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Impacts Of International Migration


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Impacts Of International Migration

  1. 1. Impacts of International Migration
  2. 2. Role of International Migration <ul><li>The redistribution of people </li></ul><ul><li>Can even out spatial differences by pushing people from more densely populated areas to less densely populated areas </li></ul><ul><li>Or it can sweep people towards more favoured areas making spatial differences more pronounced </li></ul>
  3. 3. Other consequences <ul><li>It can have positive and negative impacts at both ends of the migration route </li></ul><ul><li>This is a limitation of the push-pull model –it does not take into account the problems that may be experienced once the migration journey is completed </li></ul><ul><li>Most migrants encounter some sort of problem at their destination e.g. learning a new language, finding somewhere to live etc </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Costs and benefits are felt at a national level </li></ul><ul><li>-sheer volume can put a strain on food supply, housing and jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Problems occur at the departure point as well </li></ul><ul><li>Migration often simply shifts a problem from one area to another </li></ul>
  5. 5. Movement of Russian Jews to Israel <ul><li>1950 – Israel government passed a law to allow any Jew in the World to enter and settle in Israel </li></ul><ul><li>1950-2000 Jews returned to their ‘Spiritual Home’ </li></ul><ul><li>In 25 years one million Russian Jews made the move </li></ul><ul><li>Jews in the former Soviet Union were regarded as dissidents so permission was easy to get </li></ul><ul><li>People in Israel complained that they were being swamped by Russians </li></ul><ul><li>Has swelled the Israel population but done nothing to ease the long standing Palestinian problem –if anything made it worse as more houses are needed and they are often built on land disputed by Palestinians </li></ul>
  6. 6. Nomadism <ul><li>These migrations pre-date international boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>The World’s perpetual migrants </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Aborigines of Australia, Eskimos of North America </li></ul><ul><li>Three types: </li></ul><ul><li>Gatherer nomads -20-60 people e.g. bushmen of the Kalahari desert </li></ul><ul><li>Pastoral nomads who herd livestock e.g. Masai of East Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Trader nomads e.g. the gypsies </li></ul><ul><li>Impacts are environmental, political and cultural </li></ul>
  7. 7. Turkish guest workers in the former West Germany <ul><li>Started in the 1950’s caused by the very successful rebuilding of the former West Germany after the second World War </li></ul><ul><li>Vast number of new jobs created which outstripped the national labour supply –government forced to recruit foreign labour </li></ul><ul><li>The jobs that needed filling were poorly paid and unskilled </li></ul><ul><li>The arrangement worked well for a while </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Economic recession 1970’s saw a change in German attitude to the guest workers –argued that German’s should come first in the dwindling jobs </li></ul><ul><li>A ban was placed on the recruitment of foreign workers but Turkish immigrants continued to arrive </li></ul><ul><li>1980’s grants were offered to persuade Turks to go home </li></ul><ul><li>Even more pressure was put on them after the reunification of Germany in 1989 due to own supply of relatively cheap labour force </li></ul><ul><li>Even today there is a sizeable Turkish population in Germany and considerable tension. Turks regarded as second class citizens and blamed for not trying harder to integrate into society </li></ul>
  9. 9. Remittances <ul><li>This is where migrants send money home to their country of origin e.g. Pakistan = 6% of its GNP </li></ul>Your task Make notes on Australia p146 Complete Activity 1 on p146