Unit 5 Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs (ATOD)


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Unit 5 Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs (ATOD)

  2. 2. TOBACCO: (chpt.20/L.1) <ul><li>Define: </li></ul><ul><li>Nicotine: Addictive drug found in tobacco leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulant: A drug increasing the action of the central nervous system </li></ul><ul><li>Carcinogen: Any cancer causing substance/ Tobacco contains: </li></ul><ul><li>TAR (sticky fluid) and CARBON MONOXIDE (colorless and poisonous gas): also compounds found in paint, rat poison, toilet cleaner……..all carcinogens </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why teens use Tobacco (chpt.20/L.2) <ul><li>Several reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Belief that smoking controls weight </li></ul><ul><li>2. Smoking helps deal with stress </li></ul><ul><li>3. Smoking makes them look mature </li></ul><ul><li>TRUTH: </li></ul><ul><li>1. 90% adults smoking started as teen and are addicted typically for life </li></ul><ul><li>2. Reduces ability to exercise so weight gain occurs </li></ul><ul><li>3. Nicotine makes you dependent so increases your stress levels </li></ul>
  4. 4. LESS TEENS ARE USING TOBACCO <ul><li>77% of all high school students do not use tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Why the change? </li></ul><ul><li>1. 1998 legislation banned smoking companies from advertising to young people </li></ul><ul><li>2. No smoking policy: Legislation is now limiting smoking in public places </li></ul><ul><li>3. Family: Teens without smoking parents, tend to not smoke </li></ul><ul><li>4. Health risks and peer pressure: Teens are understanding the risks and when one the majority avoid it, peers avoid it </li></ul><ul><li>***NICOTINE WITHDRAWAL—a painful process that occurs in the body when nicotine or any addictive drug is no longer used </li></ul>
  5. 5. CREATING A SMOKE FREE ENVIRONMENT (chpt.20/L.3) <ul><li>Environmental smoke/Secondhand smoke: Air contaminated by tobacco smoke (combination of the following 2) </li></ul><ul><li>Mainstream smoke: Smoke exhaled from the lungs of a smoker </li></ul><ul><li>Sidestream smoke: Smoke from the burning end of a cigarette or cigar </li></ul>
  6. 6. YOUNG CHILDREN AND THE UNBORN CHILD <ul><li>What are the health risks to the young and unborn? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Smoking seriously harms the fetus </li></ul><ul><li>B. Carbon monoxide reduces the oxygen level in the fetus </li></ul><ul><li>C. Babies are at a lower birth weight (also true of alcohol and drug use) </li></ul><ul><li>D. Babies are born with deformities and stillbirths </li></ul><ul><li>E. Twice as likely to die, after birth, from SIDS (suddent infant death syndrome) (even from Environmental smoke) </li></ul><ul><li>F. Typically have issues after birth with ear infections, asthma attacks and respiratory infections </li></ul>
  7. 7. CREATING A SMOKE FREE SOCIETY <ul><li>Fact: In most states, it is illegal to sell tobacco to teens under the age of 18 and it is illegal to smoke in public places </li></ul><ul><li>Fact: When a person decides to smoke , they not only make a decision that affects their health but the health of those around them </li></ul><ul><li>Fact: The U.S. Surgeon General claims—the only way to fully protect people from ETS is to prohibit smoking in public places </li></ul><ul><li>Fact: Creating a smoke free society reduces teens use of tobacco </li></ul>
  8. 8. Alcohol/Short & Long Term Effects (chpt.21/L.1) <ul><li>Short Term </li></ul><ul><li>Memory is dulled </li></ul><ul><li>Connections to learning can be permanently damaged </li></ul><ul><li>Judgment and coordination is altered </li></ul><ul><li>Increases stomach acid and causes nausea and vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>Large amounts consumed causes the pancreas to have acute pain </li></ul>
  9. 9. Long Term Effects <ul><li>Permanent damage to brain cells and reduction in brain size </li></ul><ul><li>Heart attacks and/or strokes due to increases in blood prssure and the heart muscle becoming weakened </li></ul><ul><li>Fats build up in the liver and cannot break down leading to cell death </li></ul><ul><li>Swelling of the pancreas and affect digestion leading to swelling and potential death </li></ul><ul><li>Damage to stomach/ ulcers and stomach cancer </li></ul>
