Chapter2 (day 2)


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Chapter2 (day 2)

  1. 1. An Elite View of the Founding Fathers<br />Day 2<br />
  2. 2. Elite vs. Pluralist Theory<br />For those that have an example that supports either Elite or Pluralist Theory, write it on a piece of paper with your name and email address. Then, fold the paper over and pass it to the front. <br />2<br />
  3. 3. Do I have all the Papers?<br />If you turned in a paper with an answer on it, you are free to leave now—I’ll email you class notes for tonight. <br />
  4. 4. Shared Elite Preferences<br />Common education, wealth, & prior leadership experience<br />Variation in specific economic interests (see Table 2.1)<br /> benefit from similar community values<br />
  5. 5. 5<br />
  6. 6. Government Bond Holders<br />
  7. 7. Real Estate & Land Speculators<br />
  8. 8. Lenders & Investors<br />
  9. 9. Merchants, Manufacturers, & Shippers<br />
  10. 10. Planters & Slaveholders<br />
  11. 11. Meeting Elite Needs<br />Protect property (all)<br />Voting rights<br />Tax, regulate commerce, & issue currency (most)<br />National army (all)<br />Limiting state interference in contracts (most)<br />
  12. 12. Elite Divisions<br />Over Federalism:<br />Republicans opposed centralization of power<br />Federalists favored a stronger government <br />By population:<br />Small vs. large states (Senate vs. House)<br />Over slavery:<br />3/5 Compromise<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Brain Break!<br />If you knew ahead of time you would be stranded on a desert island, which brand of celebrity-chef cooking knives would you take with you as your “survival knife”? Explain. No really, I insist. <br />
  14. 14. The Final Document<br />Popular sovereignty<br />A republican government<br />A limited government<br />Separation of powers<br />A federal system<br /> Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning <br />14<br />
  15. 15. 15<br />
  16. 16. Separation & Balance<br />
  17. 17. 17<br />
  18. 18. Are Checks & Balances Necessarily Good?<br />The structure of our government & Madison’s justification in Fed. #51 suggest government gridlock may be a good thing? Is it? Discuss.<br />
  19. 19. Factions Among Delegates<br />Beliefs ranged from the near-monarchism of Hamilton to definite decentralized republicanism.<br /> Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning <br />19<br />© Archivo Iconografico, S.A./Corbis<br />
  20. 20. Politicking & Compromises<br />Be familiar with the competing plans and the compromises <br />20<br />
  21. 21. Ratification<br />The Federalist Papers<br />An attempt to persuade the public to support the new form of government<br />Variation in support<br />Federalists vs. anti-federalists<br />BoR as “carrot”<br /> Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning <br />21<br />
  22. 22. Ratification of the Constitution<br /> Copyright © 2009 Cengage Learning <br />22<br />
  23. 23. Unresolved Problems: The Bill of Rights<br />No explicit limits on state government powers<br />Protections of rights/liberties from state governments not guaranteed!<br />23<br />
  24. 24. Madison’s Fear of Factions<br />Fed. #51: How to weaken factions<br />Multiple interests<br />Overlapping interests<br />Multiple loyalties<br />Diversity a good thing<br />Protects minority rights<br />This suggests too much elite power a bad thing!<br />
  25. 25. “In a free government, the security for civil rights must be the same as that for religious rights. It consists in the one case in the multiplicity of interests and the other multiplicity of sects.”<br />How does this relate to the Islamic Center controversy in NYC?<br />25<br />Library of Congress<br />
  26. 26. Final Points<br />Elite-led democracy not so bad?<br />Elite consensus on equality of opportunity, liberty, & property<br />Public goods<br />Upward mobility possible<br />Hamilton: illegitimate birth, poor childhood, immigrant status, & failure to become wealthy<br />Yet, highly influential<br />