Korean War
1950-1953
• How does this cartoon A help explain the
Marshall Plan?
• What does this cartoon B represent pertaining to the Cold
War? Explain. What policy issued by President Truman
helped en...
• 1949 China falls to Communists.
• After WWII, Korea was divided
along the 38th parallel.
• North of line was communism
•...
• South Korean army fled
south as the North came
• S. Korean army was
inefficient and no
match.
• Truman immediately sent
...
• United Nations and U.S. troops led by General Douglas
MacArthur pushed the North Koreans to the Chinese
border.
• First ...
The U.S. Response
• Chinese sent 1 million
“volunteers” to help N.
Korea as a response to U.S.
troops.

• Forced MacArthur to retreat
to 38t...
• Do you agree with Truman and the U.N. or MacArthur’s
strategy on the Korean War? Explain.

Korean War Overview Video
• MacArthur criticized
Truman to a congressman
and was fired
• Because of the public
criticism hit the media

• 1952 Dwigh...
• Do you think that Truman was just (right) in firing
MacArthur for violating the Truman Doctrine? Explain.

Truman fires ...
• Korea was divided exactly like as it had been before the
invasion when the war ended.
• 38th is still today one of the m...
• How has the Korean War impacted North and South Korea
today? Explain.

Impact of Korean War today (stop
at 2:12)
• Soviet Union launched Sputnik satellite into space. It
was the size of a beach ball.
• U.S. did NOT want the Soviet Unio...
Korean War
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Korean War

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Overview of the Korean War

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Korean War

  1. 1. Korean War 1950-1953
  2. 2. • How does this cartoon A help explain the Marshall Plan?
  3. 3. • What does this cartoon B represent pertaining to the Cold War? Explain. What policy issued by President Truman helped enforce this strategy?
  4. 4. • 1949 China falls to Communists. • After WWII, Korea was divided along the 38th parallel. • North of line was communism • South of line was democratic • June 1950 – North Korea with the help of the Soviet Union invaded South Korea. • North Korea wanted to unify the country under communist rule • Stalin (leader of Soviets) thought Americans would not care to become involved The Korean War (1950-1953)
  5. 5. • South Korean army fled south as the North came • S. Korean army was inefficient and no match. • Truman immediately sent U.S. troops to Korea to resist the invasion • Truman Doctrine: containment policy The Korean War (1950-1953)
  6. 6. • United Nations and U.S. troops led by General Douglas MacArthur pushed the North Koreans to the Chinese border. • First time an international peace organization successfully used military force to halt aggression • All countries involved were in belief the Domino Theory could happen if no action was taken. The Korean War 1950-1953
  7. 7. The U.S. Response
  8. 8. • Chinese sent 1 million “volunteers” to help N. Korea as a response to U.S. troops. • Forced MacArthur to retreat to 38th parallel • Gen. MacArthur wants to declare war on China. • President Truman orders, “NO!” as he feared a World War III. • Wanted to liberate China from Communist control and use atomic weapons Response to U.S. Invasion.
  9. 9. • Do you agree with Truman and the U.N. or MacArthur’s strategy on the Korean War? Explain. Korean War Overview Video
  10. 10. • MacArthur criticized Truman to a congressman and was fired • Because of the public criticism hit the media • 1952 Dwight Eisenhower was elected president • Pledged to end the war • Armistice was signed between the U.S. and North Korea in 1953 • Agreement provided for a “demilitarized zone” along the 38th parallel • Transfer of prisoners of war (POWs) End of the Korean War
  11. 11. • Do you think that Truman was just (right) in firing MacArthur for violating the Truman Doctrine? Explain. Truman fires MacArthurClick Link
  12. 12. • Korea was divided exactly like as it had been before the invasion when the war ended. • 38th is still today one of the most armed places in the world • The Korean War was nicknamed “The Forgotten War”, due to the other events that occurred in the Cold War. • Many Americans saw zero impact of the war since there was no change in the borders of North & South Korea. The “Forgotten” War
  13. 13. • How has the Korean War impacted North and South Korea today? Explain. Impact of Korean War today (stop at 2:12)
  14. 14. • Soviet Union launched Sputnik satellite into space. It was the size of a beach ball. • U.S. did NOT want the Soviet Union to get ahead of them, therefore: • Congress passed the National Defense Educational Act which emphasized Math and Science in public schools • Created NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) in 1958 • Began space race between U.S. and Soviet Union Sputnik 1957

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