AAACE Annual Conference, 2010
Terry Carter, firstname.lastname@example.org
Jeff Nugent, email@example.com
Virginia Commonwealth University
Enhancing Self-Directed Learning through a
Personal Learning Network
video / communicationsearch ++
networking / collaboration
Platform of Participation
Knowles’s 1975 definition
“a process in which individuals take the initiative, with or
without the help of others, in diagnosing their learning
needs, formulating learning goals, identifying human and
material resources for learning, choosing and implementing
appropriate learning strategies, and evaluating learning
outcomes” (p. 18)
Adapted from Warlick, 2009
wikis, SNS Social
(distant & local)
(distant & local)
chat, IM, virtual
Help Learners Create a PLN
What skills are
needed to engage in
learning that is
open, social and
What Challenges Do You
See in Helping Learners
Become More Self-
Directed through the
development of a PLN?
Freeman, L. C. (2004). The development of social network analysis: A study in the sociology
science. Vancouver: Empirical Press.
Granovetter, M. S. (1983). The strength of weak ties: A network theory revisited.
Sociological Theory, 1, 201-233. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/202051
Knowles, M. S. (1975). Self-directed learning: A guide for learners and teachers. Chicago, IL:
Jenkins, H. (2006). Confronting the challenges of participatory culture: Media education for
century. Boston: MIT Press and The John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur
Foundation Reports on Digital Media. Retrieved from
Lave, J., & Wenger, E. (1991). Situated learning: Legitimate peripheral participation. New
York: Cambridge University Press.
Marsick, V. J., & Watkins, K. E. (1990). Informal and incidental learning in the workplace.
New York, NY: Routledge.
Warlick, D. (2009, March-April). Grow your personal learning network. Leading and
Learning with Technology, 36(6), 12-16.
Wenger, E. (1998). Communities of practice: Learning, meaning, and identity. New York:
Cambridge University Press.
Wenger, E., McDermott, R. A., & Snyder, W. (2002). Communities of practice: A guide to
managing knowledge. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.