Otm 2013 c13_e-21-fl-keynote-implications-of-ec-transportation-priorities


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Otm 2013 c13_e-21-fl-keynote-implications-of-ec-transportation-priorities

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  4. 4. A neutral, industry perspective across all transport modeson the EU Transport policy 2050 White Paper on Transport published 28th March 2011 Implications of the European Commission’s Freight Transportation Priorities for 2050 OTM User Conference Europe, 29th January 2013 5
  5. 5. 2012 F&L Think Tank MembersROAD RAILAndreas GEORG, Mars Armand TOUBOL, NEWOPERA AisblCommercial Director Global Vice ChairmanInternational Freight Philippe ROBERT, GEFCOMartin KVYCH, LKW-WALTER Director OperationsDirectorINTERMODAL INLAND WATERWAYS/SHORT SEARainer MERTEL, Kombiverkehr Jürgen HASLER, Imperial LogisticsDirector InternationalDieter ROGGE, BASF Director Corporate DevelopmentSenior Manager Global Procurement Norbert ZWICKER, Stora Ensoand Logistics Manager Procurement Sea Services 7
  6. 6. White Paper: Vision =10 goalsStrategy = 40 measures 8
  7. 7. Ten Goals for a Competitive and Resource-Efficient Transportsystem – Benchmarks for Achieving the 60 % GHG EmissionReduction Target”Developing and deploying new and sustainable fuels and propulsion systems1. Halve the use of ‘conventionally fuelled’ cars in urban transport by 2030; phase them out in cities by 2050; achieve essentially CO2-free city logistics in major urban centres by 2030;2. Low-carbon sustainable fuels in aviation to reach 40 % by 2050; also by 2050 reduce EU CO2 emissions from maritime bunker fuels by 40 % (if feasible 50 %); 9
  8. 8. Ten Goals for a Competitive and Resource-Efficient Transportsystem – Benchmarks for Achieving the 60 % GHG EmissionReduction Target”Optimise performance of multimodal logistic chains, including making greater use of moreenergy-efficient modes3. 30% of road freight >300 km should shift to other modes such as rail or waterborne transport by 2030 and more than 50% by 2050, facilitated by efficient and green freight corridors. To meet this goal will also require appropriate infrastructure to be developed.4. By 2050, complete a European high-speed rail network. Triple the length of the existing high-speed rail network by 2030 and maintain a dense railway network in all Member States. By 2050 the majority of medium-distance passenger transport should go by rail.5. A fully functional and EU-wide multimodal TEN-T ‘core network’ by 2030, with a high-quality and capacity network by 2050 and a corresponding set of information services.6. By 2050, connect all core network airports to the rail network, preferably high-speed; ensure that all core seaports are sufficiently connected to the rail freight and, where possible, inland waterway system. 10
  9. 9. Increasing the efficiency of transport and of infrastructure use with information systems and market-based incentives7. Deployment of the modernised air traffic management infrastructure (SESAR) (12) in Europe by 2020 and completion of the European common aviation area. Deployment of equivalent land and waterborne transport management systems (ERTMS) (13), (ITS) (14), (SSN and LRIT) (15), (RIS) (16). Deployment of the European global navigation satellite system (Galileo).8. By 2020, establish the framework for a European multimodal transport information, management and payment system.9. By 2050, move close to zero fatalities in road transport. In line with this goal, the EU aims at halving road casualties by 2020. Make sure that the EU is a world leader in safety and security of transport in all modes of transport.10. Move towards full application of ‘user pays’ and ‘polluter pays’ principles and private sector engagement to eliminate distortions, including harmful subsidies, generate revenues and ensure financing for future transport investments. 11
  10. 10. TT Reflection The VISION is perceived to be positive, ambitious and enthusiastic The STRATEGY needs to have concrete, practical, tangible and achievable measures The KEY PROBLEM AREAS and challenges, although addressed in previous documents, remain the same and broadly unsolved 12
  11. 11. TT Reflection on the White Paper Remember - the goal is to ENHANCE European competitiveness1. Industry NEEDS policy consistency and continuity to enable long term investment2. Set achievable targets!  Technology required to achieve the goals does not yet exist  Future changes in society/different mindset of future consumers?3. Building and financing of network-infrastructure ?  So FOCUS on optimizing the use of the existing network 13
  12. 12. TT Reflection on the White Paper4. European law and European policy should prevail over member local policies  Let market forces develop new technology and the most suitable and sustainable solutions……5. Forced modal shift does not work! Interconnectivity between modes and within modes is vital6. Blue belt initiative (short sea) is excellent7. Climate initiatives are in line with the ideas that already existing in the industry 14
