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Branches of Science
UNIT ONE, LESSON 1.2
BY MARGIELENE D. JUDAN
LESSON OUTLINE
Introduction
Social Sciences
Formal Sciences
Natural Sciences
Pure Science (Physical and Biological Sc...
Science is the study of the universe.
The study of science ranges from the
largest (universe) to the tiniest (particles).
Science has three major branches:
1.Social Sciences
2.Formal Sciences
3.Natural Sciences*
*We will focus our study on
natu...
1. Social Sciences
Object of study: Society
It focuses primarily on
the study of people
history and culture.
1. Social Sciences (examples)
Anthropology
Archaeology
Business
Administration
Communication
Criminology
Economics
...
2. Formal Sciences
Object of study: Formal
Systems (rules, definitions)
It serves as a “tool” for all
sciences.
It is c...
2. Formal Sciences (examples)
Logic
Mathematics
Theoretical Computer Science
Information Theory
Systems Theory
Decis...
3. Natural Sciences
Object of study:
Natural World
It tries to understand
the natural world.
Two Divisions of Natural Sciences
Pure Science
Applied Science
PURE SCIENCE
Science to uncover
new information
about the world
(basic research)
The study of science
alone, for knowled...
PURE SCIENCE includes
Physics
Chemistry
Earth Science
Biology
Mathematics
APPLIED SCIENCE
Uses the discoveries
of pure science to
create practical
solutions to existing
problems
Also known as
“t...
APPLIED SCIENCE includes
Technology
Medicine
Electronics
Environmental Science
Computer Science
Engineering
Compare this to the previous
picture.
They are all related to each
other.
Some are the applications of the
other.
Notice that Mathematics is the tool to all
sciences.
Pure vs. Applied Science
Pure science addresses basic
questions.
Supports applied science.
Restricted to abstract or
th...
Examples of Pure Science
1. Scientists study human vision to learn how the eye works.
2. Students look through a microscop...
Examples of Applied Science
1. Scientists invent motion pictures, eye glasses, and contact lenses.
2. Pharmacologists make...
DIVISIONS OF PURE SCIENCE
Biological Science – study of living things
Physical Science – study of non-living things
BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE
Study of living things
Biological Sciences Overlapping Sciences
Zoology Biochemistry
Botany Biophysics...
PHYSICAL SCIENCE
Study of non-living things
Physics Chemistry Earth Sciences Overlapping Sciences
Kinetics Analytical Che...
Physics
Science that deals with matter and energy and
the interactions between them. Physics
Kinetics
Nuclear Physics
Qua...
Chemistry
Science that deals with
matter, its composition,
structure and
properties, the changes
it undergoes, and the
en...
Earth Science
Study of Earth and its composition,
processes, and properties. Earth Sciences
Astronomy
Geology
Hydrology
M...
Foreign Scientist of the Week!
Aristotle (384-322 BC)
Aristotle (384-322 BC)
Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle was
born circa 384 B.C. in Stagira, Greece.
When he turned 17, ...
Aristotle (384-322 BC)
He was the foremost natural
philosopher in the ancient world.
He laid the foundation of modern
scie...
Activity Time!
Activity (1/2 sheet of paper):
I. Classify whether it is a pure (PS) or applied
(AS) science.
1. Scientists look for new f...
Activity (1/2 sheet of paper):
I. Classify whether it is a pure (PS) or applied
(AS) science.
8. Doctor gives you a medica...
Activity (1/2 sheet of paper):
II. Classify as living (L) or non-living (NL)
thing.
1. Rock
2. Flower
3. People
4. Statue
...
I. Answers:
1. Scientists look for new forms of matter. (PS)
2. Physicists test the Big Bang Theory. (PS)
3. Plant biologi...
I. Answers:
8. Doctor gives you a medical prescription. (AS)
9. Students study medicine. (AS)
10.A vendor gives a change o...
1. Rock (NL)
2. Flower (L)
3. People (L)
4. Statue (NL)
5. Robot (NL)
6. Bacteria (L)
7. Soil (NL)
8. Egg Cell (L)
9. Atom...
Refer to p.9 of your book. Give a short description
each of the following fields in the table.
Ex. Zoology – the study of ...
Sources:
Science Links 7
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Branches_of_science
http://vonscience.blogspot.com/2005/08/pure-...
Unit 1, Lesson 1.2 - Branches of Science
Unit 1, Lesson 1.2 - Branches of Science
Unit 1, Lesson 1.2 - Branches of Science
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Unit 1, Lesson 1.2 - Branches of Science

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Unit 1, Lesson 1.2 - Branches of Science

Lesson Outline:
1. Introduction
2. Social Sciences
3. Formal Sciences
4. Natural Sciences
5. Pure Science (Physical and Biological Sciences)
6. Applied Science (Technology)
7. Feature: Foreign Scientist of the Week!

