Film Techniques


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Film Techniques

  1. 1. Eye Candy Film Techniques
  2. 2. Film History <ul><ul><li>Film has been around since the early 1900s. What began with silent film has grown into a form of mass media. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Film & Culture <ul><li>Why do we watch films? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we create films? </li></ul><ul><li>What place do films hold in our lives? </li></ul><ul><li>(How) do films affect our lives? </li></ul><ul><li>What makes a film “good”? </li></ul><ul><li>What makes a film memorable ? </li></ul>
  4. 4. AFI’s TOP 100 (10:00)
  5. 5. AFI’s Top 100 <ul><li>How would you describe these films? Why did you choose these words? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are these films the American Film Institute’s top 100? </li></ul><ul><li>What qualities do these films have? </li></ul><ul><li>Was one decade paid more attention than the others? </li></ul><ul><li>What did you notice about the development of film when watching these clips? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Film as Art <ul><li>In a book, the words tell the story, the plot. </li></ul><ul><li>What elements of a film contribute to the plot? How do these elements do so? </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Camera
  8. 8. The Shot <ul><li>A single, uninterrupted piece of film; the shot is the image that is seen on-screen until it is replaced by another image through some type of editing technique. </li></ul><ul><li>There’s a moment of black that seems to appear when the shot changes. It’s not always actually there, but the cut from shot to shot makes us feel like it is. If the camera moves without that cut, you’re still watching the same shot. </li></ul>
  9. 9. A Few Good Men (1992) <ul><li>“ You Can’t Handle the Truth”: (3:52) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. youtube .com/watch? v=8hGvQtumNAY </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Forrest Gump (1994) <ul><li>“ Forrest Gump Opening Scene - Alan Silvestri introduction ” : (2:47) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. youtube .com/watch? v=W7voy1vit6Y </li></ul>
  11. 11. You Say <ul><li>Discussion: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What effect does the length of the shots have on the meaning of this clip? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why do you think the director chose to include the feather scene? What does it mean? </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. They Say <ul><li>“ Forrest Gump: Making Of... Feather sequence” (3:23) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  13. 13. Psycho (1960) <ul><li>“ The Famous Shower Scene From &quot;Psycho ”” : (3:43) </li></ul><ul><li>o http://www. youtube .com/watch? v=8VP5jEAP3K4 </li></ul>
  14. 14. Psycho Discussion <ul><li>What effect does the amount of time in a shot have on the audience? on the story? </li></ul><ul><li>What effect does the juxtaposition of the long shot at the start of this clip with the short shots in the stabbing have? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Mr. & Mrs. Smith (2005) <ul><li>“ Mr. and Mrs smith hatelove.avi” (4:17) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. youtube .com/watch? v=-Ktkf9IYU7E </li></ul>
  16. 16. Framing <ul><li>The position of the subject/object which is the focus of the shot. </li></ul><ul><li>Three main types: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Long shot – from far away </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Close-up – zoom in </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3. Medium shot – waist up </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Carrie (1976) <ul><li>“ Carrie 1976 Full Prom Scene” (10:00) – (first 4:25) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  18. 18. Carrie Discussion <ul><li>What effect does alternating between long shots of the stage and medium shots of Carrie have? </li></ul><ul><li>What close-up shots are particularly important? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Pirates of the Caribbean III : At World’s End (2007) <ul><li>“ first scene form pirates of the caribbean 3 ” (3:26) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  20. 20. Framing Discussion <ul><li>What effect does each of these shots have on the audience? The story? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Long Shot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Close-up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medium shot </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Angles <ul><li>Where the camera is in relation to the subject </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Low angle – shot from below </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. High angle – shot from above </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Eye level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Dutch angle – close-up, tilted </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Vertigo (1958) <ul><li>“ Vertigo opening scene” (1:34) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. youtube .com/watch? v=N7sznnL0NZ0 </li></ul>
