POLS 7050                                                    Background
                  Public Administration
          ...
Recommendations                                                        Recommendations
• Logistic support to participating...
Recommendations                                                        Recommendations
 • Testing instrument
         g   ...
Statistics reviews                                        Recommendations
 Su ey
 Survey by the Hong Kong Secondary
      ...
Recommendations                                                   Recommendations
                                        ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

School Drug Testing Scheme in Hong Kong

1,944 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,944
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
26
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

School Drug Testing Scheme in Hong Kong

  1. 1. POLS 7050 Background Public Administration • Task Force on Youth Drug Abuse’s report : Abuse s School drug testing scheme is the most effective tool to combat & deter youth drug abuse Analysis of School-based y School- to facilitate early intervention of young drug Drug Testing Policy abusers for counselling & treatment in Hong Kong • Pilot scheme on school drug testing in Tai Po in 10-12/2009 g SZE Man Wai, Lily (08407665) WONG Shun Ting, Sandy (08418020) MPA- MPA-2 Evaluation Evaluation • Views of the community y Majority being supportive of • Views of school heads & teaching staff school based school-based drug testing scheme Over 70% of Hong Kong Subsidized Sources For Against No comment/ Schools being supportive others Hong Kong Professional Teachers’ HKU POP 78% 16% 6% Union & Education Employees General DAB 53.6% 7.3% 39.1% Union being positive Policy Development Recommendations Step 1 Issue identification • Development of policy instrument Step 2 Policy analysis Logistic support to participating schools before implementation Step 3 Development of policy instrument Consent of parents & students Step St 4 Consultation Confidentiality Step 5 p Coordination More resources M Step 6 Decision Testing instrument Step 7 Implementation Step 8 Professional support services Evaluation
  2. 2. Recommendations Recommendations • Logistic support to participating schools g pp p p g • Logistic support to participating schools g pp p p g before implementation before implementation Guidance checklist for assessing feasibility & identifying possible Support difficulties to be faced by schools before joining & y j g implementation, such as additional manpower & resources technical & financial assistance required clear guidelines on drug testing for school heads & teaching government representatives attending briefings for staff parents & students instructions on h i t ti how t h dl parents & students refusing to handle t t d t f i drug test Recommendations Recommendations • Consent of parents & students • Confidentiality Information is a key to SUCCESS Compliance with Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance Consent form should include : Adoption of “need-to-know” principle of testing procedure when releasing the data usage & disclosure of personal data Reducing the number of information receivers consequences of positive test result Recommendations Recommendations • Testing instrument • More resources Pros & cons of various testing instruments Tests Pros Cons Relieving workload & job pressure of Urine • speedy result • adulteration of specimen teaching staff • reliable • inconvenience • least expensive • embarrassment & uneasiness to users Sharing workload of school social worker Hair • easy & convenience • more expensive • more reliable • longer period for verification • longer window of detection Making use of St d t M ki f Student • difficult to adulterate Drug Testing Team Oral fluids • lower risk of tampering • drugs & drug metabolites not • easy collection y remain in oral fluids Sweat • quick application & • not applicable to users with removal excessive hair, skin cuts, • non-invasive abrasion & eruptions • not common for processing result
  3. 3. Recommendations Recommendations • Testing instrument g • Professional support services Based on the above comparison… Provide treatment & rehabilitation services to problem students, not punishment bl t d t t i h t Hair test is recommended over urine test… Strengthen downstream support services For higher reliability counselling For lower risk of adulteration medical treatment For reducing uneasiness & rehabilitation services inconvenience to users Policy Development Statistics reviews Step 1 Issue identification • According to the OECD public Step 2 Policy analysis management policy belief, consultation is Step 3 Development of essential in the process of policy making. f policy instrument Step St 4 • A number of statistics had shown that the Consultation Step 5 p public dissatisfactions towards inadequate Coordination public consultation f the S h l D bli l i for h School Drug Step 6 Decision Testing Scheme ( g (SDTS). ) Step 7 Implementation Step 8 Evaluation Statistics Reviews Statistics reviews Su ey Survey by t e Bauhinia Foundation the au a ou dat o Survey by the Oriental Press Group (sample of 618 respondents aged 18 or above) Research Centre (BFRC) (sample of 719 respondents who are parents/guardians of secondary school students) 23% of the respondents were unsatisfied with 22% of the respondents inadequate consultation said they did not understand the SDTS 34% said the Gov’t Gov t poorly prepared and 38% anwsers “50/50” 50/50 researched leaving the Scheme controversial
  4. 4. Statistics reviews Recommendations Su ey Survey by the Hong Kong Secondary t e o g o g Seco da y Students Union (sample of 1027 secondary school students) Importance of Consultation 72.41% of secondary students y Gather useful opinions and experience thought that the SDTS haven’t Build join-up institutional force been undergone a thorough Increasing acceptance & legitimacy of policy consultation. Build trust & manage public expectation Monitoring the media Recommendations Recommendations Importance of Consultation Importance of Consultation Build join-up institutional force Gather useful opinions and experience Internal consultation is equally important during the Stakeholders (e.g. teachers, social workers, policy making process principals etc ) – daily and long standing interaction etc.) long-standing w/t drug-addicted students To ensure the consistency in efforts across relevant departments in connection with the goal of the policy Better understanding in current anti-drug services and limitations. limitations Provide more practical and useful viewpoints Recommendations Recommendations Importance of Consultation Importance of Consultation Increasing acceptance & legitimacy of policy Build trust & manage public expectation 2-way interaction – to inform and to be informed Being respected & valued → engender mutual trust Better understandings in various perspectives Positive sentiments among public useful in managing citizens’ expectations → minimize the citizens Esp. important for policy without legal basis potential of expectations-outcomes mismatch
  5. 5. Recommendations Recommendations Timeframe for Consultation Importance of Consultation For the SDTS Monitoring the media Phases Duration Purpose 1st • Before the • Discuss key principles and broad context ↑ Dissemination of info. to public announcement of of the policy the Scheme • Collecting specific opinions g p p • 3-month targeted • Reach preliminary consensus consultation Take an active role in providing info. to the media 2nd • Period between • Details of the policy announcement and • C Consensus with stakeholders and th ith t k h ld d the → minimize the risk of media blow-up implementation of community the Scheme 3rd • After the first trial • Ongoing evaluation Scheme • 6-month or above • Respond to community’s feedbacks period of time • Better cooperation with parties concerned in future Recommendations Recommendations Consultation Strategies Consultation Strategies Independent citizens/experts advisory body Informal dialogue Advices, inputs and ad hoc feedbacks Build up/sustain a relationship with interested groups Participations from diff. levels of the community → Recommended to use in an early stage → reach inflow of constructive ideas & f t government- i fl f t ti id foster t initial consensus public relation Responsive to changes → assist in monitoring the development direction and sometimes acts a direction, cushion for conflicts among interested groups Recommendations Recommendations Consultation Strategies Consultation Strategies Web-based application Deliberative/scenario-building workshops Instant and interaction platform →updated opinions In-depth understanding Facilitate long-term relationship and confidence Reduce the burden of consultation → cost-effective towards the policy Develop an open and democratic image to the Gov/t Realize & manage people’s ideas and expectations, esp. good for complicated issue E.g. Online submission, forums, noticeboards, blogs

×