#3-GIS as Unifying Theory for the Social Sciences and Journalism (Span-English).ppt

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Third lecture in a series given at the Univ. of Zulie (Maracaibo, Venezuela) 14 Feb 2007. Slides are mostly Spanish, with some English.

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  • thanq its really nice as well as useful to me in thinking about advancement comes together with think of which.... very nice work.... tanq for this.....

    Janie
    http://financejedi.com
    http://healthjedi.com
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  • “Geographic Information Systems: “Sistemas geográficos de información
    Unifying Theory (and Methods) forJournalism and the Social Sciences?”
    ¿Unificando la teoría (y los métodos) para el periodismo y las ciencias sociales?
  • Periodismo es…
    “El propósito central del periodismo es proveer a los ciudadanos de información veraz y socialmente importante, necesaria en función de las necesidades de la sociedad libre”
    The story is NOT the singularly important product of journalism. Information -- that knowledge which can be used to make decisions -- is the important thing that journalism should provide our fellow citizens.La historias no es singularmente importante producto del periodismo. Información- que el conocimientio puede ser usado para tomar decisiones- es el punto importamnte que el periodismo debe proveer a nuestros ciudadanos.
  • Objectives
    SIG is relatively mature as a discipline for making two-dimension maps; progress in 3-D; VRML
    Strong statistical tools
    Correlation between power of the tool and potential to do harm
    Objetivos:
    SIG es relativamente maduro como disciplina para hacer mapas de dos dimensiones; progreso en 3-D; VRML
    Es una fuerte herramienta de análisis
    Hay una correlación entre el poder de la herramienta y el potencial para hacer daño
  • Objectives
    Increasingly easy for citizens to literally see patterns and trends
    Baltimore stuff
    NYC 3-D of Dorothy’s building
    Reflects a major power shift from authorities to citizens
    People LIKE maps
    Objetivos:
    Cada vez es más fácil para los ciudadanos ver patrones y tendencias
    Baltimore stuff
    NYC 3-D del edificio de Dorothy
    Refleja un poder mayor para el cambio desde las autoridades a los ciudadanos
    A las personas le gustan los mapas
  • Objectives
    That shift means that we as journalists and social scientists have to be better at using the data and tools to
    Make sense out of various phenomena
    Tell the stories reflecting our analysis and interpretation in a manner better than citizens can do on their own. Otherwise our work is irrelevant, devoid of meaning and utility for citizens. When that happens not only are we out of work, but a different kind of democracy may be afoot. Hyper-individuation and quasi-anarchy may be a possible result.
    Objetivos
    Ese cambio significa que nosotros como periodistas y cientificos sociales tenemos que hacerlo mejor usando la data y las herramientas para:
    Contar historias que reflejen nuestro análisis e interpretación de manera mejor que los ciudadanos pueden hacerlo por ellos mismos. Si no nuetro trabajo es irrelevante, desprovisto de significado y utilidad para los ciudadanos. Cuando eso sucede no solo estamos fuera del trabajo, sino un tipo diferente de democracia puede estar por venir. Hiper-individualización y cuasi-anarquía puede resultar posible.
  • Objectives
    Quick introduction to SIG (Geographical Information Systems/Science) -- definitions and concepts
    SIG = a tool for all aspects of publishing and broadcasting
    News/editorial -- circulation -- advertising -- marketing -- production
    Objetivos:
    Rápida introducción al SIG o SIG (en español) (Sistema de información geográfica) definiciones y conceptos
    GIS: una herramienta para todos llos aspectos de publicación y transmisión
    Noticias/editorial—circulación—publicidad--mercadeo--producción
  • Objectives
    Whet appetite for the types of stories/products/ services better understood and communicated by GIS
    Trigger some ideas on how to make current content (stories, advertising, services) better
    Show that all this is knowable, possible and affordable
    Objetivos:
    Despertar el apetito por este tipo de historias/productos/servicios son mejor entendidos y comunicados por el GIS
    Dispara algunas ideas sobre como hacer el contenido actual (historias, publicidad, servicios) mejor
    Muestra que todos es sabido, posible y producible
  • Key points
    SIG as important as telecommunications, word processing, spreadsheets and data bases to Digital Age journalists
    SIG is not about making maps, per se.
    It is about analyzing often large sets of data to generate information – hypotheses, conclusions, insights, new hunches – about widely varied socio-economic phenomena.
    Maps are one unique aspect/artifact of the methodology. But not the end product: knowledge and insight are.
