Chapter 22: T Development of he U.S. Foreign PolicyFlags from:www.fotw.net
Section 2: Shared Foreign Policy Powers Presidential Powers & Responsibilities Constitutional P owers1. Commander-in-Chief Head of State Pictures from www.whitehouse.gov2. What foreign policy powers does the President have as Head of State?
Section 2: Shared Foreign Policy Powers Foreign Policy Advisors1. Secretary of StateHillary Clinton2.Secretary of DefenseRobert Gates3. National Security AdvisorGeneral (ret.) James Jones Pictures from www.wikipedia.org
Section 3: State & Defense Departments Department of State Department of State created in 1789 Secretary of State is the highest ranking member of the Cabinet. State Departments “primary objective in the conduct of foreign relations is to promote the long-range security & well-being of the United States.” Pictures from www.wikipedia.org
Section 3: State & Defense Departments Department of State has four other important functions:1) Keep president informed about international relations2) To maintain diplomatic relations with foreign governments3) Negotiate treaties with foreign governments4) Protect the interests of Americans traveling abroad Pictures from www.wikipedia.org
Section 3: State & Defense Departments F assistant Secretaries of State administer five ive geographic bureaus:1. African Affairs2. European & Canadian Affairs3. East-Asian & Pacific Affairs4. Inter-American Affairs5. Near-Eastern Affairs Official assigned to serve abroad are members of the foreign service State Department maintains embassies and consulates in foreign capitals and major cities that the U.S. has diplomatic relations with.
Section 3: State & Defense Departments Department of Defense Department of Defense (DOD) supervises the armed forces of the U.S. 1. Army 2. Navy 3. Air Force 4. Nuclear Arsenal The U.S. military is controlled by civilians. The President is the Commander-in-Chief & he designates the Secretary of Defense to run the day to day affairs and supervise the J oint Chiefs of Staff.Pictures from www.wikipedia.org
Section 4: F oreign P olicy in Action to their security When nation feel a common threatthey form mutual defense alliances The United States is a member of three regionalsecurity pacts. Since WWII mutual defense alliances and regionalsecurity pacts, along with the United Nations haveprevented a third world war. Collective Security : a system by which theparticipating nations agree to take joint action againsta nation that attacks any one of them. “All for one andone for all.”
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NAT O) Formed after WWII to contain communism and the Soviet Union. Initially the Western European Democracies, the U.S. and Canada Since the end of the Cold War NATO has transformed into a peacekeeping organization with missions in the former Yugoslavia, & Afghanistan
Organization of American States Formed in 1947 with the Rio Pact Has served as a peacekeeping force and organization to promote democracy and diplomacy in the American hemisphere Strained by Cuban Crisis of the 1960s as well as the 1982 Falkland Islands War between Argentina and the United Kingdom in
ANZUS Australia, New Zealand, United StatesF ormed in 1951 as the main defense pact in the Pacific. ANZUS strained after 1984 when New Zealand adopted an anti- Nuclear policy