Assignment 3: CAM SAMC
Judy Ibelgauptiene, 12 Francis
- Establishing shot
- Wide shot
- Long shot
- Mid/Medium shot
- Close up shot
- Extreme close up shot
- POV (Point of view)
- Over the shoulder shot
- Two shot
- Overhead shot
An establishing shot is a shot which allows us to see the setting of the
It is used usually at the beginning of a scene to show the audience where
the story has been set.
This shot shows us where all the action is happening.
A wide shot is similar to a panoramic photo.
Its purpose is to show us the whole scene and the
variety of things happening within it.
The purpose of a long shot is to show the whole
body of a character or object. The main focus of
this shot is on the character as they are the most
important thing in the photo.
Medium shots are usually a framing of a characters torso.
(Head to torso but sometimes could be torso and legs). There purpose is to show some
action. E.g.; talking .
Close up shot
A close up shot is the framing of a particular part of a character’s body (for
example: face, hand etc) or a specific object in the scene.
The purpose is to see something more clearly.
Extreme close up
An extreme close up is magnifying a
certain part of the face or body to
show extreme detail.
The purpose of an extreme close up is
to give a dramatic effect.
POV (Point Of View)
The POV shot shows the view from the
This is used to make the audience feel like
they are witnessing what the character is
and to sometimes to feel sympathy for the
Over the shoulder shot
This is a shot taken from the perspective of someone's
shoulder to show something or someone. The back of
the persons head and shoulder usually take up most
of the photo. The person facing the camera should
usually occupies 1/3 of the frame. This shot is
commonly used when two characters are talking.
However depending on the purpose of the shot the
character facing the camera could occupy more or less
of the frame.
A two shot is a shot of two people
which shows a relationship between
the two characters.
They don’t always have to be human.
An overhead shot is like a
birds eye view. The
distance from the
character or object can
It’s a shot where the
camera is placed above
the character or object to
show what they are doing.
A high angle is an angle that is taken above the character or object to
often make them look small and vulnerable.
A low angle is when the camera is
placed down low to look up at the
character or object.
This makes the subject look more
powerful and dominant.
This is where the camera is purposely placed on a
tilted angle so that the horizon is on an angle.
The purpose is to create an interesting effect.
It can also be used to disorientate the audience.
- Reverse zoom
A pan movement is when the camera moves
from left to right or right to left on a pivot.
The camera is placed on a tripod so that the
movement is smooth and not shaky.
The purpose of a pan movement is to reveal
more information about the setting.
1 2 3
The tilt is the movement of the camera moving vertically.
The purpose of the tilt is to reveal information about the
setting, object or character. It is also commonly used to show
the outfit a character is wearing.
1 2 3
Tracking is the movement of the
camera moving from side to side
in a straight line. It is often used
to film a character moving.
The zoom movement is when the camera zooms towards an object
or character to reveal detail.
Reverse zoom is the opposite of zooming. It is zooming out from an
object or character to show the bigger picture or setting.
This is when the camera moves in and out or
backwards and forwards from a character or an
The purpose of this camera movement is to dramatize
Symmetry balance is when the frame is equally balanced
on both sides.
Its purpose is to show normality and organisation.
Asymmetry balance is when the frame is unbalanced on
both sides. Both sides look different from each other.
It is often used to show disorder.
Rule of thirds
This is where the frame is divided into 9 equal shots. This also
acts as a guide when framing the image.
The main focus/focus’ of the image should be placed where the
lines cross. As this creates more tension and interest in the
This is where a certain object in the photo has
all the focus upon it, and the rest of the photo
is out of focus.
This is used to emphasise the importance of
that character or object.
This is the opposite of a shallow focus. Everything in the
photo is in focus.
Focus pulls is when the focus changes from one subject to