Commerce and the British Trade Laws England thought it should benefit from colonial trade Colonies thought they should benefit from trade Mercantilism - mother country controls and benefits from the trade of its colonies (Navigation Acts) England was 3000 miles away, colonies began to rely on colonial governments and ignore British trade laws England ignored colonies
Expansion of Colonies and the F/I War Colonies began to grow and develop a new identity, colonists identified themselves by their colony, rather than as English Colonies began to expand west, causing conflict with the natives French possession ran North to South while English possession ran East to West, which resulted in a conflict over who owned the Ohio River Valley 1754 – the French and Indian War began Unfamiliar with Native warfare and the land, British lost many of the initial battles.
Ben Franklin and the United Colonies Colonies couldn’t win because they were not united The Albany Plan of Union – unite all 13 colonies under one government for a common defense Plan is rejected, the colonies did not want to give up individual power/government
Aftermath: End of the War England sent a larger army and ultimately won the war 1763 Treaty of Paris ended the war – England gained Canada and land east of the Mississippi River England decided to enforce stricter control of the colonies to pay for the war Colonists first protest by boycott of trade with England
Aftermath: Native Conflict Pontiac’s Rebellion – natives rebelled against English occupation of western lands Natives are unsuccessful in removing the English, English don’t want the expense of continuing to battle Proclamation of 1763 - colonists could not settle past the App. Mountains
Conclusion: Road to Revolution As a result of the French and Indian War, problems started between the colonies and Britain Britain will try to control the colonies to pay for the war while colonists will fight to retain their freedom of choice