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could tagging and folksonomy
       improve access to
art museum collections on-line?
                J. Trant
    Archive...
access to collections




             http://conference.archimuse.com/jtrants
Access to Collections


From: J. P. xxxxxx@xxxxxx.com
Date: Sat, 26 Aug 2006 11:24:43 -0700
To: timeline@metmuseum.org
Sub...
Access to Collections




Possibly the desired painting
                        Ian Morrison’s “things we just happen to h...
Access to Collections
Access to Collections



What “J. P.” knows   What a Met curator knows
                     Portrait of a Man, ca. 1520–25...
Access to Collections

robe
Renaissance
scholar
scroll
time
trees




                         from MMA proof of concept
Access to Collections
  bangs
robe
  beard
  border
Renaissance
  cape
scholar
  contemplation
  elbow
scroll
  hourglass
...
Access to Collections




What questions do visitors ask of museums?
Access to Collections




How do users search on-line collections?
Access to Collections




       shark




How do users search on-line collections?
Access to Collections




shark




                      Text




    How do users search on-line collections?
Access to Collections




shark




                      Text


                                            ?
           ...
Access to Collections




                            CDWA


Describing works of art
Access to Collections




                            label text




                           curatorial
               ...
Access to Collections




≠sharks!
           http://conference.archimuse.com/jtrants
Access to Collections




mis-match between
interests of visitor
 and the museum

as expressed in their
     vocabulary.
research question

Can tagging and folksonomy
improve online access to art
        collections?




                 http:...
Research Questions


         gilded
         animal
        bejeweled
          antler
         rearing
          deer
  ...
Research Questions




                  users                        folksonomy                                  vocabula...
Research Questions




                  users                        folksonomy                                  vocabula...
the experiment
and our findings



          http://conference.archimuse.com/jtrants
Research Questions: Tagging




                  users                         folksonomy                                ...
Research Questions: Tagging




                  users                         folksonomy                                ...
Research Questions: Tagging

                            Multi-Institutional Tagger: Works by Institution
                ...
Research Questions: Tagging

                            Multi-Institutional Tagger: Works by Institution
                ...
Research Questions: Tagging




Characterizing Tagging: Works Tagged
Research Questions: Tagging




       range of
        media


Characterizing Tagging: Works Tagged
Research Questions: Tagging



     users                       folksonomy
  who assigns                 what kinds of ter...
Research Questions: Tagging



     users                       folksonomy
  who assigns                 what kinds of ter...
Research Questions: Tagging


        Multi-Institution Tagger                  Single-Institution Tagger

 # of          ...
Research Questions: Tagging


        Multi-Institution Tagger                  Single-Institution Tagger

 # of          ...
Research Questions: Tagging




                         Multi-Institutional Tagger
                         Unregistered ...
Research Questions: Tagging




                         Multi-Institutional Tagger
                         Unregistered ...
Research Questions: Tagging



       Multi-Institutional Tagger: Sessions per Registered User


              6%         ...
Research Questions: Tagging
                                  Multi-Institutional Tagger: Tags per Work, Average by Object...
Research Questions: Tagging
                                  Multi-Institutional Tagger: Tags per Work, Average by Object...
Research Questions: Tagging




                                       16%
                                       redundan...
Research Questions: Tagging




                                       16%
                                       redundan...
Are tags new terms?



            http://conference.archimuse.com/jtrants
Research Questions: Museum Documentation
research questions:
social tagging and folksonomy analysis


                    ...
Research Questions: Museum Documentation
research questions:
social tagging and folksonomy analysis


                    ...
Research Questions: Museum Documentation




Museum Documentation: Catalogue Records On-line
Research Questions: Museum Documentation




                                     Museum
   New Tags
                Tags ...
Research Questions: Museum Documentation




                                          14%
                               ...
Research Questions: Museum Documentation




                                          14%
                               ...
Research Questions: Museum Documentation




Do user tags differ from museum documentation?
Research Questions: Museum Documentation




sculpture
photograph
Do user tags differ from museum documentation?
Research Questions: Museum Documentation




Do user tags differ from museum documentation?
Research Questions: Museum Documentation




mask
portrait
 Do user tags differ from museum documentation?
Research Questions: Museum Documentation


                                                              Multi-Institution...
Research Questions: Museum Documentation


                                                              Multi-Institution...
Times Assigned
                                                                    w




