North Of Italy Presentation 2


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  • Good presentation! I used it for my essay research. Could do with some more information about how different things link e.g. Business is connected to people and tourists - how?
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North Of Italy Presentation 2

  1. 1. The North of Italy
  2. 2. The Alps The North Italian Plain The Apennines
  3. 3. The Industrial Triangle <ul><li>Turin </li></ul>The North Industrial Triangle
  4. 4. The North Industrial Triangle – why locate industry here? <ul><li>Flat land – easy to build on </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent communications with other Italian cities and the rest of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Large labour force which is skilled and educated </li></ul><ul><li>What types of industry are located here? </li></ul><ul><li>Fashion </li></ul><ul><li>Cars e.g. Fiat </li></ul><ul><li>Electronics </li></ul><ul><li>Banking </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul>
  5. 5. So what type of employment is there in the North of Italy? Primary =
  6. 6. Farming in the Northern Italian Plain <ul><li>Rivers flowing from the Alps and the Apennines carry lots of silt down to the North Italian Plain making it very fertile . </li></ul><ul><li>The rivers provide plenty of water for crops and sometimes break their banks depositing material onto the plain-this is called a flood plain . </li></ul><ul><li>The land is very flat so using large machinery is easy to use </li></ul><ul><li>Good transport links to European markets </li></ul>Less extremes of temperatures than in the dry, hot south favours the growth of rice, cereal and vegetable crops
  7. 7. Italy’s population <ul><li>The North of Italy is very crowded – over 200 people per km ² - this is called population density i.e. the number of people in a given area </li></ul><ul><li>The North of Italy has the largest cities </li></ul><ul><li>It has a much larger population that the south of Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Why is the North of Italy more populated? </li></ul><ul><li>This relates to all of the factors we have discussed so far </li></ul><ul><li>The land on the North Italian Plain is very flat so building here is very easy </li></ul><ul><li>There are lots of jobs here </li></ul><ul><li>The climate provides rain all year round so farming is good here. This is also due to the fact that the soil is very fertile </li></ul>
  8. 8. The South of Italy
  9. 9. The Mezzogiorno
  10. 10. So what type of employment is there in the South of Italy? Agriculture is the main employer in the isolated villages in the hills – poor level of income. Drought and poor soils make farming difficult. Farmers cannot afford to invest in new machinery
  11. 11. Periphery of Europe <ul><li>The South of Italy lies on the periphery of Europe in terms of economic development </li></ul><ul><li>Steep slopes of the Apennines have limited the building of good quality roads and railways connecting it to the wealthy markets of the North </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of raw materials and energy supply </li></ul><ul><li>This has led to limited industrial development in the south </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism is important in some areas </li></ul><ul><li>Out-migration has been a major problem but fewer migrate now </li></ul>
  12. 12. Help for the South <ul><li>Regional Aid </li></ul><ul><li>1986 law to encourage private investment by offering grants loans and tax incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Fiat took up these offers and now produces more in the south than the north </li></ul><ul><li>EU funds for agriculture and industry. Coastal marshes drained and irrigation systems set up </li></ul><ul><li>Strict security needed as crime is so high </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism has become a focus for new investment </li></ul>
  13. 13. Cassa per il Mezzogiorno (Cash for the South) <ul><li>Launched in 1950’s </li></ul><ul><li>Jointly funded by Italian Government and Common Market (former EU) </li></ul><ul><li>3 reforms aimed at agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Absentee landlords estates split up </li></ul><ul><li>Growth poles set up for hopeful multiplier effect </li></ul><ul><li>Roads and railways built for better communications </li></ul>
  14. 14. Success? <ul><li>Mezzogiorno continues to lag behind the rest of Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Limited success for over 50 years of targeting funds </li></ul><ul><li>Disparities between north and south widening </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of life has improved for those in the south </li></ul><ul><li>Rate of change very slow </li></ul><ul><li>Many continue to migrate to the north and other EU countries </li></ul>
  15. 15. Why did it fail? <ul><li>Isolation </li></ul><ul><li>Oil price rise of 1974 and rationalization </li></ul><ul><li>Industry is either large state-owned or small family –owned </li></ul><ul><li>Physical environment not favourable to agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Administration from central government poor </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption and organised crime </li></ul>