    Puntos clave
    SIG es tan importante como las telecomunicaciones, los procesadores de palabras, hojas de cálculo y las bases de dato en la era digital de los periodistas
    SIG no es sólo hacer mapas per se
    También sirve para analizar frecuentemente largos sistemas de datos para generar información– hipótesis, conclusiones, profundizar en el tema, nuevas propuestas—abiertamente sobre un fenomeno socieconomica variado.
    Los mapas un aspecto unico/artefacto de la metodología. Pero no el producto final: el conocimiento and insight are
  • Key points
    SIG is about being better – more insightful – journalists (Journos good at description, not analysis. SIG will make us better analysts, ultimately supplying readers with a better description of event or phenomena.)
    SIG is about literally showing our readers stories in ways they can quickly grasp.
    Puntos claves
    SIG es acerca de hacerlo mejor-más profundidad- periodistas
    Los periòdicos son buenos en la descripción, no en el análisis. SIG nos hará mejores analistas, en ultima instancia proveerá a los lectores con una descripción mejor del evento o fenomeno
    SIG es literalmente acerca de mostrale a sus lectores historias de forma que puedan capturarlo rápidamente
  • Puntos clave
    SIG es una rica, herramienta de cambio que puede ser empleada a través de la organización mediatica
    Promueve el conocimiento compartido y la profundidad
    Un fabuloso “Yo no sé eso” dispositivos para managers, periódicos y lectores ¿¿¿???
  • <number>
    “Information System with the Face of a Map”
    User Skills = front-loaded training + continuous investment in people
    Sistemas de información con la cara del mapa
    Habilidades de los usuarios:
    Frente-cargado entrenamiento+inversión continua en las personas
  • If we only look at data as series of letters and numbers, it is simply too difficult to understand, to draw any meaning. Which is highest, lowest of X. Where is nation Y on the globe compared to nation Z? Are there any patterns in this table? Any changes over time? Too time consuming to make meaning from.
    Si sólo miramos la data como series de letras y números, es simplemente muy dificil de entender, para dibujar un significao. El cual es mayor, menor que X. Dónde está la nación Y en el globo comparada con la nación Z? hay algunos patrones en esta tabla? Algunos cambios en el tiempo? Mucho tiempo consumiendo
  • Prompts you to set vehicle speeds over your street network
    Builds delivery routes based on actual network drive times, not straight-line distances
    Takes into account specialty of vehicles and drivers
    Imports customer orders from any Open Database
    Connectivity-Compliant database
    Geocodes customer addresses
    Outputs route summary reports, detailed and overview maps, street-level directions, driver
    manifests, and more.
    reduced mileage
    reduced overtime
    better schedule adherence
    higher customer satisfaction
    more "first trip" job completions
    better asset yield
    more stops per day
    better directions
    streamlined route-planning process
  • Production? - Prod. employees homes - Toxic waste sites - Copies of varied editions or products
    Do newspaper printing plants have to print only newspapers?
    Producción
    Empleados en casa
    Tóxico pierde sitios
    Copias de ediciones o prductos variado
    Hacer un periódico impreso plantea tener solo un periodico impreso
  • How Production can use GIS
    Press status?
    Repair reports
    Equipment maintenance schedule
    Facilities management
    Clickable Campus #1
    Press status?
    Repair reports: Can display a geographical pattern of problems that might not be mechanical or explained initiatively. Perhaps a whole team of workers in the same dept. simply were not trained correctly and are all making the same mistake? Or perhaps a particular resource is contaminated? Is the paper web not quite aligned or??????
    Equipment maintenance schedule: a good data base and map layers can show different types of equipment that could, perhaps, be taken care of by one visit to machine A, even though the schedule might not yet call for a check of Machine B. If the engineer is there on Tuesday, does he really have to go back again on Friday?
    Facilities management
  • Back office? - Employee homes - Accounts due - Travel time to work - Health-care facilities
    De vuelta en la oficina
    Empleados en casa
    Cuentas debidas
    Viaje tiempos para trabajar
    Cuidados de salud facilitados
  • Backoffice
    Clickable Campus #1http://www.sfsu.edu/clickmap/sfsumap.htm
    Designing work space
    Allocating office space
    Tracking office equipment
    Building Maintenance
    De vuelta en la oficina
    Cliquea en http://www.sfsu.edu/clickmap/sfsumap.htm
    Asignación espacio oficina
    Seguimiento de los equipos de oficina
    Mantenimiento del edificio
  • Personnel (Human Relations?)
    Mapping employees residence
    Who is available to covering breaking story?
    Sharing transportation:
    “Suggested” co-op transit
    “Ride sharing”
    Adjusting work schedules to avoid traffic congestion
    Personal (relaciones humanas)
    Mapeando la residencia de los empleados
    Quien está disponible para cubrir la historia?
