Session 7 lighting in film: Film Appreciation Course


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Session 7 lighting in film: Film Appreciation Course

  1. 1. Shedding Light on the Subject Film Appreciation/ Basic Photography Mass Communication Department
  2. 2. Form vs Function  We see what we expect to see, instead of what is there.  We see function, not form.  The camera doesn’t know about function, it only sees form.
  3. 3. To see what the camera sees  Secret: look not for function, but for shapes, forms, the way lights hit the subject, highlights, shadows, contrast, color and relationship of subject to other things in the field of view.
  4. 4. Overview  Light and Shadow  Light Source Position  Light Direction  Light Ratio  Hard Light and Soft Light
  5. 5. Truss Light System
  6. 6. Light and Shadow  Take note of the following:  Light Source: where it’s coming from?  Where highlights and shadows fall?
  7. 7. Frontlighting  “Shoot with sun behind you”  “safe” lighting: bright and shadow-free photo  Flat, shadow-less photo  No texture and depth, less dramatic  Nothing is hidden in shadows  (a) Up lighting  (b) Down lighting
  8. 8. Front Lighting
  9. 9. Sidelighting/ Rimlighting  Brings out texture and shape of subject  Produces strong shadows  Dramatic lighting: early or late in the day  Shoot northerly or southerly
  10. 10. Sidelighting Jim Paredes, 2004
  11. 11. Backlighting  Comes from behind the subject  Casts shadows towards the camera  Silhouette vs flash-fill  To light the subject: use reflector
  12. 12. Low Angle Lighting  Light comes from below a subject  Campfires, setting sun  Good for eerie Halloween portraits
  13. 13. Top Lighting  Natural lighting effect  Light source at some angle above the subject  Bad for portraits: subject’s eyes get lost in deep shadows  Bad for scenics: shadows are short and not dramatic
  14. 14. Main Light and Fill Light  Main or key light: dominant light source/ provides lighting direction  Main or key light: Establishes highlights and shadows
  15. 15. Fill Light  Fill light: second light  Direct light into shadow areas and lighten them to desired level  Less powerful than key lights  Establishes the lighting ratio; main light establishes lighting direction
  16. 16. Lighting Ratio  Difference in brightness between the highlight area and shadow area  Lighting ratio for portrait: 2:1 to 4:1 Bong S. Eliab 2008
  17. 17. Hard Light and Soft Light  Hard light: produces dark shadows and harsh higlights  Soft light: produces weak shadows and muted highlights
  18. 18. Lighting Accessories  Bounce umbrellas: reflectors  Effective in softening the light  The bigger the umbrella, the softer the light
  19. 19. DIY Lighting  Get a spotlight bulb from a hardware  220V, 1000W  220V, 500W  220V, 250W
  20. 20. Canister  Use a paint can or mil can  Install a standard bulb socket  Connect to regular 600V wire  Install switch/ dimmer according to wattage
  21. 21. Flaps at the Front  Use regular hinges  Bold hinges on the can using 0.5 screw/ nuts  Paint flaps with black paint Mount canister on a regular tripod head
  22. 22. Summary  Lighting is a very important element of every photograph. Learning to see and control lighting will make your photo better.  The lighting direction creates the overall look of the photo.  With natural light, you can control the effect by moving your subject and camera or by waiting for the sun to move to a better position for scenic subjects.
  23. 23. Summary  Built-in electronic flash lighting is convenient, but not exciting.  Soft light is more forgiving than hard light.  When you go out looking for things to photograph, look for lighting instead of things.