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Diabetes Mellitus: What You Need To Know


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Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disorder identified by high levels of sugar in the blood.

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Diabetes Mellitus: What You Need To Know

  1. 1. Diabetes Its Causes, Symptoms, And ManagementDiabetes Page 1
  2. 2. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease identified by disproportionate levels ofsugar in the systemic circulation. It has two types, namely, type 1 diabetes isbrought about by the absence of insulin-manufacturing cells in the pancreas,which in turn results in insulin deficiency, and type 2 diabetes that is broughtabout by insulin resistance or cellular inability to make use of insulin. The numberof cases of diabetes is growing quickly in all parts of the world, but most notablyin developed countries. As of 2010, roughly 285 million individuals around theworld have diabetes, with Type 2 DM making up 9 out of 10 of these cases. It isestimated that by 2030, this number will increase to more than double.What causes diabetes?Type 1 diabetesThis variant of diabetes is partially genetic, and it often manifests after aninfection. In type 1 DM, the persons immune system attacks and destroys insulin- producing cells, leaving the body devoid of or with only little insulin. This form of diabetes is not brought about by lifestyle, and it can occur as early as childhood. Type 2 diabetes This type of diabetes is a disease of affluence, and it is strongly associated with obesity, but not all type 2 DM sufferers are overweight. Genetics canalso contribute to type 2 diabetes, and environmental factors triggers thispredisposition. Specific disorders, polycystic ovary syndrome for example, andsome medicines, like glucocorticoids, can increase the risk for diabetes.Diabetes Page 2
  3. 3. Symptoms of diabetesBoth forms of diabetes can show identical signs and symptoms. Diabetics oftenexperience increased thirst and consequently frequent urination, intense hungerpangs and easy fatigability because of cellular starvation, and recurring infections.Unexplained weight loss may also be encountered, but not all the time. Badlymanaged diabetes can also cause micro vascular changes, which can lead to visionchanges, delayed wound healing especially in the legs, and reduced sensation inthe hands and feet, which increases their chance of being wounded without themknowing. For more information about Diabetes click here, treatmentCurrently, there are no proven cures yetfor diabetes, but it can be managedeffectively and complications can beprevented by means of medicines, suchas insulin and oral hypoglycemic, andlifestyle modifications, specificallyhealthy eating and raising physicalactivity. Blood sugar monitoring andperiodic check-ups with a doctor are also necessary to check the effectiveness ofdisease management as well ensure the early detection of complications. Fordiabetes that is tough to control, a pancreas transplant is also an option, but onlyutilized as a last resort. It is also vital that you give up smoking and limit alcoholconsumption because these can hasten the development of complications.Diabetes Page 3