Poetic terms meinke and hughes


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Poetic terms meinke and hughes

  1. 1. How do I interpret poetry?Literal Interpretation: reading a story, poem, novel, ordrama for face value. What the author writes is EXACTLYwhat he/she means.Figurative Interpretation: reading a story, poem, novel, ordrama for more than one meaning. The author conveyssomething other than the literal. Look for symbols, imagery,figurative language, etc… to give you a bigger or deepermeaning.
  2. 2. Identifying Author’s Style Style – the way an author chooses words, and arranges them in sentences or in lines of dialogue. Elements of style include the following:  Imagery - language that appeals to sight, sound, smell, taste, touch  Dialect - a way of speaking that is characteristic of a particular region, gender, age group – writers use dialect to bring characters to life  Tone - writer’s attitude toward the subject, a character, or the reader  Mood - the atmosphere or feeling of a text
  3. 3. Elements of Style Continued  Diction –narrowly defined as a speaker’s (or author’s) word choice. (Consider why an author might rely on connotative vs. denotative language).  Syntax - refers to the arrangement – the ordering, grouping, and placement – of words within a phrase, clause or sentence.  Short, choppy or even fragmented sentences are often used to signal an important point, a shift in direction, or to isolate a particular detail.  Formal and informal syntax each have their own place in emphasizing an author’s purpose, and you must get in the habit of looking at syntax.
  4. 4. Author’s Purpose Authors write for different reasons: to persuade – the author’s aim is to convince the reader that his/her position is the best one. Consider editorials and/or fiction that persuades readers through characters’ actions/choices.
  5. 5. Author’s Purpose (continued) to entertain – the author’s aim is to make the reading of the text an enjoyable experience for the reader. Consider “feel good” and/or horror stories.
  6. 6. Author’s Purpose (Continued)to inform – the author’s aim is to convey valuable information to the reader. Consider textbooks, newspaper articles, graphs/charts, research.
  7. 7. Literary Terms/Meinke Symbol – an object or an action in a story, poem, novel, or drama that means more than itself, that stands for something beyond itself Free Verse – poetry with no pattern or rhyme Repetition –the repeating of words, phrases, sounds for impact
  8. 8. Literary Terms/ Hughes’s Poem Extended metaphor – a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without using like or as. It is developed over several lines or throughout an entire poem. Dialect – a way of speaking that is characteristic of a particular region or group of people. Writers often use dialects to bring characters to life.
  9. 9. Hughes’s Poem (Continued) Dramatic Monologue – a type of poem in which a speaker talks to a silent listener