APUSH Korean War and Eisenhower Foreign Policy

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APUSH Korean War and Eisenhower Foreign Policy

  1. 1. Korean War Mao Zedong Leads Chinese communism 1943 - 1976
  2. 2. Korean War Begins <ul><li>S.U. & USA split Korea after WW2 at 38th parallel </li></ul><ul><li>S.U. to unite Korea under communistic rule </li></ul><ul><li>1950 War begins-USSR boycott of UN Security Council! </li></ul><ul><li>Why did US lead UN involvement? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invasion of SK is act of aggression, Containment, domino theory, justifies building up military strength in support of NSC 68, military 1/3 of budget </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Douglas MacArthur is the UN commander </li></ul><ul><li>N. Koreans advance into SK, Pusan </li></ul><ul><li>UN wants victory to cross 38th parallel and head to Yalu River </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shift to Rollback! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Truman fears China will join versus UN, Mao Zedong </li></ul>
  3. 3. Korean War 1950 - 1953 <ul><li>Mao Zedong sends Chinese army to NK in November, 1950 </li></ul><ul><li>UN army fights Chinese army - cold December, many deaths </li></ul><ul><li>Truman question to use atomic weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Truman & MacArthur at odds. Truman fires MacArthur, who wants all out war, as he only wants containment. </li></ul><ul><li>Domino Theory fears at home decrease USA faith in Truman </li></ul><ul><li>Truman & Chinese talk July, 1951 to end the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Eisenhower elected in 1952, Chinese settle war as Chinese feel Ike more likely to use nuclear power. </li></ul><ul><li>War ends July, 1953 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Truman & Eisenhower Similarities Truman Doctrine (Greece & Turkey) Joined NATO Support Israel CIA created under National Security Council Eisenhower Doctrine (Jordan 1957, Lebanon 1958) Joined SEATO Support Israel CIA used in covert Operations to Secure American interests
  5. 5. Eisenhower Differences <ul><li>Blurring of Containment Policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Liberation” of peoples trapped by Communism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ New Look” in Foreign Policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Massive Retaliation-arms build up-ICBM’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce military spending by focus on build up of nucs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brinkmanship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Covert Operations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space Race- NASA created, National Education Defense Act ($1 billion on public ed in math and science) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eisenhower Doctrine-1957 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aid to any nation fighting internal communist threats </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sphere of influence spreading, used for intervention in Middle East </li></ul></ul></ul>

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