The Building Regulations and their approved documents


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The Building Regulations and their approved documents

  1. 1. Building control The Building Regulations of England and Wales
  2. 2. Building Control • Building control (as opposed to development control, i.e. planning permission) is a technical issue • Building control is achieved through the application of the Building Regulations • Regulations were most recently published in 2000 and are covered by the Building Act of 1984 • Building regulations may be administered by a local authority or by a private approved inspector
  3. 3. Building control process • The building owners submits either Full Plans or a Building Notice application – Full Plans allows prior approval to be given by the inspector – Building Notice means prior approval is not given. This can be quicker but carry higher risk if works are found not to comply. • Building works are then inspected on site during construction by either the local authority or an approved private inspector
  4. 4. 14 Areas covered by Building Regulations 1 A. Structure 1. Loading 2. Ground movement B. Fire safety 1. Means of warning and escape 2. Internal fire spread (linings) 3. Internal fire spread (structure) 4. External fire spread 5. Access and facilities for the fire services C. Site preparation and resistance to contaminants and moisture 1. Preparation of the site and resistance to moisture 2. Resistance to moisture D. Toxic substances 1. Cavity insulation
  5. 5. 14 Areas covered by Building Regulations 2 E. Resistance to the passage of sound 1. Protection against sound from other parts of the buildings and from adjoining buildings 2. Protection against sound within a dwelling house etc. 3. Reverberation in the common internal parts of buildings containing flats or rooms for residential purposes 4. Acoustic conditions in schools F. Ventilation 1. Means of ventilation 2. Condensation in roofs G. Hygiene 1. Sanitary conveniences and washing facilities 2. Bathrooms 3. Hot water storage
  6. 6. 14 Areas covered by Building Regulations 3 H. Drainage and waste disposal 1. Foul water drainage 2. Waste water treatment systems and cesspools 3. Rainwater drainage 4. Building over sewers 5. Separate systems of drainage 6. Solid waste storage J. Combustion appliance and fuel storage systems 1. Air supply 2. Discharge of products of combustion 3. Protection of building 4. Provision of information 5. Protection of liquid fuel storage systems 6. Protection against pollution
  7. 7. 14 Areas covered by Building Regulations 4 K. Protection from falling, collision and impact 1. Stairs, ladders and ramps 2. Protection from falling 3. Vehicle barriers and loading bays 4. Protection from collision with open windows etc. 5. Protection against impact from and trapping by doors L. Conservation of fuel and power 1. Dwellings 2. Buildings other than dwellings M. Access to and use of buildings 1. Access and use 2. Access to extensions to buildings other than dwellings 3. Sanitary conveniences in extension to buildings other than dwellings 4. Sanitary conveniences in dwellings
  8. 8. 14 Areas covered by Building Regulations 5 N. Glazing-safety in relation to impact, opening and cleaning 1. Protection against impact 2. Manifestation of glazing 3. Safe opening and closing of windows etc. 4. Safe access for cleaning windows etc. P. Electrical safety 1. Design, installation, inspection and testing 2. Provision of information
  9. 9. Approved documents • Each area has an associated “Approved Document” (AD) – An AD sets out good practice which if complied with will be deemed to have satisfied the Building Regulations – If you build differently from the AD, you must prove that your alternative design is as good as that in the AD.
  10. 10. Example of regulation and AD The regulation to part L A section of the AD for part L
  11. 11. References • All Building Regulation Documentation is available from the Planning Portal • Polley, S. (2009). Understanding the building regulations. 4th ed. Taylor & Francis