    Compartiendo transporte:
    Sugiere
    Compartir
    Ajustar los horarios del trabajo para evitar la congestión de tráfico
  • Editorial? - Demographics - Crime - Housing - Businesses - Voting patterns/places - Education
    Campaign Contributions
    Public Health - Taxation- Church membership- Environment- Traffic- Urban sprawl- Political negotiations
  • Frenso Bee story: http://www.valleymeth.com/graphics/superlabs.html
    Philadelphia Inquirer’s daily commuter patterns
    San Jose Mercury News projected mud slides, building permits
    Historia de Frenso Bee http://www.valleymeth.com/graphics/superlabs.html
    Los patrones diarios de los viajeros del Philadelphia Inquirer’s
  • How reporters use GIS
    Weather
    Hurricane Andrew
    Census analysis/story telling
    USAToday http://www.usatoday.com/news/census/index.htm
    Crime mapping
    Crime Mapping Research Centerhttp://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij/maps/
    Crime mapping tutorial http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/NACJD/cmtutorial.html
    Story telling, economics, education, urban development, taxation, voting patterns, environment, traffic
  • http://www.regis.berkeley.edu/baydelta.html
    Historic Bay Margins
    The historic margins of bay open waters and marshlands provide a useful indicator for identifying lowlands and
    areas with potential for wetland restoration (when used in conjunction with layers on land uses and constraints).
    Source: Preliminary map of historic margins of marshland, San Francisco Bay, California / by Donald R.
    Nichols and Nancy A. Wright. [Menlo Park]: United States Geological Survey, 1971. Scale 1:125,000. Series
    title: Basic data contribution; 9.
    Note: the images at center and right are a temporary setup for the Marin Independent Journal, 2-20-95. In the
    center: historic open water (blue), historic marsh (light green), and present shoreline (black). Compare to
    Wetlands (above) to note wetland losses to salt evaporators (red) and farmed wetlands (tan). The image at the
    right used GRASS GIS software to isolate existing land uses in what were once historic open water or
    marshlands. Note the importance of the remaining marshlands in the Petaluma River mouth and Suisun Marsh;
    and historic impacts of salt evaporators and airports.
  • 3D display of crimes against taxi drivers
    Note: Layers
    Vertical “pins” used to display specific incidents in all variable layers
    Pin connected to multi-variable – and often non-geographic – database
    3D exhibición de crímenes contra choferes de taxi
    Nota: capas
    Los pines verticales son usados para exhibir especificamente los incidentes en todas las capas variable
    El pin coectado a un multivariable—y no usualmente no geográfico-base de dato
  • Same data base but now the map has been rotated 180-degrees, just as though a helicopter were flying over the city and its passengers were trying out various spatical hunches.
    Human brain can often see connections that the computers might not be programmed to recognize. But vice-versa is also true.
    La misma base de datos pero ahora el mapa ha sido rotado 180 grados, solo como aunque un helicopetro estuviera volando sobre la ciudad y sus pasajeros estuviesen tratando fuera varios spaticla hunches
    El cerebro humano puede usualemnte ver las conexiones que el computador no están programadas para reconocer. Pero viceversa es también verdad.
  • Again, using the same data base but to tease information from the data using a different – but closely-coupled – analytic tool.
    Otra vez, usando la misma base de datos pero tease la información desde la data usandola diferebre—pero cerrada-doble- herramienta analística
  • Trends: Animated mapping
    Maps and images that can be controlled, on the WWW, but by the user.
    Emphasis is on layering
    Note, the graphics are tied, in a fundamental way, to the database. Any map is only as good as the database used to create it.
    Manhattan Timeformations: http://www.skyscraper.org/timeformations/animation.html
    Manhattan Timeformations: a computer model which simultaneously presents a layered, cartographic history of the lower half of Manhattan Island, and an exploded time line chronicling the real estate development of high-rise office buildings, which constitute the skylines of Midtown and Downtown Manhattan. Be sure to click “Next” to see all the forms.
  • Trends: Concept Mapping
    Intellectual – or conceptual space -- geography
    How are ideas related?
    How are people or places with or tied to ideas/concepts related?
    Where is cyberspace? How to map it?
    Atlas of Cyberspace
    Web Mapping http://www.cybergeography.org/atlas/web_sites.html
    Mapping how people use a web sitehttp://mappa.mundi.net/maps/maps_022/
    Show me the Power Players in a society?http://theyrule.orgo.org/
  • Techniques and tools to visualize dynamic processes like Web usage are poorly developed. In this issue of Map of the Month we look at the work of one of the leading researchers trying to overcome this weakness, through the use of the concept of organic information design. His name is Ben Fry and he works in the MIT Media Lab, where he is busy creating innovative adaptive visualizations of how people use websites. http://mappa.mundi.net/maps/maps_022/
  • This page spread shows VR visualisation of Web traffic as virtual skyscrapers. It was created by Stephen E. Lamm, Daniel A. Reed and Will H. Scullin.]