                                 ...
Research Questions: Museum Documentation

                                                                                ...
Research Questions: Extended Museum Documentation


Are Tags in Other Forms of Museum Documentation?
                     ...
Research Questions: Extended Museum Documentation


Are Tags in Other Forms of Museum Documentation?
                     ...
Research Questions: Extended Museum Documentation
Research Questions: Extended Museum Documentation



11 documents

19 distinct tags


found 138 times

  51 relevant
     ...
Research Questions: Extended Museum Documentation
Research Questions: Extended Museum Documentation



➡Extended documentation
 not better than online
 museum documentation...
Do Museum
Professionals find tags
        useful?



             http://conference.archimuse.com/jtrants
Research Questions: Usefulness
research questions:
social tagging and folksonomy analysis


                    users     ...
Research Questions: Usefulness
research questions:
social tagging and folksonomy analysis


                    users     ...
Research Questions: Usefulness




if you found this work using this term in a query
            would you be surprised?
Research Questions: Usefulness




        36,931 terms


if you found this work using this term in a query
            wo...
Research Questions: Usefulness




                                        12%
                                         no...
Research Questions: Usefulness




                                        12%
                                         no...
Research Questions: Usefulness




In-depth study of a sample

 Sample Works: Useful terms
Research Questions: Usefulness




In-depth study of a sample

 Sample Works: Useful terms
Research Questions: Usefulness




In-depth study of a sample

 Sample Works: Useful terms
Research Questions: Usefulness




In-depth study of a sample

 Sample Works: Useful terms
Research Questions: Usefulness




In-depth study of a sample
Research Questions: Usefulness




In-depth study of a sample
Research Questions: Usefulness




Usefulness and Frequency
Research Questions: AAT/ULAN
research questions:
social tagging and folksonomy analysis


                    users       ...
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line
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MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line

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reporting results of steve.museum imls-funded research grant on which i'm the principal investigator

