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  2. 2. NAME: Samwini Cephas Joshua Beujung INDEX NUMBER: 9842106 THE USE OF COMPUTER IN HORTICULTURAL PRODUCTION AT BOADI Samwini Cephas Joshua Beujung1 1 Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Faculty of Agriculture ABSTRACT: Computers are nowadays used in every aspect of life: they are used to type documents, to store large amounts of data for which large numbers of books would have been used, they are used to record, keep, and track financial information, to make every very complex calculations. They are also used to communicate in the recent innovation called the internet. Leisure-wise they can be used to play games and music and to watch movies. Computers are now used in almost every sphere of life. And very importantly in the production sector: be it the production of food or equipment. Computers have been used to automate processes that initially were done manually with one or more people. This research seeks to find out from vegetable growers at Boadi their knowledge of computers, whether they are computer literate and how they use computer to enhance their productivity on their farms.
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION: Elsewhere in the highly developed countries computers are used to control such operations as irrigation, in keeping farm inventories and other important financial records. This research was to ascertain the knowledge of farmers in the stated part of Kumasi have about computers and whether those farmers who are computer literate employ the use of computers in their production. Boadi is suburb of Kumasi along the Accra-Kumasi it is located between the Tech junction and Ejisu; moving towards Accra it is off the main road to the right at the round about before the Anwomaso junction. It is not particularly a major agricultural area but having a number of streams passing through the town some people find favourable conditions to undertake vegetable production near these streams. A questionnaire of 12 questions was used to interview the farmers to obtain the information in this study. The farmers were very cooperative and gave all the information requested from them. A large number of these farmers had little or no formal education. These constitute about 85% of all the farmers involved in the study. The result of the study are summarized as follows after which there is a tabular summary. Out of twenty farmers interviewed during the research, only three of them had had some formal education and out of the three two could use the computer with supervision but not on their own. None of those who had not been to school could use the computer. All the farmers had heard about the computer but only fourteen had seen it and knew some of the things computers can do. Three of them had access to computers at home which were mostly used by their children and finally none of them applied computer in their production eventhough one of them was aware of the potential of the computer to enhance the efficiency of their production. Formal Have heard Know what Have access Have used Apply education about computers to computers computers computers to computer can do before their production Number 3 20 14 3 2 0 of farmers
  4. 4. RECOMMENDATION: There should be some form of education to the at the district level on how computers can be used to enhance their productivity in keeping inventories, financial records, searching for information on the internet, how to access research results in their fields of practice advancements in equipment, to market their produce over the internet, labeling and branding their produce to make them presentable on the market among many others thing which are made possible by computers. CONCLUSION: In these modern days in our globalized world our farmers face competition not only from within from farmers here in Ghana, they also have stern competition from farmers in the advanced countries who import their produce to us and sell them at prices much cheaper than those from our local farmers. It is therefore necessary for our farmers to be taught such technologies to enhance their efficiency and to beat down production casts in the long run. References: Legacy J, Stitt T, Reneau F, (1984) Microcomputing in Agriculture, Reston Publishing Henry L, Kyna E,(1997) The Farmer’s Guide to the Internet, TVA rural Studies