  10. 10. Alcohol Use (chpt. 21/L.2) <ul><li>Psychological Dependence: </li></ul><ul><li>A condition in which a person believes that a drug is needed in order to feel normal </li></ul><ul><li>Physiological Dependence: A condition in which the user has a chemical need for a drug </li></ul><ul><li>Teens and Alcohol: </li></ul><ul><li>Fact: Teens who drink are more likely to be a victim or participate in a violent crime like rape, assault or robbery </li></ul><ul><li>Fact: Teens who drink are twice as likely to contract an STD as teens who do not drink </li></ul>
  11. 11. Alcohol and Driving(chpt.21/L.3) <ul><li>BAC (blood alcohol concentration): </li></ul><ul><li>Define: The amount of alcohol in a person’s blood, expressed as a percentage </li></ul><ul><li>DUI (driving under the influence): </li></ul><ul><li>DWI (driving while intoxicated): </li></ul><ul><li>Define: anyone driving with a .08% will be charged with drunk driving </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone driving under the age of 21 with any limit of alcohol—zero tolerance….no acceptable limit of alcohol can be in your system </li></ul>
  12. 12. Consequences of Drinking and Driving <ul><li>Facts: </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking and driving is unacceptable </li></ul><ul><li>Riding with someone who has been drinking is just as dangerous </li></ul><ul><li>If someone has been drinking, find another ride or call home </li></ul><ul><li>Legal consequences: </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for any deaths involved in an accident </li></ul><ul><li>Potential arrests,jail time,police records, lawsuits </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of driver’s license </li></ul><ul><li>High automobile insurance rates or policy canceled </li></ul>
  13. 13. Alcohol and Effects on Children <ul><li>Pregnancy: </li></ul><ul><li>A female drinking can seriously harm the fetus </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol passes directly from the bloodstream to the fetus </li></ul><ul><li>A fetus processes slowly so the alchol stays for a much longer time </li></ul><ul><li>FAS—fetal alcohol syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>Birth defects that happen to a baby from the mother drinking/ both physical and mental problems </li></ul>
  14. 14. Effects of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome <ul><li>The Are Severe and Lasting! </li></ul><ul><li>Small head and facial, hand, feet deformities </li></ul><ul><li>Heart, liver, kidney defects </li></ul><ul><li>Vision and hearing problems </li></ul><ul><li>Physical and mental impairment </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult learning and short attention span </li></ul><ul><li>Hyper, anxiety issues, social withdrawal </li></ul><ul><li>***FAS is the LEADING preventable cause of mental retardation in children </li></ul><ul><li>***Females who are pregnant should not drink ANY alcohol </li></ul>
  15. 15. Effects of Alcoholism on Children <ul><li>Define Alcoholic: </li></ul><ul><li>An addict who is dependent on alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>How does this affect their children? </li></ul><ul><li>1. 4 more times likely to become an alcoholic </li></ul><ul><li>2. There is more availability of alcohol in the home for the child to use </li></ul><ul><li>3. Children are typically neglected </li></ul><ul><li>4. Family and children become enablers to the alcoholic </li></ul><ul><li>5. Higher risk at becoming addicted with use at a young age </li></ul>
  16. 16. STAGES OF ALCOHOLISM <ul><li>Stage 1: Abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Begins with social drinking and may experience memory loss/ blackouts </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 2: Dependence </li></ul><ul><li>The person cannot stop drinking/ typically try to hide the problem/ performance on the job, home and school suffers </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 3: Addiction </li></ul><ul><li>The liver becomes damaged, less alcohol required to cause drunkenness/ if they stopped, extreme symptoms of withdrawal </li></ul>
  17. 17. Effects on the Family and Society <ul><li>Facts: </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. is home to 15 million alcoholics </li></ul><ul><li>4 th leading cause of accidental deaths (car accidents and drownings, violent crimes, house fires are at the top) </li></ul><ul><li>Codependency: Emotional and physical needs of self and others are ignored in order to focus on the alcoholic </li></ul><ul><li>Codependents lose self-esteem and trust </li></ul>