    SOURCE: http://www.cybergeography.org/atlasofcyberspace_content1_3.html
  • Newsmap:
    Is this SIG? Not in the traditional manner, but SIG can move us very quickly and closely to Infographics. Here we have a sense of the geography of news, but also the news items.
    The digital magazine of InfoVis.net.
    [Number 113]
    Visualising Social Interaction
    by Juan C. Dürsteler
    Social interaction provides us with visual patterns that help us to situate ourselves in our environment. In Internet, however, this doesn’t happen so easily. Some visualisations are appearing to remedy the problem.
    See the illustrated version of this issue at http://www.infovis.net/E-zine/2003/num_113.htm
    Social interaction produces many visual patterns we are so used to that we don’t notice them. But they provide us with indispensable information in order for us to navigate our social environment.
    Some of these patterns deal with the flux of human activity, like the colourful scene of the bathers in a swimming pool or the appearance of the mushroom-shaped silhouettes of the umbrellas in a rainy afternoon. They allow us to situate and to coordinate our behaviour with that of the environment. Haven’t you ever felt strange dressed in a dinner jacket on a nudist beach, or wearing a swimming suit at a Christmas party?
    Other visual patterns are related to affiliation, like the one made up of the business suits getting off a commuter train early in the morning. We create these and many other patterns just by standing where we stand and being what we are. This is what some call “social weather” http://www.kottke.org/02/09/020930social_weath.html, something that you can feel immediately in a soccer match where it can sometimes be really stormy depending on the results of the local team...
    But in cyberspace the social interaction is becoming more and more important and we don’t have the indicators that the visualisation of our immediate environment provides. For example, when we are at the office a simple look around at our environment allows us to know who is present and who isn’t, the ones that are interacting and the ones that are buried in solitary work.
    Not so in Internet where it’s not easy to know what the social network we are interacting with is like, who is doing what and where the social magma we are incorporated in goes.
    Some initiatives are working on this in order to remedy the situation. We already spoke about chat visualisation in issue 46 (http://www.infovis.net/E-zine/num_46.htm) or about digital cities in issue 102 (http://www.infovis.net/E-zine/2002/num_102.htm), But there’s still more:
    A good starting point is Judith Donat’s PhD thesis , http://smg.media.mit.edu/people/Judith/Thesis/. Donath works for MIT Media Lab and is one of the most active researchers in this field. For her, one of cyberspace’s most important problems is the absence of a body that in the social reality provides us with the possibility of
    * Expression: Verbal but mainly non verbal. How we move, how we dress.
    * Presence. Where we are, with whom, in which social circle we are moving.
    * Control. Social control of individuals has been centred on the body but it is lacking in cyberspace...
    * Recognition. Typically associated to the face, it allows us to assert the others identity.
    So that many of the visualisations are centred on the representation of
    * presence, how many there are
    * identity, who they are
    * interaction in abstract, who relates to whom
    * conversation as exchange of messages
    The most evident schemes draw the social networks as graphs, i.e. nodes representing the actors and lines or arrows that represent the link between them. One of the most well known is the typical organization chart of a company. A more advanced example http://www.mpi-fg-koeln.mpg.de/%7Elk/netvis/SocMorph.html shows the so called Hxaro practice of exchanging gifts among the members of the ¡Kung culture in Botswana and Namibia.
    Chat Circles http://chatcircles.media.mit.edu/ by Fernanda Viegas, is a chat where your presence is revealed by a coloured circle, you have a history of the conversation in the form of a line with transversal bars proportional in length to the duration of every message. Your presence leaves a trace that vanishes slowly taking about 10 hours in the process.
    We have also seen in issues 65, 66 and 67 the visualisation of the visits to a web site, but Nelson Minar offers us a different perspective in http://xenia.media.mit.edu/~nelson/research/crowdvis/. Every visitor is a coloured point close to the web page he/she is visiting.
    Visual Who, http://persona.www.media.mit.edu/Judith/VisualWho/, from Judith Donath, places the people in a space related to certain mailing lists. The colour of the names and their situation in space reveal the affinity with each of the lists. As new participants add new themes the morphology of the representation changes.
    IBM’s “Social Computing” group is also specially active. Babble http://www.research.ibm.com/SocialComputing/SCGpapers.htm is a chat visualiser that represent every conversation as a circle where you find smaller inscribed circles that represent the individuals. The more in the periphery the less active in the conversation, the closer they are, the more involved in mutual conversation.
