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# Music theory ABRSM Grade 1: what are tones and semitones?

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Start learning music theory for ABRSM Grade 1 with this presentation explaining what tones and semitones are.

This is the fourth presentation of many in Learn music theory for ABRSM Grade 1.

View this as a video (with my explanations): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VkRuXMNqC18
More lessons and posts available in my blog: http://music.jslvtr.com
This is part of an extensive video-course that covers all of ABRSM Grades 1 and 2, and is available here: https://www.udemy.com/music-theory-abrsm-1-2/?couponCode=YOUTUBE15

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### Music theory ABRSM Grade 1: what are tones and semitones?

1. 1. http://music.jslvtr.com Lesson 4 Tones and semitones Learn music theory: ABRSM Grades 1&2
2. 2. Learning objectives • What a semitone is • What a tone is
3. 3. A piano keyboard C D E F G A B C D
4. 4. A piano keyboard E F B C
5. 5. Tones C D 1 Semitone
6. 6. Tones C D 1 more Semitone
7. 7. Tones C D Total! 1 Tone
8. 8. Tones • Between any two notes that have a black note between them there is 1 Tone! • What about those that don’t have a black note between them?
9. 9. Semitones E F 1 Semitone
10. 10. Semitones E F Total! 1 Semitone
11. 11. Tones and semitones • The distance between two adjacent notes is a semitone • It doesn’t matter if the notes are white-black or white-white • So the distance between two white notes with no black note in between is 1 semitone, just as the distance between a white and a nearby black note is 1 semitone • This is because they are adjacent (there is nothing in between)
12. 12. We have seen • A semitone is the distance between two adjacent (nearby) keys • A tone is two semitones, usually the distance between two white notes (if they have a black note in between them)