"Using Web 2.0 as a Weapon Against Corruption"


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Presentation at Highway Africa 2006, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa, 11 Sept 2006

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  • "Using Web 2.0 as a Weapon Against Corruption"

    1. 1. "Using Web 2.0 as a Weapon Against Corruption" Prof. Tom Johnson Institute for Analytic Journalism Santa Fe, New Mexico USA t o m @ j t j o h n s o n . c o m Highway Africa 2006 Rhodes University Grahamstown, South Africa 11 September 2006
    2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Think more deeply about how we do what we do as journalists </li></ul><ul><li>We tend to think that being a journalist is “All About Story.” (I think not.) </li></ul><ul><li>Think about the data that goes into a story and how it flows </li></ul>
    3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>Think about journalism’s future as a team effort </li></ul><ul><li>How to maximize the effectiveness of the team in serving democratic societies </li></ul><ul><li>Show some relatively new digital tools to build teams and enhance their coordination </li></ul>
    4. 4. Thinking Strategy and Process? <ul><li>Data  Analysis  Information </li></ul>STORY
    5. 5. RRAW-P Process of Journalism <ul><li>R esearch </li></ul><ul><li>R eporting </li></ul><ul><li>A nalysis </li></ul><ul><li>W riting </li></ul><ul><li>P ublishing- P roducing- P ackaging </li></ul>
    6. 6. Data/knowledge management <ul><li>You’re doing the Research </li></ul><ul><li>You’re doing the Reporting </li></ul><ul><li>You are doing – or need to do – some analysis </li></ul><ul><li>But…. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Data/knowledge management <ul><li>But…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigations often involve a BIG topic: big concepts and big data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data is in different formats: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Documents </li></ul><ul><li>Interview notes, </li></ul><ul><li>Photos, maps </li></ul><ul><li>Financial records (hard copy; digital) </li></ul><ul><li>Phone records </li></ul><ul><li>Organization charts </li></ul><ul><li>Social Network Analysis data/diagrams </li></ul>
    8. 8. Pre-Web 2.0? <ul><li>Old days : Applications and data limited to one desktop. Yours or someone else’s. </li></ul><ul><li>Access required you and data being in same place </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to share data; difficult (impossible?) for team to edit, update data </li></ul><ul><li>Data security? Low to none </li></ul>
    9. 9. What is “Web 2.0” ? <ul><li>Web-based application software </li></ul><ul><li>Often open source: free or low-cost (so far) </li></ul><ul><li>Continually collaboratively updated </li></ul><ul><li>Individual users add their own data to the collective knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Possibly linking to other web-based tools/services </li></ul>
    10. 10. New info. tools <ul><li>Internet ( not just “www”) info mgmt to desktop </li></ul><ul><li>The data we need is often NOT local </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stockholm Int’l Peace Research Institute www.sipri.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Apply RRAW-P process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply to plan projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply to manage projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply to review/edit work before publishing </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Planning for Story Tools for Finding Stories AND relevant data available to audiences Tools for Saving Tools for Sharing Tools for Analyzing
    12. 12. Tools for Analysis <ul><li>Data: Find  Retrieve  Store  Analyze </li></ul><ul><li>Writing is just another analytic tool </li></ul><ul><li>Databases </li></ul><ul><li>Spreadsheets </li></ul><ul><li>GIS Mapping </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.esri.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.sa-venues.com/maps / </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// library.stanford.edu/africa/southafrica / rsamaps.html (NB: non-Africa server) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.ru.ac.za /academic/departments/geography/ </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Investigations in Web 2.0 <ul><li>Bookmark Utilities </li></ul><ul><li>Online Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Online Applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keeping notes in multiple places with security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to share with team </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analytic tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tables </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spreadsheets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project planning </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Web 2.0 bookmarks <ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quickly and accurately grab necessary data like URLs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be able to annotate, edit and update </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be able to organize in a way that makes sense to YOU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be able to access from any browser anywhere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be able to share all or part of content </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Web 2.0 bookmark utilities <ul><li>Favorites or Bookmarks in browsers are an insult. Instead try: </li></ul><ul><li>www.tucows.com [Searchword “bookmark”] </li></ul><ul><li>www.furl.net </li></ul><ul><li>www.netsnippets.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.blinklist.com </li></ul>
