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J U A N A M O R A L C A M A C H O
CONDITIONALS
INTRODUCTION
• DEFINTION:
Conditional sentences
are used to express
the conditions
necessary for
something to happen:
• If...
STRUCTURE
condition
• If you study
• If+ tensed verb
result
• You will pass
• Subject+modal
verb
They act like two separat...
WHAT ARE THEY FOR…?
• THEY EXPRESS CONDITION, THAT IS, THE
PROBABILITY FOR SOMETHING TO HAPPEN.
• HOW? BY USING LINKERS, A...
FIRST CONDITIONAL
• IF (PRESENT SIMPLE) + WILL/won’t+INFINITIVE
• If you study, you will pass
• You will feel good if you ...
SECOND CONDITIONAL
IF(PA ST SIM PL E + WOUL D +INFINITIVE
If you st udied, you would pass
-Form of simple past . In Spanis...
THIRD CONDITIONAL
IF (PA ST PERFECT)+ WOUL D +PERFECT INFINITIVE
If you had st udied, you would have passed
-IMPOSSIBLE CO...
THE PAST SCALE FOR TENSES
SIMPLE
PRESENT
SIMPLE
PAST
PAST
PERFECT
WILL/
WON’T
WOULD/
WOULDN’T
WOULD
HAVE
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Conditionals

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Presentation on the form and uses of conditional sentences in English

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Conditionals

  1. 1. J U A N A M O R A L C A M A C H O CONDITIONALS
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • DEFINTION: Conditional sentences are used to express the conditions necessary for something to happen: • If you read you will learn • LINKERS: • IF: SI • UNLESS: A MENOS QUE. You dog will die unless you feed him • WHETHER: si (BUT ONLY FOR TWO OPTIONS): I don’t care whether you stay or go away.
  3. 3. STRUCTURE condition • If you study • If+ tensed verb result • You will pass • Subject+modal verb They act like two separate boxes, you can change their order, but never mix them: You will pass, if you study.Never say: *if you will ….
  4. 4. WHAT ARE THEY FOR…? • THEY EXPRESS CONDITION, THAT IS, THE PROBABILITY FOR SOMETHING TO HAPPEN. • HOW? BY USING LINKERS, AND MODAL VERBS (will would) WHICH EXPRESS PROBABILITY. • THERE ARE 3 TYPES: first, second and third • The structure is the same, but second and third conditionals imply a past tense because, as you know, in English, using a past/more remote tense, expresses less possibility.
  5. 5. FIRST CONDITIONAL • IF (PRESENT SIMPLE) + WILL/won’t+INFINITIVE • If you study, you will pass • You will feel good if you eat well • You won’t like the film if you read the book first • The dog will die unless you feed him TRANSLATED BY SPANISH FUTURE HIGH POSSIBILITY TO HAPPEN
  6. 6. SECOND CONDITIONAL IF(PA ST SIM PL E + WOUL D +INFINITIVE If you st udied, you would pass -Form of simple past . In Spanish: si est udiaras aprobarías. -L ess possibilit y Less possiblity. Simple past is more tentative, less possible. Would is the past form of will . Then, it is less possible.
  7. 7. THIRD CONDITIONAL IF (PA ST PERFECT)+ WOUL D +PERFECT INFINITIVE If you had st udied, you would have passed -IMPOSSIBLE CONDITIONAL (it is more in the past). -TRANSLATED AS (si hubieras estudiado, habrías aprobado) IF ONLY I HAD A HEART, IF ONLY+ SUBJECT+ SIMPLE PAST I WISH I HAD A HEART I WHISH+SUBJ+ SIMPLE PAST Both structures are used to express wishes and regrets
  8. 8. THE PAST SCALE FOR TENSES SIMPLE PRESENT SIMPLE PAST PAST PERFECT WILL/ WON’T WOULD/ WOULDN’T WOULD HAVE

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