  13. 13. Five Priorities for Industry 15
  14. 14. Priorities for TT in the White Paper EUROPEAN WEB LUCERNE PARLIAMENT BROADCAST LONDON May 2012 June 2012 Oct 2012 8-9 Nov 20121. Dedicated Freight   Corridors and Terminals  2. TEN-FT3. Financing, Taxation, Earmarking Revenue for  the Environment  4. Harmonisation   5. Sustainability   16
  15. 15. Dedicated Freight Corridors/Terminals1. Use existing infrastructure more efficiently! Reliability is key2. Corridors/Infrastructure for ALL modes needed!3. Dedicated freight lines prioritizing freight - essential for competitiveness.4. Passenger/Freight Trade-off: enhance freight priority in mixed traffics to meet future requirements related to volume, capacity, speed and reliability.5. Terminals Hinterland Terminals – Multimodal Terminals Terminal - Services Feeder Concepts: --> expand best practices such as Duisburg Terminal 17
  16. 16. TEN T Network Status May 2010(ALL modes)
  17. 17. Time for a TEN-FTExisting TEN-T (Trans-European Network – Transport)
  18. 18. Time for a TEN-FT What is TEN-T about?  EU Commission contributes money to transport infrastructure investment of EU Member States  Key purposes:  Develop an efficient infrastructure for freight and passenger transport on defined European corridors  Integration of EU Member States into a common network
  19. 19. Time for a TEN-FT Will the future TEN-T programme serve freight transport properly?  EU co-financing rate too low:  Today: 10-20%  Planned: 10-40%  No incentive for EU Member States to realize transport infrastructure investments, which are not anyway on the national agenda:  Therefore budget mainly used for infrastructure for passenger transport (high-speed rail etc.)  EU Budget too small for a too large network: according to EU Commission € 500bn are required to realize “core network” by 2030; Commission may contribute € 31bn (6%)!
  20. 20. Time for a TEN-FT What Freight Transport (Road, Rail, Barge, Intermodal) really needs is a TEN-FT (TEN – Freight Transport)!  Programme entirely dedicated to eliminate or alleviate bottlenecks in transport infrastructure, which particularly hamper international freight transport (increased cost; reduced reliability)  Simple criteria for selecting projects, for example:  Relevance for existing international freight (not based on “visionary” forecasts)  To be implemented on short-term time horizon  Simplified benefit-cost assessment, e.g. how much additional capacity do we get with € 1m investment?  No “watering-down” of priorities by country quotas  EU co-financing rate of min. 75% to convey an incentive for Member States  Estimated annual budget: € 5bn
  21. 21. Sustainability1. A global approach is needed!CO2 is a global issue and notrestricted to Europe! Europeanpolicy which puts too muchemphasis on just one pillar(GHG) will negatively impact theeconomic and thus socialdimension2. “Useful Unit Measurement” tomeasure all modes equally andrealistically 4. Sustainability of alternative3. Wary of targets where viable solutions fuels is questionable - source ofdo not yet exist…… energy to be taken into consideration. Electric vehicles running on current produced in coal-power stations are NOT an option! 23
  22. 22. Financing, Taxation, EarmarkingTen Goals for a Competitive and Resource-Efficient Transport System:Benchmarks for Achieving the 60% GHG Emission Reduction TargetGoal 10. “Move towards full application of ‘user pays’ and ‘polluter pays’ principles andprivate sector engagement to eliminate distortions, including harmful subsidies,generate revenues and ensure financing for future transport investments” 24
  23. 23. HarmonisationMore harmonisation 4. Fuel taxes, road taxation and toll- between member systems states 5. Social rulesThese are points which should not be 6. Load safety and security rules andavoided: controls1. Axle distance, load, dimensions, 7. Administration and Document weight requirements • Axle distance trio aggregate needs to be 1310 MM and 9 axle weight (intermodal) • Rear axle – we have 11.5to and 12.5to in EU – 8. Information in case of reefer we need 12.5to 9. Transfer quickly to national2. Aerodynamic devices should not be legislation and check that it is calculated into combination length applied in the same manner 25
  24. 24. Harmonisation The registration harmonization is still too different and protectionism is the result in some member states Road controls inside EU chaotic - too many institutions “cooking their own soup” – what is okay for one side is not okay for the other and hauliers have to pay again 26
  25. 25. What CanWe Do Now? 27