    As we can see there are multiple ongoing initiatives. Nevertheless and despite the activity deployed by Donath’s group, IBM and other groups and the richness of some representations, I’ve got the impression that we still have a long road ahead before we can interact on the Net with a visual support so rich and versatile so as to allow the deployment of the abundant resources of social interaction we are used to in the real world.
    ------
    This article has seen the light thanks to a conversation with Ben Hyde http://hydesign.blogspot.com who was also kind enough to provide a handful of links, some of which you can find attached.
    Sociable Media Group MIT
    http://smg.media.mit.edu/
    Contact map
    http://hci.stanford.edu/cs377/nardi-schiano/netWORK%26ContactMap.pdf
    Bonnie Nardi
    http://www.darrouzet-nardi.net/bonnie/
    Virtual Playground: Architectures for a Shared Virtual World http://www.hitl.washington.edu/publications/r-98-12/
    Orgnet's - Inflow software see: http://radio.weblogs.com/0114726/2003/01/02.html#a176
    Jonathan Schull's Macroscope Manifesto
    http://radio.weblogs.com/0104369/stories/2002/04/09/macroscope022702.htm
    IdeasBazaar
    http://www.ideasbazaar.co.uk/Linkship.pps
    http://www.ideasbazaar.co.uk/blog/archives/cat_networks.html#000048
    Spring
    http://www.usercreations.com/spring/
    visual p-wiki's
    http://c2.com/cgi/tour
    http://phpwiki.sourceforge.net/phpwiki/VisualWiki
  • Major trends in JAGIS
    Transparency
    Easy access to data of all sorts
    Data-based decision making
    Vital to informed government, business, culture
    Dynamic mapping
    Data/information when and where we want it
  • Major trends in JAGIS
    Concept mapping
    Reflects pervasive interlocking relationships between people, between ideas, linking decisions to data
    Geo-location
    Real time, wireless location of people, events, resources
    Cyber-geographyhttp://www.cybergeography.org/geography_of_cyberspace.html
  • The hammer and chisel is not the cabinet. (e.g. “The tool is not the product.”)
    That means, focus on the information/understanding that SIG can assist with, not just using SIG because it’s fun or pretty or even because it makes newspaper artists’ work easier.
    Skillful use of the tool can be applied to many different products with same data but different objectives.
    Just as that hammer and chisel can be used to cut out a mortise for a door hinge, the exact same tools can be used to carve a graceful statue. It’s just a matter of having a clear vision of what you want to do and having the skills to do so. But just as one can learn in a few minutes how to lay out and chisel out a mortise for a door and then spend years learning how to make a carving with the same tools, so too with GIS.
    Johnson’s Law: the potential power of the tool is directly correlated with the ability to make mistakes of incomprehensible magnitude. And SIG is a very, very powerful tool. If not used correctly…..
    Skillful use of the tool can be applied to many different products with same data and the same objectives. Ergo…
    Making a map of where employees live is exactly the same process as making a map of where the legislatures live.
    It’s in the interest of all in organization to cooperate in building a SIG infrastructure/skill set in the organization. Great synergy for the enterprise.
    Focus on the infinitive to transact, not the noun of product
    How do we, as a journalistic organization, become the place of intellectual transactions for our communities – economic, social, political, intellectual, cultural?
  • Conclusion: Why journos need to know about GIS?
    Can make us better journalists and improves civic contribution. (Philadelphia data)
    Makes the invisible visible
    Literally shows the story to our readers
    Helps readers connect with us and vice versa
    It can make all aspects of our business run more efficiently, profitably
    Government and business are using GIS. Ergo, we need to know enough to ask informed questions. And if government is not using it, then we should find out why.