MCN 2008: could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line

  1. 1. could tagging and folksonomy improve access to art museum collections on-line? J. Trant Archives & Museum Informatics MCN2008 | November 2008 http://conference.archimuse.com/jtrants
  2. 2. access to collections http://conference.archimuse.com/jtrants
  3. 3. Access to Collections From: J. P. xxxxxx@xxxxxx.com Date: Sat, 26 Aug 2006 11:24:43 -0700 To: timeline@metmuseum.org Subject: Looking for a painting Please help: I have been looking on and off for years for this painting. The painting is of a very well dressed renaissance man standing in a room (a library) in front of him on a table is a large hour glass. The painting has very rich colors. I have talked to a lot of people and they have said they have seen this painting but can't remember its name or the name of the artist. Could you please use your resources to find this painting? Reference Questions c.f. Catechism Project, Janney & Sledge
  4. 4. Access to Collections Possibly the desired painting Ian Morrison’s “things we just happen to have in our head” method
  5. 5. Access to Collections
  6. 6. Access to Collections What “J. P.” knows What a Met curator knows Portrait of a Man, ca. 1520–25 painting Moretto da Brescia (Alessandro Bonvicino) Renaissance (Italian, Brescian, born about 1498, died 1554) Oil on canvas; 34 1/4 x 32 in. (87 x 81.3 cm) standing Rogers Fund, 1928 (28.79) man Provenance: Maffei, Brescia (by 1760, as quot;Ritratto d'uomo con very well dressed carta in mano, ed Orologio, di Callisto da Lodiquot;); by descent to contessa Beatrice Erizzo Maffei Fenaroli Avogadro, Palazzo library Fenaroli, Brescia (by 1853–at least 1857, as by Moretto); her daughter, contessa Maria Livia Fenaroli Avogadro, later marchesa hourglass Fassati, Brescia (in 1862); her son, marchese Ippolito Fassati, Milan (by 1878–at least 1912); [Elia Volpi, Florence, by 1915–16; table sold to Knoedler]; [Knoedler, New York, 1916–28; sold to MMA] rich colors What they both know ...
  7. 7. Access to Collections robe Renaissance scholar scroll time trees from MMA proof of concept
  8. 8. Access to Collections bangs robe beard border Renaissance cape scholar contemplation elbow scroll hourglass time landscape trees learned man mountain moustache nobleman painting portrait ring volunteer supplied tags robe might help Renaissance from MMA proof of concept
  9. 9. Access to Collections What questions do visitors ask of museums?
  10. 10. Access to Collections How do users search on-line collections?
  11. 11. Access to Collections shark How do users search on-line collections?
  12. 12. Access to Collections shark Text How do users search on-line collections?
  13. 13. Access to Collections shark Text ? only one shark How do users search on-line collections?
  14. 14. Access to Collections CDWA Describing works of art
  15. 15. Access to Collections label text curatorial analysis CDWA Describing works of art
  16. 16. Access to Collections ≠sharks! http://conference.archimuse.com/jtrants
  17. 17. Access to Collections mis-match between interests of visitor and the museum as expressed in their vocabulary.
  18. 18. research question Can tagging and folksonomy improve online access to art collections? http://conference.archimuse.com/jtrants
  19. 19. Research Questions gilded animal bejeweled antler rearing deer Artist woman (Nationality, Dates) Title, Date Medium action Dimensions hunting Ownership Notes museum ... luxury documents dog bow horse object leaping huntress users tag J. Trant, Jan 28, 2008 based on Wyman et al. 2006, Fig.2 a model of tagging http://conference.archimuse.com/jtrants
  20. 20. Research Questions users folksonomy vocabulary sources who assigns what kinds of terms are terms found in... how many terms? are assigned? Art and Architecture Thesaurus terms tag works of art assigned 1 museum (AAT) records Union List of Artists Names how does users' terms (ULAN) tagging differ? assigned 2 searches of art image databases works of art J. Trant, February 2008 are terms applicable to based on Trant 2006 Research Process
  21. 21. Research Questions users folksonomy vocabulary sources who assigns what kinds of terms are terms found in... how many terms? are assigned? Art and Architecture Thesaurus terms tag works of art assigned 1 museum (AAT) records Union List of Artists Names how does users' terms (ULAN) tagging differ? assigned 2 searches of art image databases works of art J. Trant, February 2008 are terms applicable to based on Trant 2006 Research Process
  22. 22. the experiment and our findings http://conference.archimuse.com/jtrants