  26. 26. What can we do NOW? SHORT SEA & INLAND WATERWAYS Short Sea & Inland Waterways Shipping are the most efficient modes of transport: 80% less CO2 emissions than trucks and 30% less than railways per tkm Deepening of the Rivers Elbe and Danube (connection to black sea) to encourage more inland waterways transportation between Eastern and Western Europe Investment in infrastructure (ship lockings) to facilitate access for 110/135 meter vessels Encouraging intermodal transport by barge (MIScobiva – Management Information System for Container Barges) Give better access to terminals in seaports 28
  27. 27. What can we do NOW? ROAD Use existing infrastructure more efficiently Minor modifications of existing infrastructure Impact Assessment – priority to small efficient investments Reliability and service are critical “In general" make traffic fluid and give priority to freight Use modes where they are best suited Harmonization 29
  28. 28. What can we do NOW? INTERMODAL RAIL  Define “relevant” key European freight Better priority for freight in each corridors for all modes period of the day to ensure reliability:  Allocate approx. €1bn (better: €2bn) of this is fundamental annual TEN budget (Connecting Europe Urgency in standardizing safety criteria Facility) for small, effective infra-structure and operational constraints across measures which help remove bottlenecks Europe to facilitate the networks at international links on European freight integration corridor network New small infrastructure investments  Harmonize rules for road leg of with a large impact on traffic intermodal transport (e.g. 44 tonnes) in efficiency EU: revision of Regulation 92/106/EG 30
  29. 29. What can ICTs do now ?The WP specifically mentions ICTs as necessary and preferable tools for its goals.Accordingly EU-projects, such as SmartGreen, aim at promoting smarter use ofICTs in the development of green freight corridors in order to : • improve efficiency of resources • simplify the management of the supply chainPreferential promotion of “Intelligent Transport Systems” is based on the cognition that “with traditional measures [such as expansion of infrastructure] it will not be possible to satisfy the growth of European economy and its mobility requirements in an environmental way”. 31
  30. 30. ICTs mentioned in the White Paper Traffic management &information systems for improved use of infrastructure and vehicles  Air traffic management system of the future (SESAR)  European rail traffic management system (ERTMS) / rail information systems  Maritime surveillance systems(SafeSeaNet, Vessel Traffic Services)  River information services (RIS) On-board navigation & traffic monitoring Real-time information systems to track and trace freight and to manage freight flows (e-Freight)  Single-window, one-stop administrative shop  Single transport document in electronic form (e-waybill)  Appropriate framework for T&T technologies (such as RFID) Interoperable and multimodal passengers information, booking and payment systems (smart ticketing) 32
  31. 31. ICTs mentioned in the White Paper Greener transport :  Carbon calculators to allow better choices and easier marketing of cleaner transport solutions  ITS applications in support of eco-driving  Recharging and refuelling ITS for electro-mobility in urban areas  Improve trucks efficiency (besides cleaner fuel and engines) through use of ITS (eg routing planners, T&T, …) Smoother multimodal transports  Simplify and improve reliability of transfers  By 2020, establish the framework for a European multimodal transport information, management and payment system  By 2050, a fully functional EU-wide TEN-T core network with high-quality , high-capacity network and information services 33
  32. 32. ICTs principles Innovation and deployment need to be supported by regulatory framework conditions: protection of privacy and personal data will have to develop . Standardization and interoperability requirements - avoid technological fragmentation, enable European businesses to fully benefit from the entire European transport market, create worldwide market opportunities. ICT tools should be widely deployed to simplify administrative procedures New mobility concepts cannot be imposed. Information on all modes of transport, both for travel and freight, on possibilities for their combined use and on their environmental impact, will need to be widely available. Smart intermodal ticketing, with common EU standards that respect EU competition rules is vital. This relates to passenger transport, freight, better electronic route planning across modes, an adapted legal environment (intermodal freight documentation, insurance, liability), real-time delivery information also for smaller consignments. ICT has also the potential for satisfying certain accessibility needs without additional mobility. 34
  33. 33. Questions & answers Open discussion 35