    16. 16. Furl demo #1
    17. 17. Furl demo #2 Title grabbed automatically Correct URL saved YOU determine ranking You create “topic” filed singular or multiple And it’s all free (so far) www.furl.net
    18. 18. Finding “Bookmark Managers” <ul><li>Do a search in Google or AltaVista or Metacrawler using phrase “bookmark managers” </li></ul><ul><li>Go to “bookmark utilities” http://www.looksmart.com/eus1/eus53832/eus171615/eus171694/eus171723/eus171729/r?l& </li></ul><ul><li>Note attributes available </li></ul><ul><li>You probably want only one tool that meets your needs </li></ul>
    19. 19. Search at “www.tucows.com/ <ul><li>Tucows http://www.tucows.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Use “bookmark” but select your operating system </li></ul><ul><li>Tucows is handy because you can usually download the program from Tucows </li></ul>
    20. 20. Online storage <ul><li>Next to online bookmarks, most valuable of web utilities </li></ul><ul><li>If your car is stolen, with your laptop in it, you don’t care because the laptop isn’t valuable: what it holds is the most difficult -- and most expensive -- to replace. </li></ul>
    21. 21. Online Storage <ul><li>Google’s Gmail: 2.7gb (send file to yourself) </li></ul><ul><li>My Yahoo: 30mgb in “Briefcase” Can be shared. </li></ul><ul><li>Free Online Storage http:// www.emailaddresses.com/email_storage.htm This is a jump site to a collection of online storage sites, including most of these favorites listed below. </li></ul>
    22. 22. Online Storage <ul><li>Freedrive http:// www.freedrive.com 50mgb free storage. </li></ul><ul><li>FortuneCity http://www.fortunecity.com/free-services-b.shtml 100mgb free storage. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    23. 23. Online  Desktop application <ul><li>Xdrive http:// www.thinkfree.com/home_u.html 25mbg+ free storage. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct access to your X:drive account [on you desktop hard drive] as if it were one of your local drives. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can browse your X:drive account through Windows Explorer, save to your X:drive within applications, access and install files located in your X:drive over your Internet connection. </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Online applications <ul><li>Thinkfree http://www.thinkfree.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Suite of Microsoft Office-compatible applications. </li></ul><ul><li>Work on team documents, spreadsheets, and presentations anywhere, anytime (or use your Microsoft Office documents with ThinkFree Office)... </li></ul><ul><li>Store files and folders in web-based ThinkSafe cyberfolder... </li></ul>
    25. 25. Thinkfree #1 1gb free storage; shareable documents
    26. 26. A word of CAUTION!!!!!!!!!! <ul><li>Cyberspace and dot comms are a “sometimes thing.” </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t rely on any one company or site to hold your valuable work. </li></ul>
    27. 27. Other Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>www.google.com [click on “ More ”] </li></ul><ul><li>www.writely.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.socialtext.net </li></ul><ul><li>www.zoho.com </li></ul><ul><li>mediawiki.org/wiki/MediaWiki </li></ul>
    28. 28. Web 2.0 Applications <ul><li>Google Apps for Your Domain, a software bundle aimed at small and midsize companies. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free, ad-supported </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google's E-mail, calendar, and instant messaging with Web site creation software. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hosted in Google's data center; branded with customers' domain names; packaged with management tools for IT pros. </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. Furl.net
    30. 30. Writely
    31. 31. Web 2.0 Applications <ul><li>Welcome to Google Spreadsheet http://www.google.com/googlespreadsheets/tour1.html </li></ul><ul><li>Google Calendar http:// www.google.com/calendar/render?pli =1 </li></ul><ul><li>Socialtext http:// www.socialtext.net </li></ul><ul><li>MediaWikies http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/MediaWiki </li></ul>
    32. 32. Google Spreadsheets #1
    33. 33. IAJ at Socialtext
    34. 34. MediaWiki.org <ul><li>Similar technology as Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Open source; Can put on in-house servers </li></ul><ul><li>Saved and controlled-shared docs. </li></ul><ul><li>Free </li></ul>
    35. 35. Web 2.0 applications <ul><li>Zoho http:// zoho.com / </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zoho Show: Online presentation to create, edit, publish, and show presentations. 100% free </li></ul></ul>
    36. 36. Zoho homepage /
    37. 37. Zoho – ProjectMgmt (WWW.ZOHOPROJECTS.COM)
    38. 38. Investigations with Web 2.0: The Wrap Up <ul><li>Assume the data we want/need/use will be digital </li></ul><ul><li>Assume we will be collaborating with colleagues </li></ul><ul><li>Assume all of us will not be where the data is </li></ul>
    39. 39. Investigations with Web 2.0: The Wrap Up <ul><li>Assume we need back-ups and security </li></ul><ul><li>Assume we need tools and skills to store, find, retrieve, analyze and share the data </li></ul><ul><li>Assume we have to be in the “constant learning” mode </li></ul>