  23. 23. Research Questions: Tagging users folksonomy vocabulary sources who assigns what kinds of terms are terms found in... how many terms? are assigned? Art and Architecture Thesaurus terms tag works of art assigned 1 museum (AAT) records Union List of Artists Names how does users' terms (ULAN) tagging differ? assigned 2 searches of art image databases works of art J. Trant, February 2008 are terms applicable to based on Trant 2006 What was tagged?
  24. 24. Research Questions: Tagging users folksonomy vocabulary sources who assigns what kinds of terms are terms found in... how many terms? are assigned? Art and Architecture Thesaurus terms tag works of art assigned 1 museum (AAT) records Union List of Artists Names how does users' terms (ULAN) tagging differ? assigned 2 searches of art image databases works of art J. Trant, February 2008 are terms applicable to based on Trant 2006 What was tagged?
  25. 25. Research Questions: Tagging Multi-Institutional Tagger: Works by Institution [all works] The Metropolitan Museum of Art Boston Museum of Fine Arts 14% 13% Cleveland Museum of Art Tate Modern 7% 3% Skirball Denver Art Museum 1% 9% Indianapolis Museum of Art 13% San Francisco Museum of Modern Art 9% Rubin Los Angeles County Museum 6% Minneapolis Institute of Arts of Art 14% 11% Characterizing Tagging: Works Tagged Same MMA 251 in both sets
  26. 26. Research Questions: Tagging Multi-Institutional Tagger: Works by Institution [all works] 1,784 works The Metropolitan Museum of Art 14% Boston Museum of Fine Arts 13% Cleveland Museum of Art Tate Modern 7% 3% Skirball Denver Art Museum 11 museums 1% 9% Indianapolis Museum of Art 13% San Francisco Museum of Modern Art 9% Rubin Los Angeles County Museum 6% Minneapolis Institute of Arts of Art 14% 11% Characterizing Tagging: Works Tagged Same MMA 251 in both sets
  27. 27. Research Questions: Tagging Characterizing Tagging: Works Tagged
  28. 28. Research Questions: Tagging range of media Characterizing Tagging: Works Tagged
  29. 29. Research Questions: Tagging users folksonomy who assigns what kinds of terms how many terms? are assigned? terms tag works of art assigned 1 how does users' terms tagging differ? assigned 2 Tags per work # of tags # of taggers # tags per tagger total distinct total total tags distinct tags high low average std. dev. high low average std. dev. all works work 1 work 2 work 3 Study Terms Assigned
  30. 30. Research Questions: Tagging users folksonomy who assigns what kinds of terms how many terms? are assigned? terms tag works of art assigned 1 descriptive statistics • tagger velocity how does users' terms assigned 2 • tag variation tagging differ? Tags per work # of tags # of taggers # tags per tagger total distinct total total tags distinct tags high low average std. dev. high low average std. dev. all works work 1 work 2 work 3 Study Terms Assigned
  31. 31. Research Questions: Tagging Multi-Institution Tagger Single-Institution Tagger # of # of # of # of # of tags # of tags works users works users total distinct total total distinct total 1,784 36,981 11,944 1,621 251 56,399 21,557 690 Characterizing Tagging: Basic Descriptive Statistics
  32. 32. Research Questions: Tagging Multi-Institution Tagger Single-Institution Tagger # of # of # of # of # of tags # of tags works users works users total distinct total total distinct total 1,784 36,981 11,944 1,621 251 56,399 21,557 690 22 tags / 82 tags / Characterizing Tagging: Basic Descriptive Statistics user user
  33. 33. Research Questions: Tagging Multi-Institutional Tagger Unregistered Users Registered Users Characterizing Tagging: Compare Registered | Unregistered
  34. 34. Research Questions: Tagging Multi-Institutional Tagger Unregistered Users Registered Users registered users tag more Characterizing Tagging: Compare Registered | Unregistered
  35. 35. Research Questions: Tagging Multi-Institutional Tagger: Sessions per Registered User 6% 6% 4 or more sessions 4 or more sessions 6% 3 sessions 3 sessions 6% 20% 2 sessions 20% 2 sessions 68% 1 session 68% 1 session Characterizing Tagging: Sessions per Registered User unregistered users only come once by definition
  36. 36. Research Questions: Tagging Multi-Institutional Tagger: Tags per Work, Average by Object Type number of tags per object type divided by number of works of that object type highlighted values for samples of fewer than 10 works 40 35 Average Tags / Work Linear (Average Tags / Work) 33.4 30 25 27.1 27.0 25.1 23.4 23.7 20 22.2 21.6 20.7 20.1 15 16.4 16.0 14.5 13.4 10 5 1.5 0 s rs ts s s eo hs re ts ns a e ry er s ile g k ok i ur lo ec ed in tu el th or in ap tio d xt ct Bo co Vi Pr w bj nt p O M W r la Te ite ul Je o- og er O i ed al Pa l Sc Al di ch at ot n d st ix Au ria an W Ar Ph In M ita d e an um l tli gs U st Co in d an w ra s t D Ar created from e iv tagsPerWork-080828.xls at or ec D Characterizing Tagging: Tags Per Work by Object Type
