident, but 29  
  30. 30. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT Holmes was very angry about it. He came to me for help and those men murdered him! Imgoing to find them, if its the last thing I do! he said to me, and he hurried out of the house.In the evening, when he came back to Baker Street, he was tired, but pleased. Watson! he said, Iknow the names of Openshaws enemies! And now Im going to send them a surprise! This willfrighten them! He took five pips from an orange and put them in an envelope. We read in the newspaper that John Openshaw was dead.On it he wrote S.H. for J.C. Im sending the pips, not from the K.K.K., but from me, SherlockHolmes, to Captain James Calhoun. His ship is called the Star. He and his men are sailing backto Georgia, USA, now. How did you find him, Holmes? I asked. Ships papers, he said. Ivelooked at hundreds of them today. Only one ship, the Star, was in the three ports at the righttimes, and this morning the Star left London to sail back to Georgia. I found out that the captainand two of his men, all Americans, werent on the ship last night, so Im sure they killed poorJohn Openshaw. When they arrive in America, theyll get the pips and then the police will catchthem!Sherlock Holmes is a very clever detective, but he can do nothing about the weather. The winterstorms at sea that year were worse than ever, and so the Star never arrived in Georgia, andnobody saw the captain or his men again. The murderers of John Openshaw did not get the pips,but, in the end, death came to them.A. Select the best answer: In the following statements circle the answer that best fits thestatrement.1. In "The Five Orange Pips," what happens to the ship, the Lone Star? a. It is attacked by pirates. b. It is sunk at sea. c. It is lost at sea for three months. d. It is run aground just outside of England.2. Who receives the second letter. a. John. b. Elias. c. Joseph. d. James. 30  
  31. 31. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT 3. Why is Watson staying with Holmes? a. Watsons wife is out of town. b. Watson is getting a divorce. c. Holmes is lonely and asks Watson to come over. d. Watsons wife kicked him out.4. Where did John Openshaw’s uncle go when he was a young man? a. India b. America c. England d. Scotland5. What’s the relationship between John and his uncle? a. A rather close relationship b. A distant relationship c. An employer and employee relationship d. A teacher and student relationship6. What does KKK stand for? a. Kill Ku Klan b. Kiss Kick Kill c. Ku Klux Klan d. Kick Keep Kit7. Did Holmes save John in time? a. Yes b. No c. Not mentioned in the book d. No, he sent John to the police instead.8 Why were the KKK members after the Openshaw family? a. They wanted to turn over the current government and they needed to get a secret pass from John’s uncle. b. They wanted to start the organization again in London. c. They wanted to get the key to the attic from John. d. They wanted to get the papers from John’s uncle. 31  
  32. 32. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT  Adverbs: are traditionally defined as words that describe verbs. Adverbs answer any of the following questions about verbs how? when? where? why? Adverbs are words that modify • a verb (He drove slowly. — How did he drive?) • an adjective (He drove a very fast car. — How fast was his car?) • another adverb (She moved quite slowly down the aisle. — How slowly did she move?) As we will see, adverbs often tell when, where, why, or under what conditions something happens or happened. Adverbs frequently end in -ly; however, many words and phrases not ending in -ly serve an adverbial function and an -ly ending is not a guarantee that a word is an adverb. The words lovely, lonely, motherly, friendly, neighborly, for instance, are adjectives: That lovely woman lives in a friendly neighborhood. * Remember Adjectives describe or modifies nouns and adverbs describe or modifies verbsB. Adjectives and AdverbsIdentify the italicized words as either adjectives or adverbs.1. I called upon my friend, Mr. Sherlock Holmes, and found him in deep conversationwith an elderly gentleman with fiery red hair.2. “You could not possibly have come at a better time, my dear Watson,” he saidcordially.3. Perhaps, Mr. Wilson, you would kindly begin your narrative again.4. He was obese, pompous, and slow.5. A frayed top hat, and a faded brown overcoat with a wrinkled velvet collar lay on achair beside him.6. We live very quietly.7. Then suddenly the whole business came to an end.8. It is most refreshingly unusual.9. My limbs were weary and stiff.10. Then I made inquiries as to this mysterious assistant, and found that I had to dealwith one of the coolest and most daring criminals in London.Read before answering the following exerciseA preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. The word orphrase that the preposition introduces is called the object of the preposition.A preposition usually indicates the temporal, spatial or logical relationship of its object to the restof the sentence as in the following examples:The book is on the table.The book is beneath the table.The book is leaning against the table.The book is beside the table.She held the book over the table.She read the book during class.In each of the preceding sentences, a preposition locates the noun "book" in space or in time. 32  
  33. 33. JUDY FLORES THEMATIC UNIT A prepositional phrase is made up of the preposition, its object and any associated adjectives oradverbs. A prepositional phrase can function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. The mostcommon prepositions are "about, above, across, after, against, along, among, around, at,""before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, but, by, despite, down, during,except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, onto, out, outside, over, past, since,through, throughout, till, to, toward, under, underneath, until, up, upon, with, within, andwithout.Example: The children climbed the mountain without fear.In this sentence, the preposition "without" introduces the noun "fear." The prepositional phrase"without fear" functions as an adverb describing how the children climbed.C Prepositional PhrasesUnderline the prepositional phrases found in the following sentences taken from twoof Sherlock Holmes’ adventures.1. I called upon my friend, Mr. Sherlock Holmes, and found him in deep conversation.2. Mr. Wilson, my dear friend Dr. Watson has been my helper in many of my mostsuccessful cases.3. I have no doubt that he will be of the utmost use to me in yours also.4. In this instance the facts are, to the best of my belief, unique.5. There was nothing remarkable about the man except his blazing red head, and the6. Finally he returned to the pawnbroker’s, and, having thumped upon the pavement with hiswalking stick two or three times, he went up to the door and knocked7. I shall be at Baker Street at ten.8. Our cabs were dismissed, and, following Mr. Merry weather, we passed down a narrowpassage, and through a side door, which he opened for us.9. Mr. Merryweather perched on a crate, with an injured expression on his face, while Holmesfell upon his knees, and, with the lantern and magnifying lens, began to examine the cracksbetween the stones.10. Over the edge peeped a clean-cut boyish face, which looked keenly about it, and then with ahand on either side of the opening, drew itself up.11. I was so terrified that I rushed past him into my room.12. I could not live there longer without some advice.13. I was frightened of the house, of the man, of the woman, of the servants, even of the child.14. They were all horrible to me.15. I put on my hat and cloak, went down to the office, which is about half a mile fromthe house, and then returned, feeling very much easier.16. I slipped back into the house in safety, and lay awake half the night in my joy at the thoughtof seeing you.17. We shall be at the Copper Beeches by seven o’clock.18. If you could send her into the cellar, on some errand, and then turn the key upon her, youwould facilitate matters immensely.19. We shall then look thoroughly into the affair.20. We passed up the stair, unlocked the door, followed on down a passage, and found ourselvesin front of the barricade which Miss Hunter had described. 33