Alliances:Partnership for Land Use    Asia Forest Network
Alliances: Overview Development Alliances Decentralization: Creating Need for Alliance Advantages of Alliances Weakness of...
Development AlliancesMost desirable kind of ‘development’ as it: Is viewed as locally designed & attainable Responds to so...
Decentralization Creates Need forAlliances Decentralization   Consolidation of the democratic process by   widening its ba...
Decentralization and Forestlands Decentralization and local governance hardest to implement in forestlands   People are ac...
Local Governments:Land Use Planning & Implementation “Grouping” of local government unit (LGU) and local people is an emer...
Why Alliances Triggered by awareness of natural resource degradation Formed to respond to the geographic situation by addr...
Why Alliances Stakeholders bring different perspectives, experience and capacity into a discussion Natural landscape may c...
Weakness of Alliances Difficulties in securing commitment Lack in funding, human resources & technical knowledge Low level...
Cases in PhilippinesAllah Valley Landscape Development Alliance (AVLDA)    A multi-stakeholder group comprised of represen...
Cases in Philippines, cont.Bukidnon Watershed Protection & Development  Council    One of the first province-wide initiati...
Who & what they are…Area               ID         Focus            ResponseAgusan Marsh       Dev        Problems re      ...
Who & what they areArea                   ID         Focus             ResponseLake Mainit            Dev        Partnersh...
Findings from Philippine Cases Named alliances are a new development initiatives emerging locally going beyond sector to t...
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Presentation on alliances_afn [read-only] [compatibility mode]

  1. 1. Alliances:Partnership for Land Use Asia Forest Network
  2. 2. Alliances: Overview Development Alliances Decentralization: Creating Need for Alliance Advantages of Alliances Weakness of Alliances Examples of Alliances – Cases in Philippines 2
  3. 3. Development AlliancesMost desirable kind of ‘development’ as it: Is viewed as locally designed & attainable Responds to social concerns & social movements Seeks full stakeholder participation & closed resource access Does address poverty concerns relating welfare and livelihood More easily incorporates concerns of local access rights &tenure into local environmental management Is not externally depended nor driven, no model or program format coming from above 3
  4. 4. Decentralization Creates Need forAlliances Decentralization Consolidation of the democratic process by widening its base participation & action Moves decision-making closer to local agents and provides a basis to recognize cultural and ecological diversity Local governance evokes transparency, accountability, and participation Growth in complexity of responsibility & response 4
  5. 5. Decentralization and Forestlands Decentralization and local governance hardest to implement in forestlands People are accustomed to be managed from national center Nationalization of forests eroded the authority of local cultures for managing surrounding natural resources Local management is difficult when ownership and authority is at national level: forests vs fisheries Multiple layers of planning needed Human security as continuity of access & rights, environmental stability Importance of forest resources to community’s livelihood, culture, and identity 5
  6. 6. Local Governments:Land Use Planning & Implementation “Grouping” of local government unit (LGU) and local people is an emerging strategy for dealing with the challenges Getting local governments to engage communities in land use planning strengthen the resource access rights and tenure Development of local groups demands creativity, responsibility, trust, and quality governance Easier to get attention on problems & new initiatives good or bad 6
  7. 7. Why Alliances Triggered by awareness of natural resource degradation Formed to respond to the geographic situation by addressing the issues & concerns in an collective manner Composed of a wide membership of those who agreed to work together - equitable but not equal personnel from local government offices and the planning offices; technical persons from the national line agencies (e.g. DENR) clusters of communities and existing community organizations civil society groups 7
  8. 8. Why Alliances Stakeholders bring different perspectives, experience and capacity into a discussion Natural landscape may cover more than one local administrative unit Can respond to broader concerns with greater capability Unique strategic position Partnership and collaborative action with planning and implementation agencies at local level lead them to better position in both policy recommendation and decision making Can bring information from the community level to the right people in the management or the board. 8
  9. 9. Weakness of Alliances Difficulties in securing commitment Lack in funding, human resources & technical knowledge Low level of involvement from local government personnel due to little flexibility Conflicting laws or differing interpretation of issues Need for local champion Quandaries over legal identity and structure 9
  10. 10. Cases in PhilippinesAllah Valley Landscape Development Alliance (AVLDA) A multi-stakeholder group comprised of representatives from the Province of South Cotabato and Sultan Kudarat, plus five national government agencies and one NGO Coalition Response to intensified flooding incidents resulting in greater risk to poor communities Objective and goal: Protection and management of the Allah valley landscape towards the goal of improving the socio- economic condition of the people Multi-stakeholdership contributions greater environmental sustainability through more comprehensive environmental management strengthen and sustain relationships between two regions by focusing on real needs 10
  11. 11. Cases in Philippines, cont.Bukidnon Watershed Protection & Development Council One of the first province-wide initiatives for watershed management in the country. Created through executive decree with the objective of fully protecting and preserving the remaining forest in the Bukidnon watersheds and to rehabilitate open areas within the headwaters of the watershed. Multi-sectoral council seeking to address management and protection needs for the watersheds in the province 11
  12. 12. Who & what they are…Area ID Focus ResponseAgusan Marsh Dev Problems re River bank stability, Alliance sustain wshed livelihoodAgusan Province Tech WG Enviro & Surface issues, basic livelihood needsAllah Valley Dev LGU enviro Planning, communityLandscape Alliance protection economic securityBukidnon Watershed Dev Collaborate on Local wshed plansProtection & Council initiatives, human securityCarood Watershed Manag’t Sustain LGU Local planning, Council initiative existing projects 12
  13. 13. Who & what they areArea ID Focus ResponseLake Mainit Dev Partnership for Wshed management, Alliance manag’t projectsLamon Bay Manag’t Improve Village ordinances,Integrated Fisheries Council manag’t & livelihood& Aquatic livelihoodLanuza Bay Dev Local Village councils, Alliance governance livelihoodMatarinao Bay Manag’t Improve Planning, Council manag’t & rehabilitation livelihoodGreater Dapitan- Informal Formation of Information & designDipolog City Area emerging Working Group 13
  14. 14. Findings from Philippine Cases Named alliances are a new development initiatives emerging locally going beyond sector to total area management Provincial or municipal enggement is key: Changes in leaders often result in changes in the level of commitment and concern for continuing the alliance Questions of sustainability may arise around election time Alliances often times fail to implement work programs due to limited technical and financial resources Communities view new ‘agency’ as another layer in the bureaucracy, and remain apprehensive unless definite and positive changes are demonstrated Lack of information about the area limits but drives planning and data management with purpose Through the alliances they can attain easier agreement on shared watershed problems as well as the delivery of basic services, expected to influence management and achieve greater human security 14

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