North Carolina In The Revolution


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North Carolina In The Revolution

  1. 1. North Carolina in the Revolution
  2. 2. The Battle of Moores Creek Bridge <ul><li>First battle of the American Revolution in North Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>The battle was fought to prevent Loyalists from meeting with the British </li></ul><ul><li>Patriots greased the bridge and surprised Loyalist while trying to cross </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalist lost 50 men and Patriots lost only 1 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Importance of the Battle <ul><li>It was known as the “Lexington and Concord of the South” </li></ul><ul><li>It helped prevent the British from gaining control over the South </li></ul><ul><li>It encouraged NC to seek independence </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Halifax Resolves <ul><li>Six weeks after Moores Creek Bridge </li></ul><ul><li>Patriots met at Halifax on April 12, 1776 they adopted the Halifax Resolves </li></ul><ul><li>These were formal statements that made the first call for independence from Britian </li></ul><ul><li>After the Halifax Resolves were adopted in North Carolina the Declaration of Independence was drafted </li></ul>
  5. 5. Mecklenburg Resolves <ul><li>On May 20, 1775 colonist met in Mecklenburg County </li></ul><ul><li>They stated that British laws were no longer in effect </li></ul><ul><li>The resolves created an independent government for Meck. County </li></ul>
  6. 6. War in North Carolina <ul><li>After 3 years of fighting British planned to move South </li></ul><ul><li>Lord Cornwallis planned to take NC and VA </li></ul><ul><li>When Cornwallis headed toward Charlotte North Carolina’s fighting militias slowed him down </li></ul><ul><li>He sent Patrick Ferguson to get Loyalist support in Western North Carolina </li></ul>
  7. 7. Kings Mountain <ul><li>Ferguson was chased to the top of Kings Mountain </li></ul><ul><li>American victory at the Battle of Kings Mountain forced British to give up their plan of taking over North Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>Cornwallis returned to South Carolina, calling the area around Charlotte the “hornets nest” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Guilford Court House <ul><li>Last significant battle in North Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>Nathanael Greene caught up with British troops </li></ul><ul><li>Although British held the field, they lost one quarter of their men and many of their best officers </li></ul><ul><li>Cornwallis was left with a weakened army </li></ul>
  9. 9. North Carolina Civil War <ul><li>After the Battle of Guilford Court House, Civil War between Loyalists and Patriots </li></ul><ul><li>People began robbing and burning down houses </li></ul><ul><li>All armies had left North Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>David Fanning was one leader of Loyalist who captured Patriots and refused to surrender even when the war was over </li></ul><ul><li>Many Loyalists were exiled after the British surrender </li></ul>
  10. 10. State of Franklin <ul><li>1784 residents of NC’s western region formed their own independent state </li></ul><ul><li>They named it in honor of Benjamin Franklin </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina had offered this land to federal government but NC took back offer and discouraged the creation of a new state by threatening to use force against state of Franklin </li></ul><ul><li>State of Franklin ended in 1788 </li></ul>