African Americans and the Wild WestEng 102 55Z1-4852Stacy Hartlage Taylorby Judie Stroud
“Black Cowboys made up a large portion of the cowhand population, possibly a quarter of all cowboys” (Metafilter) anthrocivitas.net
When slavery ended many of the slaves became ranchers, cowboys and many other thingsOnly a few were known enough to have their names forever etched in history
Nat LoveNat Love, aka Deadwood Dick (1854–1921) Was born a slave, and was free when slavery ended Became a cowboy after the Civil warhttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/97/Natlove2.jpg
He took various jobs to help support the family after fathers deathDuring this time found he had natural horses breaking skills uair.arizona.edu
www.blackcowboys.comIn 1869 left his home with some money from selling a horse he won in a raffleHe moved to several places from Tennessee to get work as a cowboy
Eventually landed in Texas and joined the Duval cowboys and moved to the Texas Panhandle www.retirenet.com“Earned a reputation as one of the best all-around cowboys in Duval”(Legends of America)
www.gutenberg.orgIn 1872 moved to Arizona to work on Gallinger Ranch, he worked in dangerous areas full on Indians,rustlers and bandits
Got nickname of Deadwood Dick in 1876 when he won every part of a cowboy contest in Deadwood SD smellthis22.wordpress.com
1907, he wrote an autobiography,”The Life and Adventures of Nat Love”He told stories of his life and the many people he met, like Billy the kid
Mary Fields Mary Fields (1832-1918)“Born a slave, grew up an orphan, never married, had no childrenShe was a hard woman, who stood up for herself and the nuns while she was with themThe nuns had to let her go however, due to her ruff behavior http://www.lkwdpl.org/wihohio/fiel-mar.htm
The nuns were Marys only family; Mother Amadeus was her mother. Dolly Dunn was Marys best friend. When Dolly grew up she became sister Amadeus, then Mother Amadeus w w w .c a s c a d e m o n ta n a .c o m
Mary loved the children of Cascade County and supported the local baseball team as their number one fan” (women in history) web.me.com She sowed buttons and fixed clothing for them also
She earned a reputation for being more hard core than most men. This was due to being able to shoot better and work harder than the men around. She would also drink most of the men under the table.
She opened a cafe, which was backed by the nuns, but failed at it due to feeding the hungry instead of making a profithttp://www.bing.com/images/search?
“ In 1895 she found a job that suited her, as a U.S. mail coach driver for the Cascade County region of central Montana. She and her mule Moses, never missed a day, and it was in this capacity that she earned her nickname of "Stagecoach", for her unfailing reliability”(women in history). Stagecoach Mary” Fields broke all of the race, sex and age boundaries . w w w .c a s c a d e m o n ta n a .c o m
Bass ReevesREEVES, BASS (1838–1910). Was born a slave in 1838. “During the Civil War, he became a fugitive slave and found refuge in Indian Territory (modern-day Oklahoma) amongst the Creek and Seminole Indians”(Arkansas history).http://anthrocivitas.net/forum/showthread.php?t=4477
In 1875 became one of the first black lawmen west of the Mississippi River www.badassoftheweek.com “As one of the most respected lawmen working in Indian Territory, he achieved legendary status for the number of criminals he captured”(Arkansas history).
Copy of bronze statue which was May 26, 2012 in Fort Smith’s Pendergraft ParkHe could shoot a gun with either his left or right hand and was said to be able to out fight two men with bare hands He could shoot a gun with either his left or right hand and was said to be able to out fight two men with bare hands www.hholden.com
Arrested his own son in 1902 for murderHe died of Brights disease on January 12, 1910. digital.library.okstate.edu
www.betterworldbooks.com He died of Brights disease on January 12, 1910. Director(s): Brett W. Mauser PG13Book done on Bass Reeves Movie done about the life of Bass Reves, released in 2010 s264.photobucket.com
Bill PickettBill Pickett (1870–1932) The originator of rodeo steer wrestling, or bulldoggingwww.knowsouthernhistory.net
After his 5th grade education, he worked on a ranch where he learned how to bulldog, which is grasping a steer by the horns, twisting its neck, biting its nose or its upper lip, and making it fall on its side; this biting technique he had learned by observing how herder dogs controlled steer (Oklahoma history) www.blackpast.org
He and his brothers started their own horse breaking business, where they advertised they could tame wild cattle He entered the rodeo in 1888 and was a popular by the 1900s
He joined the Miller Brother Wild West show in 1905, he was known as
In 1907 he moved to Ponce City, where he worked as a cowboy in the off season, as well as competing in contest He was often identified as Indian in order to do the contest against whites www.frenchcreoles.com
He also was the first black cowboy movie star“He was in movie such as Crimson Skull (1921) and The Bull-Dogger (1922), both filmed in Oklahoma” (Oklahoma history). http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0012079/posters www.silenthollywood.com “He died April 2, 1932, of head injuries inflicted by a rogue horse at the 101 Ranch”(Oklahoma history).
Black men and women helped shape the Old West, even though you dont get read it much in history booksAfrican-Americans (along with Mexicans and Asians) were the "otherpioneers" of the American West. They made their mark as explorers,trappers, cowboys, ranchers, farmers, gold miners, stagecoach drivers,scouts, cavalrymen, outlaws, lawmen, schoolteachers, saloonkeepers,and just about everything else a person could be in the "Wild West" ofthe mid- to late-1800s.(The other Pioneers)
In the late 1800s, during battles with the Native Americans many all-black units: two infantry (foot soldiers) and two cavalry (horsemen)foughtThe Civil War had been the first time in the nations history thatAfrican-Americans had been allowed to serve in the U.S. military.After the war, many newly freed blacks joined the army. They foughtthe same battles as other frontier soldiers usually against Indians orMexicans.(The other Pioneers) Their bravery won many battles and the respect of many
Much of African American history is broad and region based.
Only with in the last few years have we really began to research and understand the influences of African Americans in the west
African Americans have played a crucial piece of American history, which in many ways have beendown played. We as Americans should learn about all parts of our history without bias.
Even though these people were under appreciated intheir time, it is important to see the influences they provided then, and should provide now.