Published in: Science
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Unit 1, Lesson 1.2 - Branches of Science

  1. 1. Branches of Science UNIT ONE, LESSON 1.2 BY MARGIELENE D. JUDAN
  2. 2. LESSON OUTLINE Introduction Social Sciences Formal Sciences Natural Sciences Pure Science (Physical and Biological Sciences) Applied Science (Technology) Feature: Foreign Scientist of the Week!
  3. 3. Science is the study of the universe.
  4. 4. The study of science ranges from the largest (universe) to the tiniest (particles).
  5. 5. Science has three major branches: 1.Social Sciences 2.Formal Sciences 3.Natural Sciences* *We will focus our study on natural sciences.
  6. 6. 1. Social Sciences Object of study: Society It focuses primarily on the study of people history and culture.
  7. 7. 1. Social Sciences (examples) Anthropology Archaeology Business Administration Communication Criminology Economics Education Government Linguistics International Relations Political Science Psychology Sociology Geography History Law
  8. 8. 2. Formal Sciences Object of study: Formal Systems (rules, definitions) It serves as a “tool” for all sciences. It is concerned with properties of formal systems based on definitions and rules
  9. 9. 2. Formal Sciences (examples) Logic Mathematics Theoretical Computer Science Information Theory Systems Theory Decision Theory Statistics Linguistics
  10. 10. 3. Natural Sciences Object of study: Natural World It tries to understand the natural world.
  11. 11. Two Divisions of Natural Sciences Pure Science Applied Science
  12. 12. PURE SCIENCE Science to uncover new information about the world (basic research) The study of science alone, for knowledge purposes only.
  13. 13. PURE SCIENCE includes Physics Chemistry Earth Science Biology Mathematics
  14. 14. APPLIED SCIENCE Uses the discoveries of pure science to create practical solutions to existing problems Also known as “technology”
  15. 15. APPLIED SCIENCE includes Technology Medicine Electronics Environmental Science Computer Science Engineering
  16. 16. Compare this to the previous picture.
  17. 17. They are all related to each other.
  18. 18. Some are the applications of the other.
  19. 19. Notice that Mathematics is the tool to all sciences.
  20. 20. Pure vs. Applied Science Pure science addresses basic questions. Supports applied science. Restricted to abstract or theoretical concepts. For knowledge and research purposes. Applied science solves specific problems. Suggests questions for pure science. Used in actual practice or to solve practical problems. For problem solving purposes. Often referred to as “technology”.
  21. 21. Examples of Pure Science 1. Scientists study human vision to learn how the eye works. 2. Students look through a microscope to see what’s inside a cell. 3. A biologist is experimenting on a plant’s reaction to lack of sunlight. 4. Anatomy, Cell Biology, Botany, Physics, Chemistry, Earth Sciences are all pure sciences.
  22. 22. Examples of Applied Science 1. Scientists invent motion pictures, eye glasses, and contact lenses. 2. Pharmacologists make and manufacture drugs and medicines. 3. Engineers create bridges and tall buildings. 4. Medicine, Computer Science, Engineering, Robotics and Technology are all applied sciences.
  23. 23. DIVISIONS OF PURE SCIENCE Biological Science – study of living things Physical Science – study of non-living things
  24. 24. BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE Study of living things Biological Sciences Overlapping Sciences Zoology Biochemistry Botany Biophysics Physiology Paleontology Anatomy Astrobiology Histology Human Kinetics Cytology Ecology Genetics Agricultural Chemistry Taxonomy Agriculture
  25. 25. PHYSICAL SCIENCE Study of non-living things Physics Chemistry Earth Sciences Overlapping Sciences Kinetics Analytical Chemistry Astronomy Astrophysics Nuclear Physics Inorganic Chemistry Geology Atmospheric Chemistry Quantum Mechanics Nuclear Chemistry Hydrology Geochemistry Aeronautics Organic Chemistry Meteorology Physical Chemistry Solid State Physics Qualitative Chemistry Oceanography Physical Geology Theoretical Physics Quantitative Chemistry Seismology Soil Chemistry Thermodynamics Soil Science Mechanics Volcanology
