EARLY AMERICAN CIVILIZATION EARLY AMERICAN CIVILIZATION EARLY AMERICAN CIVILIZATION
 
MAYA When:  250-900 A.D. Where:  Yucatan Peninsula <ul><li>Modern-day Mexico,   Guatemala, Belize,   Honduras </li></ul>On...
MAYA Mayan alphabet  (an example)
MAYA Huge, monumental architecture Stairways to heaven Burial mounds that grew and grew
Detroit, MI (1928) Tikal, Guatemala (695 AD)
MAYA Very ritualistic <ul><li>Displayed war captives </li></ul><ul><li>Human sacrifice </li></ul>Monotheistic <ul><li>God ...
MAYA Advanced mathematics system Advanced astronomy, calendar system <ul><li>Eighteen 20-day months </li></ul><ul><li>Five...
MAYA “ Hey, Mr. T., what about… … this whole ‘end of the world’ thing?” The Mayans could not predict their own demise. The...
 
AZTEC When:  1250-1521 A.D. Where:  Central Mexican Valley
AZTEC Expert farmers Domesticated many familiar, modern-day plants jicama <ul><li>cocoa </li></ul><ul><li>banana </li></ul...
AZTEC Spoken language: Nahuatl No written language Hieroglyphs recorded pictures, not words or syllables Used the Mayan ca...
AZTEC Polytheistic Religion and mythology Human sacrifice was quite common <ul><li>20,000-50,000   per year </li></ul>Occa...
AZTEC Creator god: Quetzalcoatl Religion and mythology Half-bird, half-serpent, with the face of a man <ul><li>Fair skin <...
 
INCA Where: Modern-day Peru, Chile When:  1220 to 1532 A.D.
INCA An empire of wealth, not force Economy Complex system of wealth redistribution Corn, mostly Gold was worth less than ...
Machu Picchu: Lost city of the Inca
INCA Polytheistic Religion and mythology Belief in reincarnation Primary deity: Inti the sun god You  can  take it with yo...
INCA Ritual cranial deformity Religion and mythology
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Ancientamericans

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Ancientamericans

  1. 1. EARLY AMERICAN CIVILIZATION EARLY AMERICAN CIVILIZATION EARLY AMERICAN CIVILIZATION
  2. 3. MAYA When: 250-900 A.D. Where: Yucatan Peninsula <ul><li>Modern-day Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras </li></ul>Only complete written language in the New World <ul><li>550-character logosyllabic alphabet </li></ul>
  3. 4. MAYA Mayan alphabet (an example)
  4. 5. MAYA Huge, monumental architecture Stairways to heaven Burial mounds that grew and grew
  5. 6. Detroit, MI (1928) Tikal, Guatemala (695 AD)
  6. 7. MAYA Very ritualistic <ul><li>Displayed war captives </li></ul><ul><li>Human sacrifice </li></ul>Monotheistic <ul><li>God and corn </li></ul>Merchants and traders <ul><li>Established trading posts all around Mesoamerica </li></ul>tzompantli
  7. 8. MAYA Advanced mathematics system Advanced astronomy, calendar system <ul><li>Eighteen 20-day months </li></ul><ul><li>Five “unlucky,” unnamed days </li></ul><ul><li>18 x 20 = 360, +5… not bad! </li></ul>
  8. 9. MAYA “ Hey, Mr. T., what about… … this whole ‘end of the world’ thing?” The Mayans could not predict their own demise. They simply died out around 900 A.D.
  9. 11. AZTEC When: 1250-1521 A.D. Where: Central Mexican Valley
  10. 12. AZTEC Expert farmers Domesticated many familiar, modern-day plants jicama <ul><li>cocoa </li></ul><ul><li>banana </li></ul><ul><li>squash </li></ul><ul><li>pumpkin </li></ul><ul><li>beans </li></ul><ul><li>chili pepper </li></ul><ul><li>tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>onions </li></ul><ul><li>tomatoes </li></ul><ul><li>sweet potatoes </li></ul><ul><li>jicama </li></ul><ul><li>maize </li></ul>Cultivated the three sisters : corn , beans , and squash
  11. 13. AZTEC Spoken language: Nahuatl No written language Hieroglyphs recorded pictures, not words or syllables Used the Mayan calendar Public education till age 14
  12. 14. AZTEC Polytheistic Religion and mythology Human sacrifice was quite common <ul><li>20,000-50,000 per year </li></ul>Occasional cannibalism Up to 100,000 priests employed in capital of Tenochtitlan
  13. 15. AZTEC Creator god: Quetzalcoatl Religion and mythology Half-bird, half-serpent, with the face of a man <ul><li>Fair skin </li></ul><ul><li>Full beard </li></ul><ul><li>Would return by sea </li></ul>The myth goes…
  14. 17. INCA Where: Modern-day Peru, Chile When: 1220 to 1532 A.D.
  15. 18. INCA An empire of wealth, not force Economy Complex system of wealth redistribution Corn, mostly Gold was worth less than preservable, edible goods Complex central government
  16. 19. Machu Picchu: Lost city of the Inca
  17. 20. INCA Polytheistic Religion and mythology Belief in reincarnation Primary deity: Inti the sun god You can take it with you Funeral included burial with items for next life
  18. 21. INCA Ritual cranial deformity Religion and mythology

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