  37. 37. Research Questions: Tagging Multi-Institutional Tagger: Tags per Work, Average by Object Type number of tags per object type divided by number of works of that object type highlighted values for samples of fewer than 10 works 40 35 Average Tags / Work Linear (Average Tags / Work) 33.4 30 25 27.1 27.0 25.1 23.4 23.7 20 22.2 21.6 20.7 20.1 15 16.4 16.0 14.5 13.4 10 some works 5 1.5 0 s rs ts s s eo hs re ts ns a e ry er s ile g k ok i ur lo ec ed in tu el th or in ap tio d xt ct Bo co Vi Pr w bj nt p O M W r la Te ite ul Je o- og er O i are harder al ed Pa l Sc Al di ch at ot n d st ix Au ria an W Ar Ph In M ita d e an um l tli gs U st Co in d an w ra s t D Ar created from e iv tagsPerWork-080828.xls at or ec D Characterizing Tagging: Tags Per Work by Object Type
  38. 38. Research Questions: Tagging 16% redundant 84% novel Characterizing Tagging: Vocabulary Stabilization?
  39. 39. Research Questions: Tagging 16% redundant 84% novel 36,981 11,944 tags distinct 31,032 Characterizing Tagging: Vocabulary Stabilization? tag/work pairs
  40. 40. Are tags new terms? http://conference.archimuse.com/jtrants
  41. 41. Research Questions: Museum Documentation research questions: social tagging and folksonomy analysis users folksonomy vocabulary sources who assigns what kinds of terms are terms found in... how many terms? are assigned? Art and Architecture Thesaurus terms tag works of art assigned 1 museum (AAT) records Union List of Artists Names how does users' terms (ULAN) tagging differ? assigned 2 searches of art image databases works of art J. Trant, February 2008 are terms applicable to based on Trant 2006 Do user tags differ from museum documentation?
  42. 42. Research Questions: Museum Documentation research questions: social tagging and folksonomy analysis users folksonomy vocabulary sources who assigns what kinds of terms are terms found in... how many terms? are assigned? Art and Architecture Thesaurus terms tag works of art assigned 1 museum (AAT) records Union List of Artists Names how does users' terms (ULAN) tagging differ? assigned 2 searches of art image databases works of art J. Trant, February 2008 are terms applicable to based on Trant 2006 Do user tags differ from museum documentation?
  43. 43. Research Questions: Museum Documentation Museum Documentation: Catalogue Records On-line
  44. 44. Research Questions: Museum Documentation Museum New Tags Tags ? Documentation Redundant tags Do user tags differ from museum documentation?
  45. 45. Research Questions: Museum Documentation 14% yes 86% unmatched Do user tags differ from museum documentation?
  46. 46. Research Questions: Museum Documentation 14% yes 86% unmatched most tags are new Do user tags differ from museum documentation?
  47. 47. Research Questions: Museum Documentation Do user tags differ from museum documentation?
  48. 48. Research Questions: Museum Documentation sculpture photograph Do user tags differ from museum documentation?
  49. 49. Research Questions: Museum Documentation Do user tags differ from museum documentation?
  50. 50. Research Questions: Museum Documentation mask portrait Do user tags differ from museum documentation?
  51. 51. Research Questions: Museum Documentation Multi-Institutional Tagger: Terms Not Found in Multi-institutional Tagger:Documentation Found in Museum Documentation Museum Terms Not 200 150 Times Assigned 100 50 0 an s gn om si w ic da zo J. Trant created from September 18, 2008 Term termsMuseumDocumentation.xls:musdocNULL-freq Do user tags differ from museum documentation?
  52. 52. Research Questions: Museum Documentation Multi-Institutional Tagger: Terms Not Found in Multi-institutional Tagger:Documentation Found in Museum Documentation Museum Terms Not 200 150 31,949 terms Times Assigned 100 50 86% not found 0 an s gn om si w ic da zo J. Trant created from September 18, 2008 Term termsMuseumDocumentation.xls:musdocNULL-freq Do user tags differ from museum documentation?
  53. 53. Times Assigned w 100 150 200 0 50 om an J. Trant la b nd lue sc ap e re po d rt ra it m an gr ee flo n w er s tr e es go ab ld st ra he ct br ew cl ou bl ds ac k as an ia d n w hi t af e ric an ho re rse lig io u ye s llo pa w tt er n flo r w al om en nu de bl de a co ck ra tiv st e at ue sk y va m se o ge der om n et ric w hi te w at e fe r m sc a ul le pt u ca re rv in g Multi-Institutional Tagger: Museum Documentation st on e [terms assigned more than 50 times, by occurrence] m en fa c in e te rio pe r Do user tags differ from museum documentation? rs Multi-institutional Tagger: Terms Not Found inTerms Not Found in Museum Documentation on m et re al lig io n da rk Research Questions: Museum Documentation tr ee te xt il o e