  26. 26. Physics Science that deals with matter and energy and the interactions between them. Physics Kinetics Nuclear Physics Quantum Mechanics Aeronautics Solid State Physics Theoretical Physics Thermodynamics Mechanics
  27. 27. Chemistry Science that deals with matter, its composition, structure and properties, the changes it undergoes, and the energy accompanying the changes between them. Chemistry Analytical Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry Nuclear Chemistry Organic Chemistry Qualitative Chemistry Quantitative Chemistry
  28. 28. Earth Science Study of Earth and its composition, processes, and properties. Earth Sciences Astronomy Geology Hydrology Meteorology Oceanography Seismology Soil Science Volcanology
  29. 29. Foreign Scientist of the Week!
  30. 30. Aristotle (384-322 BC)
  31. 31. Aristotle (384-322 BC) Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle was born circa 384 B.C. in Stagira, Greece. When he turned 17, he enrolled in Plato’s Academy. In 338, he began tutoring Alexander the Great. In 335, Aristotle founded his own school, the Lyceum, in Athens, where he spent most of the rest of his life studying, teaching and writing. Aristotle died in 322 B.C., after he left Athens and fled to Chalcis.
  32. 32. Aristotle (384-322 BC) He was the foremost natural philosopher in the ancient world. He laid the foundation of modern scientific thought and assembled materials for an organized encyclopedia. Main Contribution: Modern Philosophy
  33. 33. Activity Time!
  34. 34. Activity (1/2 sheet of paper): I. Classify whether it is a pure (PS) or applied (AS) science. 1. Scientists look for new forms of matter. 2. Physicists test the Big Bang Theory. 3. Plant biologists improve the immunity of crops to various diseases. 4. Discovery of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) 5. Students conducting research on various forms of rocks. 6. A dentist puts braces on your teeth. 7. An IT college student develops the game Clash of Clans.
  35. 35. Activity (1/2 sheet of paper): I. Classify whether it is a pure (PS) or applied (AS) science. 8. Doctor gives you a medical prescription. 9. Students solve math problems. 10.A vendor gives a change of 5 pesos after buying a 15-peso worth of food.
  36. 36. Activity (1/2 sheet of paper): II. Classify as living (L) or non-living (NL) thing. 1. Rock 2. Flower 3. People 4. Statue 5. Robot 6. Bacteria 7. Soil 8. Egg Cell 9. Atoms 10.Air
  37. 37. I. Answers: 1. Scientists look for new forms of matter. (PS) 2. Physicists test the Big Bang Theory. (PS) 3. Plant biologists improve the immunity of crops to various diseases. (AS) 4. Discovery of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) (AS) 5. Students conducting research on various forms of rocks. (PS) 6. A dentist puts braces on your teeth. (AS) 7. An IT college student develops the game Clash of Clans. (AS)
  38. 38. I. Answers: 8. Doctor gives you a medical prescription. (AS) 9. Students study medicine. (AS) 10.A vendor gives a change of 5 pesos after buying a 15-peso worth of food. (AS)
  39. 39. 1. Rock (NL) 2. Flower (L) 3. People (L) 4. Statue (NL) 5. Robot (NL) 6. Bacteria (L) 7. Soil (NL) 8. Egg Cell (L) 9. Atoms (NL) 10.Air (NL) II. Answers:
  40. 40. Refer to p.9 of your book. Give a short description each of the following fields in the table. Ex. Zoology – the study of animals Assignment (to be passed tomorrow)
  41. 41. Sources: Science Links 7 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Branches_of_science http://vonscience.blogspot.com/2005/08/pure-science- versus-applied-science.html https://www.boundless.com/biology/textbooks/boundless- biology-textbook/the-study-of-life-1/the-science-of-biology- 48/basic-and-applied-science-266-11399/ http://www.biography.com/people/aristotle-9188415

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