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Citations: A Presentation Strategy


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You don't need to include all of your citations in your presentation. Instead, try to use images and simplify your slides. Remember, not everything you say needs to go up on the screen.

(All images in his presentation are reserved by the author and should not be used without explicit permission).

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Citations: A Presentation Strategy

  1. 1. We all need to cite previous work
  2. 2. Because we stand on the shoulders of giants
  3. 3. References Joseph G. Altonji and Rebecca M. Blank, “Race and Gender in the Labor Market,” in Orley Ashenfelter and David Card, eds., Handbook of Labor Economics, vol. 3C (New York: Elsevier, 1999), pp. 3143–3259. But you don’t need to include the full reference list in your presentation David Autor, The Polarization of Job Opportunities in the U.S. Labor Market: Implications for Employment and Earnings (Washington, D.C.: Center for American Progress and the Hamilton Project, April 2010), Figure 1. David Autor, Frank Levy, and Richard Murnane, “The Skill Content of Recent Technological Change: An Empirical Exploration,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 118, no. 4 (2003), pp. 1279–1333. David Card and John E. DiNardo, “Skill-Biased Technological Change and Rising Wage Inequality: Some Problems and Puzzles,” Journal of Labor Economics, vol. 20, no. 4 (September 2002), pp. 733–783. Robert C. Feenstra and Gordon H. Hanson, “Global Production Sharing and Rising Inequality: A Survey of Trade and Wages,” in E. Kwan Choi and James Harrigan, eds., Handbook of International Trade: Volume 1(Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2003), pp. 146– 185. Claudia Goldin and Lawrence F. Katz, The Race Between Education and Technology (Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press, 2008). Robert J. Gordon and Ian Dew-Becker, “Selected Issues in the Rise of Income Inequality,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, no. 2 (Fall 2007), pp. 169–190. Gottschalk, P. and Moffitt, R. (1994) “The Growth of Earnings Instability in the U.S. Labor Market,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 217-272. Wojciech Kopczuk, Emmanuel Saez, and Jae Song, Uncovering the American Dream: Inequality and Mobility in Social Security Earnings Data Since 1937, Working Paper No. 13345 (Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research, August 2007). David S. Lee, “Wage Inequality in the United States During the 1980s: Rising Dispersion or Falling Minimum Wage?” Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 114, no. 3 (August 1999), pp. 997–1023. Thomas Lemieux, “The Changing Nature of Wage Inequality,” Journal of Population Economics, vol. 21, no. 1 (January 2008), pp. 21–48. Thomas Piketty and Emmanuel Saez, “Income Inequality in the United States, 1913– 1998,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 118, no. 1 (February 2003), pp. 1–39.
  4. 4. It’s distracting and it clutters your slides
  5. 5. Instead, drop the citations and say them aloud
  6. 6. Instead of this:
  7. 7. Try this:
  8. 8. Or, better yet, use images & simplify
  9. 9. So, instead of this:
  10. 10. Try this: Previous Literature on Inequality
  11. 11. You can also use Presentation Mode to follow your notes
  12. 12. This will help your audience on content
  13. 13. And be more likely to your message
  14. 14. Contact Jonathan Schwabish @jschwabish