  • #3-GIS as Unifying Theory for the Social Sciences and Journalism (Span-English).ppt

    1. 1. 1 Seminario enSeminario en Periodismo AnalíticoPeriodismo Analítico 14 Febrero, 2007 University de Zulia w w w . a n a l y t i c j o u r n a l i s m . c o m t o m @ a n a l y t i c j o u r n a l i s m . c o m
    2. 2. 2 ““Sistemas geográficos deSistemas geográficos de información”:información”: Unificando la teoría y los métodosUnificando la teoría y los métodos científicos para el periodismo y lascientíficos para el periodismo y las ciencias socialesciencias sociales Seminario en Periodismo AnalíticoSeminario en Periodismo Analítico Prof. Tom Johnson Institute for Analytic Journalism Santa Fe, New Mexico EEUU t o m @ j t j o h n s o n . u s
    3. 3. 3 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Periodismo es… “El propósito central del periodismo es proveer a los ciudadanos de información veraz y socialmente importante, necesaria en función de las necesidades de la sociedad libre” - Bill Kovach, curator Nieman Foundation Harvard University
    4. 4. 4 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Objetivos  El SIG es relativamente maduro como disciplina para hacer mapas de dos dimensiones; progreso en 3-D; VRML  Es una fuerte herramienta de análisis  Hay una correlación entre el poder de la herramienta y el potencial de la misma para hacer daño
    5. 5. 5 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Objetivos  Cada vez es más fácil para los ciudadanos ver patrones y tendencias  Baltimore stuff  NYC 3-D del edificio de Dorothy  Refleja un mayor poder para el cambio desde las autoridades a los ciudadanos  A las personas le gustan los mapas
    6. 6. 6 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Objetivos  Ese cambio significa que nosotros como periodistas y cientificos sociales tenemos que hacerlo mejor usando la data y las herramientas para:  Darle sentido a los fenómenos  Contar las historias que reflejen nuestro análisis e interpretación de manera diferente a la que podrían realizar los ciudadanos
    7. 7. 7 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Objetivos  Rápida introducción al GIS o SIG (en español) (Sistema de información geográfica) definiciones y conceptos  GIS: una herramienta para todos los aspectos de publicación y transmisión: Noticias/editorial—circulación—publicidad-- mercadeo--producción
    8. 8. 8 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Objetivos  Despertar el apetito por este tipo de historias/productos/servicios ya que son mejor entendidos y comunicados por el GIS  Dispara algunas ideas sobre como hacer el contenido actual (historias, publicidad, servicios) mejor  Muestra que todos es sabido, posible y producible
    9. 9. 9 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Puntos Clave  SIG es tan importante como las telecomunicaciones, los procesadores de palabras, hojas de cálculo y las bases de dato en la era digital de los periodistas  SIG no es sólo hacer mapas per se  También sirve para analizar frecuentemente largos sistemas de datos para generar información– hipótesis, conclusiones, profundizar en el tema, nuevas propuestas —abiertamente sobre un fenómeno socieconómica variado.  Los mapas son un aspecto unico/artefacto de la metodología. Pero no el producto final.
    10. 10. 10 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Puntos Clave  SIG es acerca de hacerlo mejor-más profundidad- periodistas (Los periódicos son buenos en la descripción, no en el análisis. SIG nos hará mejores analistas, en ultima instancia proveerá a los lectores con una descripción mejor del evento o fenómeno  SIG es acerca de mostrale a sus lectores historias de forma que puedan capturarlo rápidamente
    11. 11. 11 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Puntos Clave  SIG es una rica, herramienta de cambio que puede ser empleada a través de la organización mediática  Promueve el conocimiento compartido y la profundidad  A terrific “I didn’t know that!” device for managers, journos and readers
    12. 12. 12 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Abriéndose paso con el GIS Digital Maps Data Bases Automated Mapping Address GeoCoding Source: Yutaka Harada, National Research Institute of Police Science, Japan Habilidades de losHabilidades de los usuarios =usuarios = Entrenamiento +Entrenamiento + InversiónInversión continuacontinua enen las personaslas personas
    13. 13. 13 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ What is GIS- Layers concept illustrated
    14. 14. 14 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Rápido poder de los mapas
    15. 15. 15 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Rápido poder de los mapas Velocidad de Conexión Africana 20001997 Source: http://www3.sn.apc.org/africa/afrmain.htm
    16. 16. 16 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Rápido poder de los mapas ANGOLA 12.09 3023 1684 4000 82 5 4 192
    17. 17. 17 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Rápido poder de los mapas : Los mismos datos-Gráfico de barras
    18. 18. 18 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Rápido poder de los mapas : Los mismos datos
    19. 19. 19 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Portland, Oregon Crime Mapping Home page http://www.portlandonline.com/police/index.cfm?c=29830
    20. 20. 20 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Portland, Oregon Crime mapping Note como la base de datos produce gráficos y mapas. This Portland, Oregon site at http://www.portlandpolicebureau .com/crimemapper.html
