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Chapter 2Mapping Earth’s Surface
Earth’s Four Spheres                  Atmosphere: gaseous part of                   Earth                  Hydrosphere: ...
The Shape of the Land                   Topography: the shape of the                    land                   The groun...
Topography Characteristics                     Elevation: height above sea                      level                    ...
3 Types of Landforms                   Plains                    Low elevation                    Low relief           ...
3 Types of Landforms (continued)                  Mountains                   High elevation                   High rel...
3 Types of Landforms (continued)                     Plateaus                      High elevation                      ...
Lewis and Clark                  In 1804, an expedition set                   out from St. Louis to                   exp...
Lewis and Clark (continued)The purpose of the expedition was to map America’s interior. They saw many unique landforms al...
Landforms in the United States
Landforms Review:Using the words High and Low, describe the following landforms.                                          ...
This is your country… it is important that you can identify and  label the location of the major landforms in the United S...
1. Coastal Plains – You’ll color in green!
2. Interior Plains – You’ll color in Yellow!
3. Plateaus and Highlands – You’ll color in Red!
4. Great Basin– You’ll color in          Orange!
Folded Mountains    ~formed by pressure from both sides~5. Appalachian Mountains – Shade all mountain areas brown!
Up-Warped Mountains ~formed by pressure pushing up from below~6. Rocky Mountains, 7. Black Hills, 8. Adirondack Mountains
Fault Block Mountains         ~formed along a break in the crust~9. Big Horn Mountains, 10. Sierra Nevada, 11. Cascade Mou...
Volcanic Mountains~formed by volcanic eruptions~     12. Mount St. Helens
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2.1 mapping earth's surface

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Mapping Earth's Surface

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2.1 mapping earth's surface

  1. 1. Chapter 2Mapping Earth’s Surface
  2. 2. Earth’s Four Spheres Atmosphere: gaseous part of Earth Hydrosphere: liquid part of the Earth Biosphere: living part of Earth Lithosphere: solid part of Earth We will spend the next few months on Geology!
  3. 3. The Shape of the Land  Topography: the shape of the land  The ground looks like it does because of internal and external forces constantly changing its shape.  Think about the “shape” of Shaler…. Why does it look this way?  Topography is determined by three different things…
  4. 4. Topography Characteristics Elevation: height above sea level Relief: difference between high and low points Landforms: features of topography that shape the land Topographic Map
  5. 5. 3 Types of Landforms Plains Low elevation Low relief Two types of Plains Coastal Interior
  6. 6. 3 Types of Landforms (continued) Mountains High elevation High relief Mountains are arranged into: Ranges Systems Belts
  7. 7. 3 Types of Landforms (continued) Plateaus High elevation Low relief Canyons form on plateaus
  8. 8. Lewis and Clark In 1804, an expedition set out from St. Louis to explore the land between the Mississippi River and the Pacific Ocean. The United States had just purchased a part of this vast territory, called Louisiana, from France. (The Louisiana Purchase)
  9. 9. Lewis and Clark (continued)The purpose of the expedition was to map America’s interior. They saw many unique landforms along the way.
  10. 10. Landforms in the United States
  11. 11. Landforms Review:Using the words High and Low, describe the following landforms.  Plains have _____ elevation and _____ relief.  Plateaus have_____ elevation and _____ relief.  Mountains have_____ elevation and _____ relief.
  12. 12. This is your country… it is important that you can identify and label the location of the major landforms in the United States!Directions: Label and shade in the following landforms on the provided mapand then answer the seven questions.
  13. 13. 1. Coastal Plains – You’ll color in green!
  14. 14. 2. Interior Plains – You’ll color in Yellow!
  15. 15. 3. Plateaus and Highlands – You’ll color in Red!
  16. 16. 4. Great Basin– You’ll color in Orange!
  17. 17. Folded Mountains ~formed by pressure from both sides~5. Appalachian Mountains – Shade all mountain areas brown!
  18. 18. Up-Warped Mountains ~formed by pressure pushing up from below~6. Rocky Mountains, 7. Black Hills, 8. Adirondack Mountains
  19. 19. Fault Block Mountains ~formed along a break in the crust~9. Big Horn Mountains, 10. Sierra Nevada, 11. Cascade Mountains
  20. 20. Volcanic Mountains~formed by volcanic eruptions~ 12. Mount St. Helens

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