Diabetes Made Easy

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Diabetes for Nursing Students, Easy to Understand:)

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  • DIET: Goals of diet therapy Principles of nutrition in diabetes Protein, fats and carbohydrates, fiber, sweeteners, fat replacers Alcohol Food labeling Exchange system, carbohydrate counting Special considerations for type 1 and type 2 diabetes EXERCISE Purpose - controls blood glucose and lowers blood glucose Purpose - reduce the amount of insulin needed
  • Diabetes Made Easy

    1. 1. GROUP N AMEHope you enjoy t he show 
    2. 2.  An endocrine disorder; a group of metabolic diseases characterised by elevated levels of glucose in the blood resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, insulin receptors or any combination of conditions. OR EASILY PUT…. Cells are swimming in glucose (their food) but starving to death because of insulin issues.
    3. 3.  Type I: Destruction of beta cells-> decreased insulin production->uncontrolled glucose production-> HYPERGLYCEMIA Type II: Decreased sensitivity of insulin receptor to insulin-> less uptake of glucose-> HYPERGLYCEMIA REMEMBER the concept ~Sugar Into The Cells~
    4. 4. Type 1 – IDDM  LITTLE to NO Insulin Type 2– NIDDM  20-30% Hereditary  some insulin produced  Ketoacidosis  90% hereditary Other types include Secondary Diabetes: › Genetic defect beta cell or insulin › Disease of pancreas  Gestational › Drug/chemical induced › Infections-pancreatitits › overweight; risk for Type 2
    5. 5.  Classic 3 P’s  Family Hx diabetes Fatigue  Race/Ethnicity Body Weakness  Age Weight Changes  Hypertension Visual Changes  Hyperlipidemia Slow Wound Healing/  Hx of Gestational Diabetes Recurrent Skin infections Mellitus Laboratory Tests-> FBS/fasting  Other signs and symptoms of blood sugar >7.0 mmol/L diabetes complications
    6. 6. Chronic MACROVASCULAR Acute Cardiovascular disease Cerebrovascular disease  Diabetic ketoacidosis MICROVASCULAR Retinopathy (vision)  Hyperglycemic- problems hyperosmolar-nonketotic Diabetic neuropathy syndrome Diabetic nephropathy  Hypoglycemia from too Male erectile dysfunction much insulin or too little glucose
    7. 7. Diabetes can be managed or controlled by: Educating patient about diabetes Exercising regularly Eating a healthy well balanced diet Avoiding smoking (people with diabetes who smoke are at a higher risk of developing cardiovascular complications). Avoid alcohol Pharmacologic Therapy Type One: Insulin Injections given subcutaneously Type Two: Oral Medication, such as Metformin
    8. 8. Hot + Dry = Sugar HighCold n Clammy= Need Some Candy
    9. 9. And For All You Visual Learners, Heres A Treat:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NnIWDxuZKUo&feature=related

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