THE SPIRIT OF REFORM<br />Corruption, Capital, and Progress1872-1920<br />
1873-1893: THE GILDED AGE<br />Coined by Mark Twain in 1873: The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today<br />Creation of a modern ind...
1873-1893: THE GILDED AGE<br />Andrew Carnegie: “The Gospel of Wealth”<br />Corporations(trusts)<br />Rise of the “robber ...
CORRUPTION IN POLITICS<br />Tammany Hall: Best example of Gilded Age political corruption<br />Led by William “Boss” Tweed...
THE GRANT PRESIDENCY<br />President from 1869-1877<br />Biggest challenge beyond reconstruction: huge national debt<br />T...
1873 1893
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1873 1893

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1873 1893

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  4. 4. THE SPIRIT OF REFORM<br />Corruption, Capital, and Progress1872-1920<br />
  5. 5. 1873-1893: THE GILDED AGE<br />Coined by Mark Twain in 1873: The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today<br />Creation of a modern industrial economy<br />Per capita incomes doubled Germany and France, 50% higher than Great Britain<br />Opulence and philanthropy<br />Ethnic diversity in the Northeast <br />“Industrial towns”<br />
  6. 6. 1873-1893: THE GILDED AGE<br />Andrew Carnegie: “The Gospel of Wealth”<br />Corporations(trusts)<br />Rise of the “robber barons”<br />John D. Rockefeller<br />John Jacob Astor III<br />Cornelius Vanderbilt<br />Andrew W. Mellon<br />Samuel Gompers, the AFL, and the birth of the labor movement<br />
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  8. 8. CORRUPTION IN POLITICS<br />Tammany Hall: Best example of Gilded Age political corruption<br />Led by William “Boss” Tweed<br />Rise of machine politics:<br />Grass roots origins<br />Patronage and immigration<br />Extralegal assistance<br />Spoils system<br />Party line vote<br />The power of the ward boss<br />
  9. 9. THE GRANT PRESIDENCY<br />President from 1869-1877<br />Biggest challenge beyond reconstruction: huge national debt<br />True believer in civil rights<br />Gold, rails, and nepotism<br />CréditMobilier<br />Union Pacific’s shell company<br />CréditMobiliertraded shares for land grants<br />Distrust in government<br />

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