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Teaching Leadership using Advanced Differentiation Strategies Erik Mickelson  Palm Springs Unified School District (760) 2...
What  is    ? <ul><li>Howard Gardner:  “A leader is an individual </li></ul><ul><li>who significantly affects the thoughts...
Direct and Indirect <ul><li>Direct Leaders  impact the world by their purposeful efforts to influence peoples’ thoughts an...
Other Definitions: <ul><li>Joe Olmstead (office of Naval Research) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Leadership is the process of influe...
Recognized   Areas of Giftedness by the US Department of Education <ul><li>Intellectual </li></ul><ul><li>Specific Academi...
Leadership Skills can be measured through a Leadership Skills Inventory. Skills are broken up into 4 categories: <ul><li>K...
Cognitive  Leadership has 3 components: Creative Thinking:  Problem Solving Skills Critical Thinking:  Analyzing Futuristi...
Affective Leadership also has 3 components: <ul><li>Personal Attributes </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal Communication Skil...
Using Advanced Differentiation  Strategies to Investigate Leadership:   <ul><li>I created this biography project to help s...
Bringing Out the Leader Within <ul><ul><ul><li>Language of the Discipline:  Learn Definitions and Traits of Leadership </l...
<ul><li>It is important for high ability and gifted students to identify and recognize patterns and trends in leadership. ...
Content Imperatives Related to Leadership <ul><li>Commonalities or  Parallels  found in Great Leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Th...
Universal Themes <ul><li>Change </li></ul><ul><li>Order </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships </li></...
Ethics: Leading with the head and the heart   <ul><li>Using Ethics, students can investigate the </li></ul><ul><li>- Perso...
Ethics <ul><li>Using the theme of ethics, discuss how you could use the ethical dilemmas faced by the leader you chose to ...
Cesar Chavez Biography Questions  Convergence Paradox How do the patterns of protest of the Grapes Boycott and the Civil R...
Ryan White Biography Questions  How did Ryan’s convergence with the world impact a change in acceptance? Convergence Parad...
Maya Angelou Biography Questions  Convergence How can the bird sing despite the prevalent patterns of  “confinement” towar...
Rules of Engagement <ul><li>Goals: to Teach </li></ul><ul><li>Inductive and Deductive Reasoning </li></ul><ul><li>Claims, ...
Format for  Creative Problem Solving <ul><li>Read “Real Life” Situation </li></ul><ul><li>List Problems contained in situa...
Tips on Creative Problem Solving <ul><li>If you are writing your own “situation” keep it factual so finding the problems i...
Creative Problem Solving An Example of a “Real Life”  Situation Ryan White was a typical 13 year old when it was discovere...
Big Idea: Making It Universal <ul><li>Teaches: </li></ul><ul><li>Universal themes and iconic generalizations </li></ul><ul...
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Exploring Leadership