    21. 21. 21 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ SIG en todo los departamentos: Publicidad Departamento de ventas? - No. de anunciantes potenciales – No de no-anunciantes - Ingreso de la ciudad - Edad de la población
    22. 22. 22 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ SIG en todo los departamentos: Circulación Circulación? - N° de copias por distrito o municipio - # de distribuidores por ruta - Penetración - Tiempo de distribución
    23. 23. 23 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Route mapping-DeliveryRoute Mapeando rutas
    24. 24. 24 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Mapeando los recursos de las rutas de los diarios  http://www.esri.com/software/arclogistics/inde  RealAudio clips describen la ruta de ArcLogistics http://www.esri.com/software/ arclogistics/ Demos de video (#1&2 Real Audio; #3 Windows Media Player) http://www.esri.com/software/arclogistics /demos.html
    25. 25. 25 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ SIG está en todos los departamentos: Producción Producción - Casas de los empleados de producción - Sitios tóxicos - Copias de ediciones y productos
    26. 26. 26 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Cómo la producíón puede usar GIS  Status de la prensa?  Reportes de reparaciones  Horario del equipo de mantenimiento  Facilidades gerenciales Clickable Campus #1
    27. 27. 27 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ SIG en todos los departmentos: BackOffice Back office? - Casas de los empleados - Cuentas debidas - Tiempo de viaje para llegar al trabajo -Facilidades de cuidado sanitario
    28. 28. 28 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Backoffice – Facilities Mgmt.  Clickable Campus #1 http://www.sfsu.edu/clickmap/sfsumap.htm  Diseñando el espacio de trabajo  Asignación del espacio de oficina  Siguiendo al equipo de oficina  Mantenimiento del edificio
    29. 29. 29 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Personal  Mapeando la residencia de los empleados  Quien está disponible para cubrir la historia?  Compartiendo el transporte :  “Suggested” co-op transit  Compartir  Ajustar los horarios del trabajo para evitar la congestión de tráfico
    30. 30. 30 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ SIG en la EditorialEditorial -Demográfico - Crimen -Hogares - Negocios - Patrones de votación/lugares - Educación - Contribución a las campañas -Salud pública - Impuestos -Membresía a a iglesia -- Ambiente -- Tráfico - Urbanización --Negociaciones políticas (e.g. India and Pakistan, Ecuador and Peru, Guatemala and Belize, Russia and Japan, Britain and Argentina)
    31. 31. 31 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ PhillyNgbh1
    32. 32. 32 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ PhillyNgbh2
    33. 33. 33 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ PhillyNgbh3
    34. 34. 34 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ PhillyNgbh4
    35. 35. 35 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Como los editores en línea usan GIS  Fresno Bee Methamphetamine lab story http://www.valleymeth.com/graphics/ superlabs.html  Philadelphia Inquirer’s daily commuter patterns http://www.smartraveler.com/scripts/phlmap.asp?city=phl&cityname=P  Using Marketing Data (Jennifer LaFleur and Michelle Quinn) http://cronkite.pp.asu.edu/census/knight/lafleur .html
    36. 36. 36 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Cómo los reporteros usan GIS  Clima  Hurricane Andrew  Census analysis/story telling  USAToday http://www.usatoday.com/news/census/index.htm  Mapeando el crimen  Crime Mapping Research Center http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij/maps/  Crime mapping tutorial http://www.icpsr.umich.edu /NACJD/cmtutorial.html  Story telling, economics, education, urban develo
    37. 37. 37 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ USAToday
    38. 38. 38 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ USAToday
    39. 39. 39 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ USA Today
    40. 40. 40 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ USA Today
    41. 41. 41 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Orange County, California Bus Study Orange County, California Estudio de la ruta de bus
    42. 42. 42 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Weather-Hurricane Andrew Clima - Huracan Andrew
    43. 43. 43 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Estudios Ambientales SF Bay Shoreline (original) SF Bay Shoreline (original+50 yrs) SF Bay Shoreline (original+100yrs)
    44. 44. 44 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ 3DTaxiCrimeMapView1 Vista 3D del crimen a Taxis
    45. 45. 45 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ 3DTaxiCrimeMapView2 Vista 3 D rotada del crimen a Taxis
    46. 46. 46 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ 3DTaxiCrimeGraph
    47. 47. 47 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Aplicaciones no tradicionales  En el área de Defensa --> Periodismo  Google Maps http://maps.google.com/  Google Earth http://earth.google.com/
