Curriculum

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Curriculm definition Nature and Concept

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Curriculum

  1. 1. Nature, Concepts andNature, Concepts and Purposes of CurriculumPurposes of Curriculum By: Judiline AnievasBy: Judiline Anievas CTP Batch 8CTP Batch 8
  2. 2. OutlineOutline I.I. Curriculum DefinitionCurriculum Definition II.II. Teaching as a Process in curriculumTeaching as a Process in curriculum III.III. Learning as a Process in curriculumLearning as a Process in curriculum IV.IV. Ways of LearningWays of Learning V.V. Events of LearningEvents of Learning VI.VI. Ways of LearningWays of Learning VII.VII. Teaching and Learning Go togetherTeaching and Learning Go together
  3. 3. CurriculumCurriculum The term curriculum refers toThe term curriculum refers to the lessons and academicthe lessons and academic content taught in a school or incontent taught in a school or in a specific course or programa specific course or program
  4. 4. Curriculum – is the “what” of teachingCurriculum – is the “what” of teaching Preparing for the duties of teachingPreparing for the duties of teaching  - the listings of subjects to be- the listings of subjects to be taught in school.taught in school. Selecting learning resources andSelecting learning resources and classroom procedures, evaluatingclassroom procedures, evaluating progresss learning experiences based onprogresss learning experiences based on the needs of the learners.the needs of the learners.
  5. 5. Teaching – Learning ProcessesTeaching – Learning Processes and Curriculum Developmentand Curriculum Development **** Teaching LearningCurriculum Development
  6. 6. Curriculum is a Total LearningCurriculum is a Total Learning ExperienceExperience The different planned and UnplannedThe different planned and Unplanned Activities acted by the learners with theActivities acted by the learners with the guidance of the teachersguidance of the teachers Lessons, assignments and materials usedLessons, assignments and materials used to teach a particular course.to teach a particular course.
  7. 7. Teaching as a Process in CurriculumTeaching as a Process in Curriculum Plan  Implement Evaluate Feedback and Reflections
  8. 8. Well-planned and activities should beWell-planned and activities should be interrelated to each otherinterrelated to each other
  9. 9. Learning experiences that ensuresLearning experiences that ensures understanding, application andunderstanding, application and critical thinkingcritical thinking
  10. 10. List down any activity or lesson inList down any activity or lesson in school that has been unforgettableschool that has been unforgettable to you and why.to you and why. Provide some guides in the processProvide some guides in the process of good teaching.of good teaching.
  11. 11. Indicators/Guides in the process ofIndicators/Guides in the process of Good TeachingGood Teaching Based on the theories of learning (e.gBased on the theories of learning (e.g Cognitivist Theory – Piaget, Identity TheoryCognitivist Theory – Piaget, Identity Theory –Erikson’s, Miscellaneous – Gardners M. I.)–Erikson’s, Miscellaneous – Gardners M. I.)
  12. 12.  -- Learners areLearners are stimulated to thinkstimulated to think and reasonand reason  Utilizes prior learningUtilizes prior learning and it’s application toand it’s application to new situationsnew situations  Embeds a soundEmbeds a sound evaluation processevaluation process
  13. 13. Learning as a ProcessLearning as a Process CurriculumCurriculum
  14. 14. Learning as a Process in CurriculumLearning as a Process in Curriculum - A change in individual’s behavior caused- A change in individual’s behavior caused by self experiences or self’s activity.by self experiences or self’s activity.
  15. 15. To teach is to make someone toTo teach is to make someone to Learn”Learn” What is Learning? When do we say someone has learned?
  16. 16. Ways of LearningWays of Learning Intentional and Untentional learningIntentional and Untentional learning Principal types of Learning Theories:Principal types of Learning Theories: - Behavioral learning – observable learning- Behavioral learning – observable learning behaviors, new skills, knowledge orbehaviors, new skills, knowledge or attitudes which can be demonstrated.attitudes which can be demonstrated. ““If an individual has changed, he hasIf an individual has changed, he has learned” according a group of theories:learned” according a group of theories: Skinner, Bandura,Pavlov.Skinner, Bandura,Pavlov.
  17. 17. Events of Learning by Robert GagneEvents of Learning by Robert Gagne  Motivation phaseMotivation phase  ApprehendingApprehending PhasePhase
  18. 18. Events of Learning by Robert GagneEvents of Learning by Robert Gagne  Acquisition phase –Acquisition phase – learner transforms information intolearner transforms information into meaningful forms.meaningful forms.  5.Retention phase5.Retention phase –– newly acquired information must benewly acquired information must be transferred from short term to long termtransferred from short term to long term memorymemory..
  19. 19. 6.6. Recall PhaseRecall Phase – recalls previos learned information.– recalls previos learned information.  77.. GeneralizationGeneralization –– Transfer of Information to newTransfer of Information to new situations allows transformation of the learnersituations allows transformation of the learner information.information.  8.8. Feedback phaseFeedback phase – students should receive feedback– students should receive feedback on their performance.on their performance.
  20. 20. Teaching and Learning go TogetherTeaching and Learning go Together How does teaching and learningHow does teaching and learning connect to each other?connect to each other? ““ One process cannot succeed withoutOne process cannot succeed without the success or support of the other”the success or support of the other” Who should be in the center of theWho should be in the center of the teaching process?teaching process?
  21. 21. While the teacher teaches, he orWhile the teacher teaches, he or she also learns the process. Onshe also learns the process. On the other hand, as the studentsthe other hand, as the students learn, they are also teachinglearn, they are also teaching themselves to learn.themselves to learn.
  22. 22. Ways of LearningWays of Learning Learning by trial and errorLearning by trial and error Learning by conditioningLearning by conditioning Learning by InsightLearning by Insight Learning by observation and imitationLearning by observation and imitation through modelingthrough modeling
  23. 23. Teaching and Learning in theTeaching and Learning in the CurriculumCurriculum Teaching and learning gives life andTeaching and learning gives life and meaning to the curriculum.meaning to the curriculum. Each complement and supplement eachEach complement and supplement each otherother Thus, a good curriculum can be judged byThus, a good curriculum can be judged by the kind of teaching and the quality ofthe kind of teaching and the quality of learning derived from it.learning derived from it.

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