    40. 40. &quot;Using Web 2.0 as a Weapon Against Corruption&quot; Prof. Tom Johnson Institute for Analytic Journalism Santa Fe, New Mexico USA t o m @ j t j o h n s o n . c o m Highway Africa 2006 Rhodes University Grahamstown, South Africa 11 September 2006
    41. 41. SEARCH ENGINE GUIDE: Find the Right Tools for Your Research <ul><li>Basic information about Web research tools. </li></ul><ul><li>Does not attempt to link to every search engine or other finding aid, but…. </li></ul><ul><li>Important Facts About Search Engines </li></ul><ul><li>Search Engines </li></ul><ul><li>Meta Search Services </li></ul><ul><li>Indexes or Subject Directories </li></ul><ul><li>Databases [ Company , Health , Law , News ... more ] </li></ul><ul><li>Specialty Search Services [ Health , Law , News ... more ] </li></ul><ul><li>More Search Engine Resources </li></ul>
    42. 42. Standard Search Engines <ul><li>http://www.altavista.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.excite.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.lycos.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.go.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.hotbot.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.google.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.yahoo.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wisenut.com </li></ul><ul><li>Quite generic in content unless using “advanced” techniques </li></ul>
    43. 43. Alternative Search Engines (category/collections/clustering): <ul><li>www.northernlight.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.grokker.com </li></ul><ul><li>search.yahoo.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.soople.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.vivisimo.com </li></ul><ul><li>teoma.com </li></ul><ul><li>clusty.com / </li></ul><ul><li>a9.com </li></ul><ul><li>Some are “for fee,” but very good </li></ul><ul><li>Often clustered or categorized results </li></ul>
    44. 44. Metasearch Engines <ul><li>www.dogpile.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.search.look smart.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.metacrawler.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.mamma.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.search.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.alltheweb.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.zapmeta.com </li></ul><ul><li>Pros and cons </li></ul>
    45. 45. Manage your bookmarks <ul><li>IE’s “Favorites” and Netscape’s Bookmarks are inadequate for more than 25 bookmarks. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficult or impossible to alphabetize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficult or impossible to annotate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficult or impossible to capture whole page and related links. Page changes tomorrow and you’re left with only memories. </li></ul></ul>
    46. 46. Finding “bookmark managers” <ul><li>Think about criteria you need: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Date of capture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to annotate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to capture content and links </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to exchange with others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to organize in different ways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Always be accessible“ </li></ul></ul>
    47. 47. Let the “Alert Bots” Do the Walking <ul><li>As websites increase exponentially, impossible to track changes </li></ul><ul><li>“Bots” (i.E. “Intelligent agents”) are on the job 24x7 </li></ul><ul><li>“Alert” messages follow you via e-mail </li></ul>
    48. 48. Major Alert Sites for Journalists <ul><li>PassingNotes.com http:// www.passingnotes.com/research.php?t =sub_pages&cat=35 </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Dedman’s PowerReporting http://powerreporting.com/category/Alerts_for_journalists </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity Alert Services http://www.umass.edu/research/ora/alert.html </li></ul><ul><li>ChangeDetect http://www.changedetect.com/?msg=Complete+this+form </li></ul><ul><li>Profusion http://www.profusion.com/ </li></ul>
    49. 49. Finding listserv and newsgroups <ul><li>Listservs </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.liszt.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://tile.net/lists/ </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.lsoft.com/scripts/wl.exe?qL =journalism&F=L&F=T </li></ul><ul><li>Newsgroups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.google.com </li></ul></ul>
    50. 50. Why we need new tools and skills <ul><li>City of Tshwane and its budget http:// www.tshwane.gov.za/docs_search.cfm </li></ul><ul><li>Where did we find this document and when? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep URL. Keep digital file on PC and web storage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extract text for quotes? </li></ul><ul><li>Extract financial tables for analysis? (NB: Alphabetical organization isn’t always the best way to understand data) </li></ul><ul><li>Extract infographics for print and TV? </li></ul><ul><li>But how to do all these things and how to share the data and results? </li></ul>
    51. 51. Elements of All Reporting <ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>Analytic Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul>Content Analytic Tools Methodology