  23. 23. Vertigo Discussion <ul><li>Which angle was most effective in telling the plot in this clip? Why? </li></ul>
  24. 24. Slumdog Millionaire (2008) <ul><li>“ Slumdog Millionaire Film Clip - The Boys On A Train” (1:22) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. youtube .com/watch? v=mV912uiRM_A </li></ul>
  25. 25. Slumdog Millionaire Discussion <ul><li>Where did you see the different types of angles? </li></ul><ul><li>What effect did switching angles have? </li></ul>
  26. 26. Angle Discussion <ul><li>For what purpose do you suppose each angle is used? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Low angle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. High angle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Eye level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Dutch angle </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Camera Movement <ul><li>Pan </li></ul><ul><li>Tilt </li></ul><ul><li>Zoom </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking shot </li></ul>
  28. 28. Pan <ul><li>Camera pivots on a horizontal access; the focus moves from left to right. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Boogie Nights (1997) <ul><li>“ Boogie Nights - Opening Scene” (2:56) (first 0:40 is the shot) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. youtube .com/watch? v=Uc3QsYMjZMs (sound has been replaced by YouTube due to copyright issues) </li></ul>
  30. 30. Boogie Nights Discussion <ul><li>What effect does the pan shot have on this scene? </li></ul>
  31. 31. Tilt <ul><li>Camera pivots on a vertical access; the focus moves up and down. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Breaking News (2004) <ul><li>“ Breaking News – Opening Tracking Shot” (6:58) (first 0:40 is the shot) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  33. 33. Breaking News Discussion <ul><li>What is the function of the tilt shot in the previous clip? </li></ul>
  34. 34. Zoom <ul><li>Camera men change the length of the focus on the lens so that the object appears to move closer or further away. </li></ul>
  35. 35. The Godfather (1972) <ul><li>“ The Godfather I, pt. 1” (3:51) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. youtube .com/watch? v=rO0ijrgr-qQ </li></ul>
  36. 36. The Godfather Discussion <ul><li>What effect does the pan shot have in this scene? </li></ul>
  37. 37. Tracking <ul><li>Camera moves to follow an object/ character. </li></ul><ul><li>Camera may move on a dolly. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Pulp Fiction (1994) <ul><li>“ Classic Scene - Pulp Fiction (Tracking Shot)” (1:31) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. youtube .com/watch? v=GCG6CMFbPiI </li></ul>
  39. 39. Pulp Fiction Discussion <ul><li>What effect does this shot have on the audience? </li></ul>
  40. 40. Lighting
  41. 41. Gilda (1946) <ul><li>“ Gilda, First Scene” (2:42) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  42. 42. Gilda Discussion <ul><li>How does the lighting express the mood and desires of the characters? </li></ul>
  43. 43. I Am Legend (2007) <ul><li>“ I Am Legend Zombie Dog Scene” (4:08) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  44. 44. I Am Legend Discussion <ul><li>What role does light play in this scene? This film? </li></ul>
  45. 45. Sound
  46. 46. Sound <ul><li>Equally important to the image in creating an effect on the viewer. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be classified in many ways: dialogue, music, sound effects, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be analyzed for its pitch, timbre, direction, whether it’s on screen or off-screen. </li></ul>
  47. 47. Types <ul><li>The categories we’re most concerned with, that are easiest to analyze are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diegetic Sound – any sound that could logically be heard by the character within the movie environment (character speaks, coughs, a cat meows) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Background noise, traffic, dialogue between characters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nondiegetic Sound – any sound that would not be heard by the character in real life; sound intended only for the audience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Music (although not always), Voice-over, Sound effects </li></ul></ul></ul>
  48. 48. How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days (2003) <ul><li>“ You're So Vain - How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days” (1:52) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  49. 49. Titanic (1997) <ul><li>“ Titanic - &quot;I'm Flying&quot; Scene” (2:46) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  50. 50. Putting it All Together
  51. 51. Apocalypse Now (1979) <ul><li>“ Apocalypse Now (inicio)” (7:14) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>