Your Main GOAL
1) To pass BE with distinction
To achieve this
1) To get more than 80% marks in Term
work of all subjects.
2) To score at least 65 or more than 65
in theory subjects.
This course should result in
1. Thorough understanding of
Sources, Causes and effects of Air
2. Basic knowledge of Air Pollution
3. Basic knowledge of Air pollution
Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme
Lectures: 3Hrs/ Week
Theory paper: 100 Marks
Term Work: 25 Marks
1. Assignments / problems on Air
2. Sampling and analysis of Ambient
3. Sampling and analysis of
4. Demonstration of stack gas
One assignment on each unit
Total 8 units
Hence, 8 assignments
The Structure of the atmosphere, Definition
and scope of Air Pollution, Scales of air
Sources of Air Pollution : natural and
artificial, Classification of pollutant,
quantity and composition of particulate &
gaseous pollutant, units of measurement.
Effect of different air pollutants on man,
animals, vegetation, property, aesthetic
value and visibility, air pollution
episodes. Global effects of air pollutionglobal warming, ozone depletion, acid
rain and heat island effect.
The meteorology and air pollution: Different
meteorological factors and their effect, laps
rate and stability of atmosphere, inversion
phenomenon, precipitation and its relation
to scavenging pollutant in the air, wind
pattern, direction, velocity and fluctuations ,
models of diffusions and dispersion, plume
behaviour, stack height design, Maximum
Air pollution monitoring and regularity
control, Ambient Air quality standards,
emission limits, ambient air and stack
sampling, equipment for ambient air
and stack sampling, methods of
sampling, pollution monitoring of
existing sources and new installation.
Chemistry of air pollution, Chain
reactions of hydrocarbons,
nitrogen oxide, Sulphuric oxides
and intermediates, photochemical
smog formation, air pollution
indices -aerosols, fog, smog index.
Control of pollutant emission at
source, alternative fuels, process
change, removal methods of
particulate, principals of particulate
removals, various types of
particulate control equipments,
setting chamber, cyclone separators ,
scrubbers, fabric filters and
a) Principles of removal of gaseous
pollutants, design of incineration,
absorption adsorption systems. Vehicular
pollution, composition, quantity and
b) Status of air pollution in India, Air
pollution control act and strategy for
effective control of air pollution.
i) Air pollution and control technologies – Wark
ii) Air pollution – Martin Crawford
iii) Text book of Air Pollution and Control
TechnologiesTechnologies- Y. Anjaneyulu, Allied Publishers
iv)Air pollution and Industry – R.D. Ross
v) Air Pollution – Rao and Rao
vi)Environmental Engineering – by Peavy and
vii) Air Pollution – Stern
viii) Fundamentals of Air Pollution- Raju BSN, IBH
ix) Air Pollution and Control- Murali Krishna,
x) An Introduction to Air Pollution- R. K.
PollutionTrivedi and Goyal, BSP Publications.
In addition you will get soft copies of
PowerPoint presentations , you can get print
outs and spiral bind it.
Those power point notes must be carried
during practical sessions.
Other planets have sunlight, but the Earth
is the only planet we know that has air
and water. Without air and water, the
Earth would be unable to sustain life.
A diverse community of plant and animal
life has thrived on this planet for millions
of years, sustained by the sun and
supported by the soil, water and air.
Air quality is important simply because we can’t avoid
breathing in the air around us. Man can survive
without food for 5 weeks and 5 days without water
but without air???????? not even five minutes
The average adult breathes in about 20 cubic
meters, or 20,000 litres of air a day! Mass of air
taken in is 16 kg./day
Those of us who live in cities should be especially
concerned, since we are exposed to a greater amount of
pollutants coming from automobile traffic, commercial,
industrial and manufacturing facilities, as well as other
Air pollutants can cause a variety of health
problems - including breathing problems;
asthma; reduced lung function; lung
damage; bronchitis; cancer; and brain
and nervous system damage.
Air pollution can also irritate the eyes,
nose and throat, and reduce resistance to
colds and other illnesses. Air pollution
can be especially harmful to the very
young, the very old, and those with
certain pre-existing medical conditions.
Air pollution also causes haze and smog
reduces visibility, dirties and damages
buildings and other landmarks, and
harms trees, lakes and animals.
It is also responsible for thinning the
protective ozone layer in the upper
atmosphere that protects us from harmful
ultraviolet radiation from the sun, and may
be contributing to the phenomenon known
as global warming- the steady increase in
average temperature of the global climate.
With increasing urbanisation and
Industrialisation, humans started to release
more wastes into the atmosphere than
nature could cope with.
Since then, more pollution has been added to
the air by industrial, commercial and
domestic sources. As these sources are
usually found in major cities, the gases that
are produced are usually concentrated in the
air around them.
The adverse effects of air pollution
were graphically illustrated in London
in 1952 when, in just a few days, an
estimated 4000 people died from
effects of fine particle pollution.
It is when these concentrated gases
exceed safe limits that we have a
pollution problem. Nature can no
longer manage air pollution without
Q 1. . The average adult breathes in about
________________ litres of air a day.
Q 2. Average adult person takes in ______ kg of
Q 3. __________________ and ______________________ are
main causes of increasing air pollution.
Q 4. Air pollutants are more concentrated in and
Q 1 . Explain importance of air and air quality.