Classification of animals

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Classification of animals

  1. 1. Classification Grouping & Identifying Living Things This Powerpoint is hosted on www.worldofteaching.com Please visit for 100’s more free powerpoints
  2. 2. Why classify? <ul><li>Think of three examples where we group things. </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we group these things? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Classifying Living Things <ul><li>We put livings things into two large groups: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plants </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Animals <ul><li>Animals are spilt into two major groups: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vertebrates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invertebrates </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Vertebrates <ul><li>These are animals with a backbone. </li></ul><ul><li>There are five groups of vertebrates: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amphibians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Birds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mammals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reptiles </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Amphibians <ul><li>Have moist skin </li></ul><ul><li>Lay jelly coated eggs in water </li></ul><ul><li>Lives on land and water </li></ul>
  7. 7. Birds <ul><li>Have feathers and hollow bones </li></ul><ul><li>Lay hard shelled eggs </li></ul><ul><li>Warm blooded </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fish <ul><li>Have wet scales </li></ul><ul><li>Lays eggs in water </li></ul><ul><li>Lives in water </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mammals <ul><li>Have hair and produce milk </li></ul><ul><li>Give birth to live offspring (no eggs) </li></ul><ul><li>Warm blooded </li></ul>
  10. 10. Reptiles <ul><li>Have dry scales </li></ul><ul><li>Lay leathery shelled eggs </li></ul><ul><li>Cold blooded </li></ul>
  11. 11. Summary of Vertebrates
  12. 12. Invertebrates <ul><li>These are animals without a backbone </li></ul><ul><li>There are eight groups of invertebrates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Molluscs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flatworms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annelids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roundworms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sponges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Echinoderms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cnidarians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arthropods </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Molluscs <ul><li>Crawl on a single fleshy pad. </li></ul><ul><li>Can have a shell </li></ul>
  14. 14. Flatworms <ul><li>Have flat worm like bodies </li></ul>
  15. 15. Annelids <ul><li>Have round worm like bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Have bodies divided into segments </li></ul>
  16. 16. Roundworms <ul><li>Have long thin round worm like bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Have bodies with no segments </li></ul>
  17. 17. Sponges <ul><li>Have bodies made of loosely joined cells </li></ul>
  18. 18. Echinoderms <ul><li>Have bodies divided into five parts </li></ul><ul><li>Have spiny outer covering </li></ul>
  19. 19. Cnidarians <ul><li>Have thin sack like bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Have tentacles </li></ul>
  20. 20. Arthropods <ul><li>Have lots of legs and segmented bodies. </li></ul><ul><li>There are four group of arthropods: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arachnids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Centipedes & Millipedes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crustaceans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insects </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Arthropods - Arachnid <ul><li>Have four pairs of legs. </li></ul><ul><li>Have bodies divided into two sections </li></ul>
  22. 22. Arthropods – Centipedes & Millipedes <ul><li>Have long thin bodies and pairs of legs on each of their many body sections </li></ul>
  23. 23. Arthropods - Crustacean <ul><li>Have five-seven pairs of legs </li></ul><ul><li>First pair often used as pincers </li></ul><ul><li>Bodies covered in shell </li></ul>
  24. 24. Arthropods - Insects <ul><li>Have three pairs of legs </li></ul><ul><li>Bodies divided into three sections </li></ul><ul><li>Often have wings </li></ul>

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