The Harlem Renaissance

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A brief introduction

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The Harlem Renaissance

  1. 1. The Harlem Renaissance (c. 1918-37)
  2. 2. Definition • “Blossoming” of African American culture, especially the creative arts • Most influential movement in African American literary history • Sought to identify “the Negro” apart from white stereotypes that had influenced black people’s relationship to their heritage and each other (e.g. Minstrel shows & possibly Huck Finn) • Laid the groundwork for all subsequent African American literature (“Harlem Renaissance”)
  3. 3. Background • Precipitated by northward movement of blacks into urban spaces • Aided by higher rates of literacy, creation of national organizations, new socioeconomic opportunity, growing race pride • Ushered in the Civil Rights movement in the 1940s and 1950s (“Harlem Renaissance”)
  4. 4. Harlem • The city of Harlem was the symbolic capitol of the movement • Included influences from many sources: primarily in the US and the Carribbean • Harlem made “New Negroes” visible and provided publishing opportunities • The city was a catalyst for creative expression & drew blacks from all over the US (“Harlem Renaissance”)
  5. 5. Three Important Contributors
  6. 6. Langston Hughes • “Harlem” • “As I Grew Older” • Langston Hughes
  7. 7. Countee Cullen • “Yet I Do Marvel”
  8. 8. Zora Neale Hurston • Their Eyes Were Watching God
  9. 9. Works Cited Covarrubias, Miguel: dust jacket for Langston Hughes’s “The Weary Blues. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/media/72217/Dust-jacket-designed-by-theMexican-illustrator-and-writer-Miguel>. Cullen, Countee. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/media/15616/Countee-Cullen-pastel-byWinold-Reiss-1925>. "Harlem Renaissance." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2013. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/255397/Harlem-Renaissance>. Hurston, Zora Neale. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/media/73515/First-edition-dust-jacket-ofZora-Neale-Hurstons-Their-Eyes>.

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