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Erik Mickelson

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Exploring Leadership

  1. 1. Teaching Leadership using Advanced Differentiation Strategies Erik Mickelson Palm Springs Unified School District (760) 221-1942 [email_address]
  2. 2. What is ? <ul><li>Howard Gardner: “A leader is an individual </li></ul><ul><li>who significantly affects the thoughts, </li></ul><ul><li>feelings, and/or behaviors of a significant </li></ul><ul><li>number of individuals.” </li></ul><ul><li>There are: </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Leaders and Indirect Leaders </li></ul>Leadership
  3. 3. Direct and Indirect <ul><li>Direct Leaders impact the world by their purposeful efforts to influence peoples’ thoughts and ideas. These are your politicians, philosophers, lawyers, educators etc… </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect Leaders shape the world by what they create. These are your artists, musicians, fashion designers, architects etc… </li></ul>
  4. 4. Other Definitions: <ul><li>Joe Olmstead (office of Naval Research) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Leadership is the process of influencing the </li></ul><ul><li>actions of individuals, groups, and organizations </li></ul><ul><li>in efforts toward goal attainment.” </li></ul><ul><li>Senator Bill Bradley </li></ul><ul><li>“ Leadership is the ability to see a course of action that others miss and then follow it with persistence.” </li></ul><ul><li>Eileen Ford (Ford Model Agency) </li></ul><ul><li>“… the ability to convince people that they want to do what you want them to do as if they had thought of it themselves.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Recognized Areas of Giftedness by the US Department of Education <ul><li>Intellectual </li></ul><ul><li>Specific Academic </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Fine And Performing Arts </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership: One of the 5 Areas Recognized but rarely used to identify kids. It is hard to measure and build a program around. It can be a very subjective thing to rate… </li></ul>
  6. 6. Leadership Skills can be measured through a Leadership Skills Inventory. Skills are broken up into 4 categories: <ul><li>Knowledge: Which includes good memory, strong vocabulary, positive attitude, ability to learn fast, knowing fact from opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Problem-Solving: Which includes being flexible, finding the “hidden message” in something, asking good questions, finding more than one way to solve a problem, and a sense of humor </li></ul><ul><li>People Skills: Which includes being a good listener, motivating others, being self-confident, loyalty, patience, and making compromises </li></ul><ul><li>Making Decisions: Which includes standing up for one’s beliefs, acting responsibly, and being happy with one’s decisions </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cognitive Leadership has 3 components: Creative Thinking: Problem Solving Skills Critical Thinking: Analyzing Futuristic Thinking: Seeing How the Future May Be Impacted
  8. 8. Affective Leadership also has 3 components: <ul><li>Personal Attributes </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal Communication Skills and Decision Making Ability </li></ul>
  9. 9. Using Advanced Differentiation Strategies to Investigate Leadership: <ul><li>I created this biography project to help students to learn about leaders and their own leadership potential. It has 5 components that you will see on the next slide. </li></ul><ul><li>As shown in the forums, I would like you to see how it works by choosing a leader and going through the exercises of the 5 components yourselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Hopefully, you will see how you can apply this study in your own classrooms. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Bringing Out the Leader Within <ul><ul><ul><li>Language of the Discipline: Learn Definitions and Traits of Leadership </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Patterns: Individualizing traits of great leaders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ethics: Providing a safe environment for controversy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rules: Procedures specific to each strategy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Big Idea: Universal Conclusions </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>It is important for high ability and gifted students to identify and recognize patterns and trends in leadership. The Universal Themes and Content Imperatives (two other GATE strategies) can help students do that. </li></ul>Patterns
  12. 12. Content Imperatives Related to Leadership <ul><li>Commonalities or Parallels found in Great Leaders </li></ul><ul><li>The Paradox of a Great Leader who may not be a Great Person? </li></ul><ul><li>Contributions of Leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Origins of Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes of when leaders converge </li></ul>
  13. 13. Universal Themes <ul><li>Change </li></ul><ul><li>Order </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><li>Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Influences </li></ul><ul><li>Origins </li></ul><ul><li>Cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Structures </li></ul><ul><li>How could one or more of these concepts relate to the study of a leader you cover? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Ethics: Leading with the head and the heart <ul><li>Using Ethics, students can investigate the </li></ul><ul><li>- Personal Values and Societal Values </li></ul><ul><li>Of their chosen leaders and their own. </li></ul><ul><li>- It can also be an opportunity to teach our students Intellectual Humility </li></ul>All great leaders face Ethical Dilemmas.
  15. 15. Ethics <ul><li>Using the theme of ethics, discuss how you could use the ethical dilemmas faced by the leader you chose to teach your students about ethics. The attached slides show examples of ethical issues surrounding several leaders. The first is Cesar Chavez, the second is Ryan White (the young man who contracted AIDS from tainted blood), and author Maya Angelou. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Cesar Chavez Biography Questions Convergence Paradox How do the patterns of protest of the Grapes Boycott and the Civil Rights Bus Boycott parallel each other? Parallel How did the conditions of farm workers change over time due to the contributions of Caesar Chavez? Contribution Show how injustice leads to conflict and the need for change. Origin Changes Over Time Trends Patterns
  17. 17. Ryan White Biography Questions How did Ryan’s convergence with the world impact a change in acceptance? Convergence Paradox How might the pattern of experiences Ryan endured in the late 1980s parallel those of people in Africa currently infected with the disease? Parallel Contribution Origin Changes Over Time Trends Patterns
  18. 18. Maya Angelou Biography Questions Convergence How can the bird sing despite the prevalent patterns of “confinement” toward African Americans? Paradox Parallel How did the contributions of Maya allow for the current political diversity? Contribution Origin Changes Over Time Trends Patterns
  19. 19. Rules of Engagement <ul><li>Goals: to Teach </li></ul><ul><li>Inductive and Deductive Reasoning </li></ul><ul><li>Claims, Assumptions, and Implications </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies: </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Problem Solving </li></ul><ul><li>Moral Dilemmas </li></ul><ul><li>Socratic Seminar </li></ul>
  20. 20. Format for Creative Problem Solving <ul><li>Read “Real Life” Situation </li></ul><ul><li>List Problems contained in situation </li></ul><ul><li>Decide 1 Problem to Focus On </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorm Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Rate Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Write an Action Plan Based on Single Best Solution </li></ul>
  21. 21. Tips on Creative Problem Solving <ul><li>If you are writing your own “situation” keep it factual so finding the problems is more challenging for students </li></ul><ul><li>Allow students to be imaginative with potential solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Give plenty of “think” time </li></ul>
  22. 22. Creative Problem Solving An Example of a “Real Life” Situation Ryan White was a typical 13 year old when it was discovered he had contracted AIDS through tainted blood products he had been given for his hemophilia. He was then living in Kokomo, Indiana. There he was denied the right to return to school. Ryan and his family went to court to petition he be allowed to attend school. His story was followed very closely by the media. After a bullet was fired into the White family home, Ryan began to speak out as an advocate for those with AIDS and for education about the disease. Ryan died from the disease on April 8, 1990 at the age of 18
  23. 23. Big Idea: Making It Universal <ul><li>Teaches: </li></ul><ul><li>Universal themes and iconic generalizations </li></ul><ul><li>related to leadership </li></ul><ul><li>For the Student: </li></ul><ul><li>Leading the group toward consensus </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing content conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Formulate universal generalization </li></ul>

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