  54. 54. Research Questions: Museum Documentation Multi-institutional Tagger: Terms Not Found inTerms Not Found in Museum Documentation Multi-Institutional Tagger: Museum Documentation [terms assigned more than 50 times, by occurrence] Top 100 Not Matched 200 subject 39 150 genre 27 Times Assigned color 10 100 geo-cultural 10 material 9 50 style/period 5 0 he ct es w al an om n st e en an on re al af e y te fe r o e n m se n e ric s ul le an re rse g pe r ee n d it en n ld ds ye s ue nd lue co ck e de rk ew ca re pa w in e e rio er u tiv sk t il on ap ge der ee c ia in re er io ra r llo et a ra go hi hi at da u e va a xt fa ou io tr m m ric et rs om om nu at flo br m as b lig rv w ho tt pt tr rt bl te gr st sc ra m w w st w lig te o flo cl po ab w d sc an de la k ac bl J. Trant Do user tags differ from museum documentation?
  55. 55. Research Questions: Extended Museum Documentation Are Tags in Other Forms of Museum Documentation? Useful? Genres ✓ gallery label text ✓ docent tour talking points / tour scripts ✓ special exhibition catalogue entries ✓ permanent collection guidebook text ✓ curatorial analysis or notes ✓ scholarly article ✓ web site 'feature' texts ✓ audio tours or podcasts ✓ newspaper/popular article
  56. 56. Research Questions: Extended Museum Documentation Are Tags in Other Forms of Museum Documentation? Useful? Genres ✓ gallery label text ✓ docent tour talking points / tour scripts ✓ special exhibition catalogue entries ✓ permanent collection guidebook text ✓ curatorial analysis or notes ✓ scholarly article ✓ web site 'feature' texts both scholarly ✓ audio tours or podcasts + general public ✓ newspaper/popular article
  57. 57. Research Questions: Extended Museum Documentation
  58. 58. Research Questions: Extended Museum Documentation 11 documents 19 distinct tags found 138 times 51 relevant 63% false matches 87 not relevant ... the house where he grew up ...
  59. 59. Research Questions: Extended Museum Documentation
  60. 60. Research Questions: Extended Museum Documentation ➡Extended documentation not better than online museum documentation ➡Text mining not algorithmic ➡Public genres not much better than scholarly
  61. 61. Do Museum Professionals find tags useful? http://conference.archimuse.com/jtrants
  62. 62. Research Questions: Usefulness research questions: social tagging and folksonomy analysis users folksonomy vocabulary sources who assigns what kinds of terms are terms found in... how many terms? are assigned? Art and Architecture Thesaurus terms tag works of art assigned 1 museum (AAT) records Union List of Artists Names how does users' terms (ULAN) tagging differ? assigned 2 searches of art image databases works of art J. Trant, February 2008 are terms applicable to based on Trant 2006 Do Museum Professionals Find Tagging Terminology Useful?
  63. 63. Research Questions: Usefulness research questions: social tagging and folksonomy analysis users folksonomy vocabulary sources who assigns what kinds of terms are terms found in... how many terms? are assigned? Art and Architecture Thesaurus terms tag works of art assigned 1 museum (AAT) records Union List of Artists Names how does users' terms (ULAN) tagging differ? assigned 2 searches of art image databases works of art J. Trant, February 2008 are terms applicable to based on Trant 2006 Do Museum Professionals Find Tagging Terminology Useful?
  64. 64. Research Questions: Usefulness if you found this work using this term in a query would you be surprised?
  65. 65. Research Questions: Usefulness 36,931 terms if you found this work using this term in a query would you be surprised?
  66. 66. Research Questions: Usefulness 12% no 88% yes Would Terms Be Useful for Searching?
  67. 67. Research Questions: Usefulness 12% no 88% yes 46% of users always contributed useful terms Would Terms Be Useful for Searching?
  68. 68. Research Questions: Usefulness In-depth study of a sample Sample Works: Useful terms
  69. 69. Research Questions: Usefulness In-depth study of a sample Sample Works: Useful terms
  70. 70. Research Questions: Usefulness In-depth study of a sample Sample Works: Useful terms
  71. 71. Research Questions: Usefulness In-depth study of a sample Sample Works: Useful terms
  72. 72. Research Questions: Usefulness In-depth study of a sample
  73. 73. Research Questions: Usefulness In-depth study of a sample
  74. 74. Research Questions: Usefulness Usefulness and Frequency
  75. 75. Research Questions: AAT/ULAN research questions: social tagging and folksonomy analysis users folksonomy vocabulary sources who assigns what kinds of terms are terms found in... how many terms? are assigned? Art and Architecture Thesaurus terms tag works of art assigned 1 museum (AAT) records Union List of Artists Names how does users' terms (ULAN) tagging differ? assigned 2 searches of art image databases works of art J. Trant, February 2008 are terms applicable to based on Trant 2006 Are tags in Museum Vocabulary Sources?

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