  18. 18. Steps to Recovery and Treatment <ul><li>Step 1: Admission </li></ul><ul><li>Admit they have a drinking problem and need help </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2: Detoxification </li></ul><ul><li>Body goes through withdrawal and adjusts to functioning without alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Step 3: Counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to change the behaviors in order to live without alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Step 4: Recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Person takes responsibility for his/her life </li></ul><ul><li>***Alcoholics cannot be CURED, only treated </li></ul><ul><li>***Recovery is a process of learning to live alcohol free </li></ul>
  19. 19. DRUG USE (chpt. 22/L.1) <ul><li>Health Risks: </li></ul><ul><li>A. Physical Health </li></ul><ul><li>1. Overdose—fatal reaction to a drug </li></ul><ul><li>2. Hepatitis B, HIV, Tuberculosis—Injecting a substance with a needle increase the risk of all these diseases </li></ul><ul><li>B. Mental Health </li></ul><ul><li>1. Impairs a teens ability to reason & think </li></ul><ul><li>2. Causes behavior to do things illegal or dangerous </li></ul><ul><li>3. Alters the brains structure and function </li></ul><ul><li>C. Social Health </li></ul><ul><li>1. Loss of friendships and other relationships </li></ul><ul><li>2. Future affected from poor choices (crime, injury,…) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Consequences of Drug Use <ul><li>A. for the individual </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological Dependence that develops over time and causes a person to believe they need the drug (same as alchohol) </li></ul><ul><li>Leading cause in teen depression and suicide/ leads to higher level of crime and jail time </li></ul><ul><li>B. for others </li></ul><ul><li>Fetus again born with defects the same as in alcohol use </li></ul><ul><li>C. for society </li></ul><ul><li>Lost wages, health care costs rise, accidents, jail time, law enforcement costs, etc. </li></ul>
  21. 21. MARIJUANA, STEROIDS (chpt. 22/L.2) <ul><li>Marijuana Facts: </li></ul><ul><li>Same risks as tobacco smokers </li></ul><ul><li>Marijuana has even higher levels of cancer causing chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>In males/ lowers testosterone </li></ul><ul><li>In females/ raises testosterone (leads to infertility—inability to have children) </li></ul><ul><li>Steroid Facts: </li></ul><ul><li>Anabolic Steroids—synthetic substance of the hormone testosterone </li></ul><ul><li>Results in unnatural muscle growth </li></ul><ul><li>Causes violent behavior, legal blindness, extreme mood swings, depression and paranoia </li></ul><ul><li>Non medical steroids are illegal/ athletes who use them gain unfair advantages and can face expulsion from a team or event/ get fined/ ruin their reputation and spend time in jail </li></ul>
  22. 22. PSYCHOACTIVE DRUGS (chpt. 22/ L. 3) <ul><li>Define: </li></ul><ul><li>Chemicals that affect the central nervous system and alter brain activity </li></ul><ul><li>A. Stimulants (speeds it up): Cocaine Ex. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Depressants (slows it down): Tranquilizer Ex. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Opiates: (derived from opium plant used to relieve pain): Heroine Ex. Slows breathing and pulse rate </li></ul><ul><li>D. Hallucinogens (serious alterations in the mind and thoughts): Mushrooms Ex. Causes flashbacks </li></ul><ul><li>***Cocaine and Heroine are injected and cause user to have a high risk of HIV/ Hepatitis B from infected needles and overdosing </li></ul>
  23. 23. THE DRUG FREE LIFE (chpt. 22/L.4) <ul><li>Steps to help you or a family member to become drug free: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Recognize the warning signs (p.614) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Identify community help sources </li></ul><ul><li>3. Express your affection and concern without being judgmental </li></ul><ul><li>4. Listen to the response/ be prepared for anger and denial </li></ul><ul><li>5. Offer to go with the person to a counselor or support group </li></ul>