Antebellum Social Reforms

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Antebellum Social Reforms

  1. 1. Social Reforms and Reformers By: Ashley & Ryan
  2. 2. Agenda: <ul><li>Reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Reformers </li></ul><ul><li>Works Cited </li></ul>
  3. 3. 2 nd Great Awakening <ul><li>Religious Revival </li></ul><ul><li>Targeted women & frontiersmen </li></ul><ul><li>Methodists & Baptists most successful </li></ul><ul><li>Shattered many churches and denominations </li></ul><ul><li>Created many new denominations (e.g. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints) </li></ul><ul><li>Lead to reforms for prisons, women, temperance, and slavery. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Transcendentalists <ul><li>Emphasized individualism </li></ul><ul><li>A want to go back to nature </li></ul><ul><li>Strongly against materialism </li></ul>
  5. 5. Utopian Societies <ul><li>Spurred by the Transcendental beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Some believed in celibacy </li></ul><ul><li>Believed they could create a “perfect society” </li></ul><ul><li>Many included strange practices and ceremonies </li></ul><ul><li>Utopian Societies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oneida </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Harmony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mormons (Deseret) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Brook Farm </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Educational Reforms <ul><li>Schools began teaching more than just the 3 R’s (reading, righting, rithmatic) </li></ul><ul><li>Longer school terms </li></ul><ul><li>Higher pay for teachers </li></ul><ul><li>More schools </li></ul><ul><li>Free schooling </li></ul><ul><li>Newer colleges with better curriculums </li></ul><ul><li>Some woman schooling </li></ul>
  7. 7. Temperance Movement <ul><li>Drinking was frowned upon </li></ul><ul><li>Seen as vile and disgraceful </li></ul><ul><li>The Women’s Christian Temperance Movement was founded </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking was strongly discouraged </li></ul>
  8. 8. Cult of Domesticity <ul><li>Men made the money </li></ul><ul><li>Women made the home </li></ul><ul><li>Women were more equipped to run a home </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge was bad for women’s brains </li></ul><ul><li>The Home is a woman’s place </li></ul>
  9. 9. Prisons/Asylums <ul><li>Criminal codes were softened to mimic European codes </li></ul><ul><li>Number of capital offenses were reduced </li></ul><ul><li>Brutal punishments were being eliminated </li></ul><ul><li>Dorothea Dix pushed for better treatment of the mentally ill </li></ul>
  10. 10. Women’s Reforms <ul><li>Women pushed for suffrage </li></ul><ul><li>Rape was harshly punished </li></ul><ul><li>Fight to eliminate “special spheres” </li></ul><ul><li>Many conventions were held (e.g. Seneca Falls Woman’s Rights Convention) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Reformers <ul><li>Susan B. Anthony </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ardent women’s rights advocate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elizabeth Cady Stanton </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feminist and women’s rights advocate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized Seneca Falls </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Charles Finney </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious reformer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Had many converts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Known as having a “bell like voice” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ralph Waldo Emerson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Famous Transcendental poet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raised to be a Unitarian minister </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Influential as a practical philosopher </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dorothea Dix </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pushed for fair treatment of the mentally ill </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Reformers Cont. <ul><li>Horace Mann </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Education advocate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>William Lloyd Garrison </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong abolitionist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fredrick Douglass </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free slave </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pushed for an end to slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Joseph Smith Jr. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Started the Mormon church </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brigham Young </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Known as the “Moses” of the Mormon faith </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Henry David Thoreau </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Famous Transcendentalist </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Works Cited <ul><li>Kennedy, David M., Lizabeth Cohen, and Thomas Bailey. The American Pageant . Published in Boston, Massachusetts. Copyright date 2006 . </li></ul>

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