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All 10 finished document and prompt

  1. 1. WORLD HISTORY SECTION II Note: This exam uses the chronological designations B.C.E. (before the common era) and C.E. (common era). These labels correspond to B.C. (before Christ) and A.D. (anno Domini), which are used in some world history textbooks. Part A (Suggested writing time—40 minutes) Percent of Section II score—33 1/3 Directions: The following question is based on the accompanying Documents 1-9. (The documents have been edited for the purpose of this exercise.) Write your answer on the lined pages of the Section II free-response booklet. This question is designed to test your ability to work with and understand historical documents. Write an essay that: - Has a relevant thesis and supports that thesis with evidence from the documents. ␣ Uses all of the documents. - Analyzes the documents by grouping them in as many appropriate ways as possible. Does not simply summarize the documents individually. - Takes into account the sources of the documents and analyzes the authors’ points of view. - Identifies and explains the need for at least one additional type of document. You may refer to relevant historical information not mentioned in the documents. 1. Analyze factors that shaped the Technological and Industrial Development in the Tang and Song Dynasties of China. Historical Background: In the times of the Tang and Song dynasty there were many advancements in Technology and Industrial. There were more advances in the Tang dynasty and made China into what it is today. Also, the advancement of paper money and what we know today as “checks” were made important.Prompt: Using the documents analyze the factors that helped to shape the industrialand technological developments during the Tang and Song dynasties.
  2. 2. Document 1Source: Bentley , Jerry H., and Herbert F. Ziegler. Traditional Encounters A Global Perspective on the Past .3rd ed. . New York , NY: McGraw Hill , 2006. Print. Abundant supplies of food enabled many people to pursue technological and industrialinterests. During the Tang and Song dynasties, chines craft workers generated a remarkable rangeof technological innovations. During Tang times they discovered techniques of producing high-quality porcelain, which was lighter, thinner, and adaptable to more uses than earlier pottery. Tangand Song craftsmen also improved metallurgical technologies. Quite apart from improving existing technologies, Tang and Song craftsmen also inventedentirely new products, tools, and techniques, most notably gunpowder, printing and navaltechnologies. During the tang dynasty, however, Chinese consumers developed a taste for he spiceand exotic products of southeast Asian islands and Chinese mariners increasingly visited thoselands in their own ships. These long-distance travels helped to diffuse elements of Chinese navaltechnology particularly the compass, which soon became the common property of mariners Document 2 Source: "China." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2010. Web. 10 Dec. 2010. <>.http://www.school.eb.com/eb/article-71718 Literacy spread with printing, which evolved from rubbing through block printing to the use of movable type that facilitated much larger-scale production at reduced cost. The demand for improved technology, aided by certain concerns of the Neo-Confucian philosophy, helped to promote numerous investigations that approached the use of scientific methods. Literacy spread with printing, which evolved from rubbing through block printing to the use of movable type that facilitated much larger-scale production at reduced cost. On the contrary, the Song pattern attained cultural stability, giving rise to the myth of an unchanging China.
  3. 3. Document 3Source: the worlds first paper-printed currency, an innovation of theSongDynasty.Jiao, . Early Paper Money . Web. 10 Dec. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Jiao_zi.jpg>.
  4. 4. Document 4Source: "Science, Technology, and Health: Overview." World Eras. Ed. Guangqiu Xu. Vol. 7: ImperialChina, 617-1644. Detroit: Gale, 2003. 411-413. Gale World History In Context. Web. 10 Dec. 2010.There were more scientific and technological achievements in the Song dynasty (960-1279) than in theTang dynasty (618-907) because the two dynasties had completely different environments. The Tangperiod was humanistic while the Song era was much more scientific and technological.Ship-building technology was improved greatly when the stern-post rudder became common, andseagoing junks of substantial size were built. Chemical science, practiced in the little-known laboratoriesof Daoist shrines in Tang times, was applied to devastating effect on the battlefield when armies began touse gunpowder. Document 5Source: "Science, Technology, and Health: Overview." World Eras. Ed. Guangqiu Xu. Vol. 7: Imperial China,617-1644. Detroit: Gale, 2003. 411-413. Gale World History In Context. Web. 13 Dec. 2010.There were more scientific and technological achievements in the Song dynasty (960-1279) than in the Tangdynasty (618-907) because the two dynasties had completely different environments. The Tang period washumanistic while the Song era was much more scientific and technological. During the Song dynasty the puresciences began to appear. Improvements in hydraulic engineering occurred, including the caisson, used eitheras an underwater foundation or as a floodgate. Ship-building technology was improved greatly when the stern-post rudder became common, and seagoing junks of substantial size were built. Chemical science, practiced inthe little-known laboratories of Daoist shrines in Tang times, was applied to devastating effect on the battlefieldwhen armies began to use gunpowder.
  5. 5. Document 6Source: Bentley , Jerry H., and Herbert F. Ziegler. Traditional Encounters A GlobalPerspective on the Past . 3rd ed. . New York , NY: McGraw Hill , 2006. Print.During the Tang and Song dynasties, chinese craft workers generated a remarkablerange of technological innovations. During Tang times they discovered techniques ofproducing high-quality porcelain, which was lighter, thinner, and adaptable to more usesthan earlier pottery. Tang and Song craftsmen also improved metallurgicaltechnologies.Quite apart from improving existing technologies, Tang and Song craftsmen also Document 7
  6. 6. Document 8"Song dynasty." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition.Encyclopædia Britannica, 2010. Web. 10 Dec. 2010.<http://www.school.eb.com/eb/article-9070368>.Widespread printing of the Confucian Classics and the use of movable type, beginning in the11th century, brought literature and learning to the people. The Song dynasty is particularlynoted for the great artistic achievements that it encouraged and, in part, subsidized. Song waresare noted for their simplicity of shape and the purity of colour and tone of their glazes. Songpoets achieved their greatest distinction, however, in the new genre of the ci, sung poems of joyand despair. These poems became the literary hallmark of the dynasty.Source: Guillaume, Jaquet.Cernuschi Museum, Paris, France. Wikimedia. Web. 10 Dec. 2010.<http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cernuschi_Museum_20060812_163.jpg>. Document 9 Document 10"Restoration of Empire." The Imperial Era: II. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2010. <http://www-chaos.umd.edu/history/imperial2.html>.Block printing was invented, making the written word available to vastly greater audiences. TheTang period was the golden age of literature and art. The Song dynasty Tang Dynasty figurines Chinese is notable for thedevelopment of cities not only for administrative purposes but also as centers of trade, industry,and maritime commerce. Culturally, the Song refined many of the developments of the previouscenturies. Included in these refinements were not only the Tang ideal of the universal man, whocombined the qualities of scholar, poet, painter, and statesman, but also historical writings,
  7. 7. "The Tang Dynasty ." n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2010. <http://library.thinkquest.org/12255/library/dynasty/tang.html?tqskip1=1>.During the Tang dynasty, many great poets emerged. Li, Po, Tu Fu, and Po Chu-i and prosemaster Han Yu appeared when the political decline had begun. The printing of books andsharing of ideas promoted cultural unity. Handicraft guilds and the use of paper money allstarted in the late Tang dynasty.

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