WHAT IS A LITERATURE REVIEW? <ul><li>A place to make connections between what you are investigating and what has already b...
SIMPLY PUT… <ul><li>Helps you and your readers understand: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What you know about  your topic </li></ul...
 
HOW TO BEGIN? FINDING APPROPRIATE SOURCES OF INFORMATION <ul><li>Know what is appropriate: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scholarly...
WHERE TO START? <ul><li>BOOKS </li></ul><ul><li>They gather a lot of information on one topic in one place. </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>FINDING JOURNAL ARTICLES </li></ul><ul><li>Use  library databases </li></ul><ul><li>Try  Google Scholar </li></ul>
SEARCH TIPS <ul><li>Recommended databases:  Education Research Complete ;  ERIC@ Scholarsportal ,  Academic Search Premier...
SEARCH TERMS <ul><li>Try adding “literature review” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>you will see examples of lit reviews, plus get a...
FOR MORE HELP… <ul><li>Visit the  Graduate Education Research Guide </li></ul><ul><li>See the  Help pages </li></ul><ul><l...
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What is a literature review?

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What is a literature review?

  1. 1. WHAT IS A LITERATURE REVIEW? <ul><li>A place to make connections between what you are investigating and what has already been investigated in your subject area </li></ul><ul><li>A place to engage in a type of conversation with other researchers in your subject area </li></ul><ul><li>A place to identify previous research on the topic </li></ul><ul><li>A place to show there is a gap in the literature which your study can fill </li></ul><ul><li>A place from which to begin your own investigation </li></ul>Ridley, D. (2008). The literature review: A step-by-step guide for students . London: Sage Publications, p. 2.
  2. 2. SIMPLY PUT… <ul><li>Helps you and your readers understand: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What you know about your topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What other people know about your topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What research has been done </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How research was done </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where are the gaps? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jumping off point for your study </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. HOW TO BEGIN? FINDING APPROPRIATE SOURCES OF INFORMATION <ul><li>Know what is appropriate: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scholarly, academic, peer-reviewed material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Material that presents empirical data/evidence to back up claims, not just opinions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Material that presents an introduction, purpose, background literature, method, procedures, findings, discussion, implications, conclusion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Know where to begin searching: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Book catalogues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library databases – Education Research Complete, ERIC, Academic Search Premier, Sage Journals Online </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. WHERE TO START? <ul><li>BOOKS </li></ul><ul><li>They gather a lot of information on one topic in one place. </li></ul><ul><li>They can provide a good overview or good background information on a topic. </li></ul><ul><li>They often offer extensive bibliographies. </li></ul><ul><li>Look for encyclopedias or handbooks for info on key theories and researchers </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Encyclopedia of the social and cultural foundations of education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-books </li></ul></ul><ul><li>JOURNAL ARTICLES </li></ul><ul><li>Journal articles discuss one perspective. </li></ul><ul><li>Each article makes a unique contribution. </li></ul><ul><li>Articles can supplement information found first in books. </li></ul><ul><li>Articles can offer more up-to-date information. </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>FINDING JOURNAL ARTICLES </li></ul><ul><li>Use library databases </li></ul><ul><li>Try Google Scholar </li></ul>
  6. 7. SEARCH TIPS <ul><li>Recommended databases: Education Research Complete ; ERIC@ Scholarsportal , Academic Search Premier </li></ul><ul><li>Tips: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limit to scholarly (peer reviewed) journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look for descriptors (or subject headings) for more focused results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use research methodology in your search terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Get it” button looks for the full text throughout all of the Library’s databases </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. SEARCH TERMS <ul><li>Try adding “literature review” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>you will see examples of lit reviews, plus get an overview of some aspect of your topic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Or “narrative” or “quantitative” etc. </li></ul>
  8. 9. FOR MORE HELP… <ul><li>Visit the Graduate Education Research Guide </li></ul><ul><li>See the Help pages </li></ul><ul><li>Contact the Library Help Desk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>905-688-5550 x. 3233 or use email form </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contact your liaison librarian: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jennifer Thiessen (phone, chat, email) </li></ul></ul>

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