    48. 48. 48 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Tendencias: animando los mapas  Los mapas e imágenes pueden ser controlados, en la www, por el usuarios  El énfasis está en las capas  Nota. Los gráficos están atados, en un modo fundamental, a la base de datos. Cualquier mapa es solo tan bueno como la base de datos usada para crearlo.  Manhattan Timeformations: http://www.skyscraper.org/timeformations /animation.html
    49. 49. 49 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Tendencias: Concepto de mapeado  Intelectual- o espacio conceptual— geografía  Como están relacionadas las ideas?  Como son las personas o los lugares atado a ideas/conceptos relacionados??  Donde está el ciberespacio? Como mapearlo??  Atlas del Ciberespacio  Mapeando la web http://www.cybergeography.org/atlas/web_sites.html  Mapeado de como las personas usan un sitio web http://mappa.mundi.net/maps/maps_022/  Muestra los jugadores de poder en una sociedad?? http://theyrule.orgo.org/
    50. 50. 50 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Tendencias: Mapas del contenido de un sitio web
    51. 51. 51 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Trends: Fry’s Web site mapBen Fry's anemone visualization of website usage
    52. 52. 52 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Tendencias: Mapeadno el ciberespacio VR visualisación del tráfico en la web
    53. 53. 53 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Trends: PowerPlayers1http://theyrule.orgo.org/
    54. 54. 54 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Tendencias: Jugadores de poder
    55. 55. 55 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Trends: PowerPlayers3
    56. 56. 56 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Mapeando conceptos  Newsmap http://www.infovis.net/printMag.php? num=160&lang=2http://www.marumushi.com/apps/newsm ap/newsmap.cfm  Inf@Vis! La revista digital de InfoVis.net http://www.infovis.net  Visualización de Redes Sociales http://www.infovis.net/printMag.php?num=136&lang=1
    57. 57. 57 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Tendencias mayores en JAGIS  Transparencia  Fácil acceso a la data de cualquier tipo  Las bases de datos ayudan a tomar decisiones  Es vital informar al gobierno, negocios y cultura  Mapeado dinámico  Datos/información , cuando y dónde la queramos
    58. 58. 58 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Mayores tendencias en JAGIS  Mapeando conceptos  Refleja relaciones penetrantes entre personas, ideas, decisiones ligadas a las datos  Geo-locacion  Tiempo real, Real time, wireless location of people, events, resources  Cibergeografía  http://www.cybergeography.org/geography_of
    59. 59. 59 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Editorial Advertising Puntos amjores acerca de GIS Circulation Production  El martillo y el cincel no están en el gabinete. (e.g) ( La herramienta no es el producto)  El uso experto de la herramienta se puede aplicar a diversos productos con los mismos datos pero diversos objetivos  El uso experto de la herramienta se puede aplicar a diversos productos con los mismos datos y los mismos objetivos . Ergo… Está en el interés de toda la organización construir sinergia alrededor del GIS Enfocados en el verbo infinitivo tramitar, no el nombre del producto
    60. 60. 60 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ ¿Cómo podemos hacerlo?  Para una historia relativamente simple, decida qué implicaciones geográficas tiene: Asesinatos – Muertes en Tránsito – Salud - votos  Obtenga el software (¿Ahora en su officina? Tal vez.)  Aprenda con un tutorial o dos  Obtenga los datos  ¡Comience a trabajar!
    61. 61. 61 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Recursos SIG online  Sitios corporativos  Cambridge Research Assoc. www.cambridge.com/  ESRI www.esri.com  MapInfo www.mapinfo.com/  Intergraph www.intergraph.com/gis/default.asp  PCI Geomatics www.pci.on.ca/  ERDAS www.erdas.com/
    62. 62. 62 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ ¿Es fácil conseguir los programas?  Gratis o a bajo costo:  Geography Network (www.geographynetwork.com)  Associated Press’ MapShop  GIS.Com (www.gis.com)  UK Ordnance Survey (www.ordsvy.gov.uk/)
    63. 63. 63 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Más sobre programas...  Gratis o a bajo costo:  ArcExplorer (http://www.esriuk.com/)  Maptitude (http://www.caliper.com/maptovu.htm)  MapPoint (http://www.microsoft.com/office/mappoint/defau lt.htm)  MapInfo (http://www.mapinfo.com/ )  Epiinfo http://www.cdc.gov/EPIINFO/translations.htm
    64. 64. 64 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Conclusión: Por qué los periodistas necesitan saber sobre GIS?  Pueden hacernos mejores periodistas y mejorar la contribución cívica (Philadelphia data)  Hacer lo invisible, visible  Muestra literalmente la historia a nuestros lectores  Ayuda a nuestros lectores a conectarse con nosotros y viceversa  Puede hacer funcionar todos los aspectos de nuestro negocio más eficiente y provechoso  El Gobierno y los negocios están usando GIS. Ergo, necesitamos saber demasiado para hacer buenas preguntas. Y si el gobierno no está usandolo, entonces descubramos por qué
    65. 65. 65 Seminario enSeminario en Periodismo AnalíticoPeriodismo Analítico 14 Febrero, 2007 University de Zulia w w w . a n a l y t i c j o u r n a l i s m . c o m t o m @ a n a l y t i c j o u r n a l i s m . c o m Gracias
    66. 66. 66 SIG: Unifying Theory (and Methods) for Journalism and the Social Sciences © J.T.Johnson 2007IAJIAJ Por favor, abrir… www.PAseminario.notlong.com

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